Maj. Gen. Charles Frank Bolden Jr., (USMC-Ret.) was assigned as the Deputy Commanding General of the 1st Marine Expeditionary Force in 1997. During the first half of 1998, he served as Commanding General of the 1st Marine Expeditionary Force Forward in support of Operation Desert Thunder in Kuwait. He was promoted to his final rank of major general in July 1998 and named Deputy Commander of U.S. forces in Japan. He later served as the Commanding General of the 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing at Marine Corps Air Station Miramar in San Diego, Calif., from 2000 - 2002. He retired from the Marine Corps in 2003. Bolden's many military decorations include the Defense Superior Service Medal and the Distinguished Flying Cross. He was inducted into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame in May 2006 and enshrined in the National Aviation Hall of Fame in October 2017.

Bolden was nominated by President Barack Obama and confirmed by the U.S. Senate as the 12th Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). He began his duties as head of the Agency on July 17, 2009. As Administrator, Bolden lead a nationwide NASA team to advance the missions and goals of the U.S. space program.

Bolden's 34-year career with the Marine Corps also included 14 years as a member of NASA's Astronaut Office. After joining the office in 1980, he traveled to orbit four times aboard the space shuttle between 1986 and 1994, commanding two of the missions and piloting two others. His flights included deployment of the Hubble Space Telescope and the first joint U.S.-Russian shuttle mission, which featured a cosmonaut as a member of his crew.

Bolden received an appointment to the U.S. Naval Academy, where he earned a Bachelor of Science degree in electrical science in 1968 and was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Marine Corps. After completing flight training in 1970, he became a Naval Aviator. Bolden flew more than 100 combat missions in North and South Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia, while stationed in Namphong, Thailand between 1972 - 1973. Bolden earned a Master of Science degree in systems management from the University of Southern California in 1977. In 1978, he was assigned to the Naval Test Pilot School at Patuxent River, Md., and completed his training in 1979. While working at the Naval Air Test Center's Systems Engineering and Strike Aircraft Test Directorates, he tested a variety of ground attack aircraft until his selection as an astronaut candidate in 1980.

Bolden is married to the former Alexis Walker of Columbia, SC, and they have two children, COL A. Che’ Bolden, USMC, and Dr. Kelly M. Bolden, MD. They have three granddaughters, Mikaley (17), Kyra (14) and Talia (11). He serves today as the President and CEO of The Bolden Consulting Group LLC, a veteran-owned small business specializing in aerospace, national security and education.

Dr. Costa is the Director of Countering WMD and Violent Extremism at MITRE. She brings over three decades of progressive leadership tackling complex, sensitive intelligence problems facing our nation's most critical missions. She is an expert in counter terrorism (CT) and intelligence analysis. She chairs MITRE’s Corporate CWMD and CT Council and was the lead for IR&D in Enhancing Intelligence Analysis (EIA), ensuring a focus on innovation, rigor and measurable progress on “hard problems”.

Previously, Dr. Costa was the Executive Director of Integration for MITRE’s National Security and Engineering FFRDC responsible for integrating across missions, sponsors, and programs. She provided executive strategic planning for MITRE’s business operations and advancing the Center's $1B business base.

Prior to this, Dr. Costa was MITRE’s Chief Scientist for the Combatant Commands and Defense and Service Intelligence agencies. She was on the OSD Senior Technical Experts Group providing advice on data science and computational social science.

Dr. Costa was responsible for establishing the largest data repository and data mining capability outside the NCR in support of special mission unit target adjudication. As the Director of the Non-Traditional Information and Knowledge Exploitation cell, located at USSOCOM, she led multidisciplinary teams to develop worldwide assessments using all source data. These efforts were at the request of Combatant Commanders via P4 memoranda to the Chairman, JCS. This work has been used as a model for intelligence centers across DOD, US government agencies, and federal law enforcement.

Dr. Costa was on the Defense Science Boards (DSBs) for Joint Forces and Special Operations in Support of the Global War on Terrorism, Intelligence in Support of Countering Terrorism, and The DOD’s Role in Homeland Security. Dr. Costa earned a BS (1986) degree in Computer Science and Mathematics, an MBA (1990), and a PhD (1993) in Computer Science.

Michael Grossman is a top level law enforcement professional and corporate security executive with wide-ranging experience in homeland security and defense, intelligence, threat assessment, training, and security operations. He has been responsible for oversight and command of multi-agency response to large scale events and disasters, including Presidential visits and the annual Tournament of Roses parade.

Mr. Grossman served a distinguished 40-year career with the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. He retired at the rank of Chief, where he commanded the Homeland Security Division, responsible for administration and operational oversight of a wide range of duties and critical functions in Los Angeles County. He held a variety of assignments throughout his career in patrol operations, training, administration, custody, emergency management and homeland security. Chief Grossman was instrumental in the evolution of the Terrorism Early Warning (TEW) Group and the creation of the first local fusion center in the U.S., the Los Angeles Joint Regional Intelligence Center (JRIC). During his tenure, he served on numerous local, state and federal committees related to intelligence and homeland security.

One of his many high-level assignments included a two-year on-loan assignment to the U.S. Department of Justice, at the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) in Washington D.C. In this capacity, he served as the Director of the Technology Assistance Division in the Office of Science and Technology. His duties included guiding the NIJ's nationwide program to support research, development and integration of new technologies for law enforcement and corrections.

Upon retiring from law enforcement, Chief Grossman accepted a position as the Senior Vice President of U.S. National Security for the global mall giant Westfield Corporation, where he served until February 2016. His responsibilities included oversight of national security contracts, and the development and execution of security policy for the retail space at the new World Trade Center. He worked closely with executive management, legal, risk management, Human Resources, and Regional Senior Vice Presidents to maximize their awareness and performance in the areas of safety, security, and emergency preparedness and response.

Chief Grossman earned his Master’s Degree in Homeland Security and Defense, from the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California. Upon graduation, he was awarded the Curtis H. “Butch” Straub award for exemplary academic achievement and leadership. He also holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Criminal Justice from California State University Los Angeles.

Assistant Chief Mark G. Stainbrook has joined the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies as a Senior Fellow. He is the second-in-command of the San Diego Harbor Police Department (HPD), which is the premier police presence on the San Diego Bay, the San Diego International Airport, and on all Tidelands around the Bay. The Department is comprised of 170 employees and has jurisdiction in the five member cities of the Port District, which include San Diego, Chula Vista, Coronado, Imperial Beach, and National City.

Mark retired as a lieutenant from the Los Angeles Police Department, where he served in a variety of assignments including patrol, gangs, internal affairs, intelligence and counter-terrorism. Mark is a graduate of the FBI National Academy in Quantico, Virginia. He has over sixty LAPD commendations.

In his second career, Mark is a Lieutenant Colonel in the United States Marine Corps Reserve with 30 years of military service. He is currently assigned to Security Battalion, Camp Pendleton, California. Mark’s personal awards include the Navy-Marine Corps Medal for heroism, as well as the Army Commendation Medal and the Navy Achievement Medal.

While serving in Iraq in April 2003, Mark was tasked to reconstitute Iraqi police units in Baghdad. His experiences were chronicled in the article “Seven Days in Baghdad” (Police Magazine, December 2003). Mark was extensively interviewed and quoted during Operation Iraqi Freedom by CNN, Good Morning America, Inside Edition, The Washington Post, and the BBC.

Mark graduated with honors from California State University Long Beach with a Master’s Degree in Public Policy Administration. His Master’s thesis, Attitudes of American-Muslims towards Law Enforcement: A Comparison of before and after September 11, 2001, was the catalyst for his selection to a Fulbright Police Fellowship.

During his Fulbright, Mark was a visiting fellow at Leeds University in the Religious and Theology Department, and was also seconded to the West Yorkshire Police Force. He studied and worked in local West Yorkshire Muslim communities for six months, including the suburbs of Beeston, where the “7/7 London bombers” resided.

Most recently, Mark has worked with the U.S. State Department in Kenya, Nepal and India to train their police forces on counter-terrorism, criminal intelligence and community policing methods.

Mark is the author of several law enforcement articles in Police Chief Magazine, including, “Learning from the Lessons of the 2008 Mumbai Terrorist Attacks” and “Policing with Muslim Communities in the Age of Terrorism.” He also wrote a book chapter, “Pioneer Always Take the Arrows: LAPD Outreach to Muslim Communities in Los Angeles” – in Preventing Ideological Violence: Communities, Police and Case Studies of “Success” edited by P. Daniel Silk, Basia Spalek & Mary O’Rawe.

Timothy J. Winter is a senior executive focused on enhancing National Security by advancing Defense & Intelligence capabilities and improving Education & Community affairs. He has performed multiple business, technical and consulting positions in the electronic and information systems arenas.

Specific demonstrated areas of expertise include systems development, technology research, programs management, business leadership, strategic planning and personnel management. Experience domains include Command & Control, Communications, Cyber, Airborne Fire Control and Surveillance Radars, Naval and Ground Radars, Missile Defense Systems, Land Combat Systems, Weapons, Electric Vehicles & Power Systems, and Computer & Signal Processing.

Degrees include a Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering from Virginia Tech and a Masters in Business Administration from the Loyola University of Baltimore. Significant advisory support provided to Virginia Tech as an Electrical & Computer Engineering Department advisory board member, the Space@VT advisory board chair, and the College of Engineering Global Engagement Engineering & Research advisory board chair. Educational leadership provided as the Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, Math (STEAM) coordinator for the Notre Dame Prep School in Towson, MD.

Dr. Mie Augier is a senior editor of Management Organization Review, and co-editor of the Palgrave Dictionary of Strategic Management. She is a Stanford University Center for Sustainable Development and Global Competitiveness (CSDGC) research collaborator in the area of cross-cultural learning, an associate professor at the Naval Postgraduate School, and an academic associate with the Centre for International Business and Management (CIBAM), Cambridge, UK.

Dr. Mie Augier has done research, strategy and leadership development in educational, defense, and other organizations and institutions, including business schools (faculty development; strategic positioning) and mentored students and researches through workshops, consulting, and executive education. Her scholarly and academic research interests include strategy, organizations, innovation, interdisciplinary social science, and the influence of culture and globalization on strategic decision making, and the past and future management of education and business schools. Her research has been published in outlets such as Organization Science; Industrial and Corporate Change; Journal of Management Inquiry; Management International Review; Organization Studies; Research Policy; California Management Review; among others. She has published on topics such as the history of business schools (including her 2011 book with James March, Stanford University Press); and the organizational mechanisms leading to the rise and decline of novelty and innovation in organizations (the flaring of intellectual outliers; 2015, and organization science). Active research interests also include analysis of the US Marine Corps as an organization and their strategic decision making.

Retired Colonel (Dr.) Scott D. Lathrop is the Director of Secure Autonomy at Soar Technology (SoarTech), leading research in artificial intelligence to enhance cyberspace/security operations and to ensure trustworthy autonomy. Scott retired as a Colonel from the United States Army, culminating his career as the Director of Advanced Concepts and Technology at the United States Cyber Command where he led the command’s research and development efforts while serving as the chief scientist and technology officer for the Commander, United States Cyber Command/Director, National Security Agency. Scott received the Army’s Draper Leadership Award as an Armored/Cavalry company commander, led the development of some of the Army’s first distributed command and control applications, helped stand up the National Military Academy of Afghanistan’s Computer Science Department, and was recognized for teaching and research excellence as an associate professor at West Point’s nationally-rated Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department. He was an early developer and coach of the Military Academies’ and the National Security Agency’s Cyber Defense Exercise and an early contributor to West Point’s robotics program. Scott is a distinguished graduate and top computer science graduate from the United States Military Academy and holds a Ph.D. in Computer Science and Engineering from the University of Michigan. His research interests include cognitive architectures, cybersecurity, and autonomous unmanned systems, publishing 20+ articles in those areas.

John D. Evans is CEO of the Florida Street Group, a management consulting and advisory group focused on development of corporate strategy and management of growth and innovation. In addition, he is currently serving as a Senor Fellow at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies; as a member of the Board of Directors and Member Emeritus of the Industrial Research Institute (IRI); and as a member of the Board of Board of Directors and Vice President, International, for the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA).

Prior to these roles, he served as Corporate Vice President, Technology; Corporate Vice President, Innovation; and Vice President, International Engineering and Technology for Lockheed Martin Corporation. In these capacities, he was recognized for industry leading programs in innovation and technology management, as well as for establishing Lockheed Martin’s Center for Innovation and Security Solutions (CISS) in Abu Dhabi, UAE; the F-35 Virtual Analysis Laboratories in Ampthill, UK, and Melbourne, Australia; and for overseeing establishment of approximately 75 technology based partnerships across 20 countries. Prior to joining Lockheed Martin, he served as Program Manager for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA); served as the Chief Technical Officer for the west coast venture-funded start-up Microfabrica; worked as lead MEMS scientist for Becton Dickinson; and served as consultant to the United States Congress Office of Technology Assessment (OTA).

Dr. Evans earned a BA degree in physics from Carleton College; an MS in civil engineering and a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the University of California, Berkeley; and an MBA from Duke University. He is a member of the ASME, a Senior Member of IEEE, and an Associate Fellow of AIAA. Recognitions include the Maurice Holland Innovation Award (IRI); Office of Secretary of Defense Medal for Exceptional Public Service; the DARPA Innovation Award; the Charles Lofgren Carleton College Alumni Business Fellowship; and the Becton Dickinson Special Achievement Recognition Award. He has been awarded twelve United States patents.

Colonel David Chaffee, USAF (retired) is a Senior Fellow of the Institute. He had a distinguished career in the Air Force, 24 years of which were direct acquisition program engineering and management. After retiring from the Air Force, Mr. Chaffee joined a large Defense Industry prime contractor where he continued in roles of program management, business unit management and director of Business Development and Strategy for 13 years. His experience includes management of multiple ACAT I programs and spans domains of space, airborne, and ground systems for direct combat, sustainment, command and control, and Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance missions. His expertise in acquisition includes Department of Defense and Intelligence Community programs and contracts.

In his early career, Mr. Chaffee became program manager of the F100-PW-220 and 220 Equivalent jet engine programs during the “Great Engine War”. After a tour in the Pentagon, he became the Deputy Program Manager and COTR for the Lockheed Martin entrant for the Joint Advanced Strike Technology (JAST) Program and later in the same role for the Concept Development Phase of the early Joint Strike Fighter Program. After pinning O-6, he served two years with classified programs at a Logistics Center ending his last tour as the System Program Director for Air Force and Joint Battle Management/Command and Control Programs. This portfolio included two ACAT I programs, one of which was joint and the other a cooperative C2 system. Joining Northrop Grumman in 2002, Mr. Chaffee continued in leadership and management roles for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance programs. Well steeped in the Distributed Common Ground Systems programs, he also managed a portfolio of intelligence programs supporting several Agencies of the DNI. He concluded his career in a space program where he was responsible for Advanced Development Concepts and Program Advocacy and Outreach.

A graduate of the Air Force Academy, 1977, Mr. Chaffee attended all military schools in residence and was a Distinguished Graduate in several. He completed all required levels of Acquisition Management and went on graduate from the Senior Acquisition Management course, Industrial College of the Armed Forces, Executive Program Management at Fort Belvoir, The Wharton School of Business Financial Management Course and the Chicago School of Business for Strategy. With a Master of Science in Aeronautical Engineering (AFIT) and another in National Resource Strategy, Mr. Chaffee also served as Assistant Professor of Aeronautics at the United States Air Force Academy.

Lieutenant-General Yvan Blondin grew up in Aylmer, Quebec, and enrolled in the Canadian Forces in 1980. Upon completion of pilot training in 1982, he was assigned to VU32 Squadron in Shearwater, NS, to fly T33 aircraft. In 1986, following the Canadian acquisition of the CF18 fighter aircraft, he was selected for conversion and posted to the newly formed 433 Tactical Fighter Squadron in Bagotville. Lieutenant-General Blondin would eventually serve with the two fighter squadrons in Bagotville, accumulating more than 3,000 flying hours in North America and Europe on various Canadian Forces aircraft.

As a staff officer, Lieutenant-General Blondin has served in various personnel related positions in NDHQ from 1993 to 2000. From 2002 to 2004, he was part of the Canadian staff in NORAD Headquarters in Colorado Springs, Colorado. In 2006-2007, he deployed to Afghanistan, as Director of Staff in NATO ISAF Headquarters. Following his tour in Kabul, he was assigned as Deputy Commander Force Generation at 1 Canadian Air Division in Winnipeg.

Lieutenant-General Blondin has held many commands throughout his career including Commanding Officer of 425 Tactical Fighter Squadron in Bagotville from 2000 to 2002; Commander of the Canadian CF18 Operational Force in Aviano, Italy, supporting NATO forces in the former Yugoslavia in 2000-2001; Commander of 3 Wing Bagotville from 2004 to 2006; and Commander of 1 Canadian Air Division / Commander Canadian NORAD Region from 2009 to 2011. Prior to his appointment as Commander Royal Canadian Air Force, he served as the Deputy Commander RCAF.

Lieutenant-General Blondin holds a BA Degree from the University of Manitoba and an MBA from the University of Phoenix in Arizona. He is a graduate of the Canadian Forces Command and Staff College and of the United States Air Force Air War College.

Lieutenant-General Blondin retired from the RCAF in July 2015 and lives in Hudson, QC, Canada with his wife Jinny Lamoureux.

Paul Debolt assists companies and individuals on issues that arise from conducting business with the federal government, including civil fraud. He is experienced in the competitive source selection process, defending or prosecuting bid protests, issuing advice concerning compliance with government regulations and laws during the performance of a contract, and helping to resolve disputes and claims during contract performance or as a result of contract termination. Mr. Debolt also has significant experience with due diligence in connection with the merger and acquisition of government contractors, as well as post-transaction matters such as novations. He counsels clients on the Service Contract Act, the civil False Claims Act, joint ventures and teaming agreements, prime-subcontractor disputes, internal investigations, mandatory disclosures and data rights issues.

Mr. Debolt has extensive government contracts law experience and applies a team approach that ensures clients receive the benefit of firm-wide strength in all related areas. Mr. Debolt supports Venable’s large and small government contracts clients including major systems manufacturers, providers of information technology and other service providers.Recently, Mr. Debolt conducted a number of internal investigations of both large and small companies involving questioned contract certifications and cost charging. Mr. Debolt also represented a number of clients with claims and intellectual property disputes before the Court of Federal Claims, the Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals and various federal district courts.

A seasoned litigator and member of Venable’s Commercial Litigation Group, Courtney Sullivan has extensive government and private practice courtroom experience focusing on criminal and civil matters. She represents clients in a host of industries including government contracting, hospitality, and cybersecurity. She also has significant experience in investigations, strategic planning, and privacy matters.

Ms. Sullivan most recently served as a trial attorney in the Department of Justice (DOJ) Counterterrorism Section, National Security Division. In this role she successfully prosecuted a number of high-profile terrorism trials in a variety of federal courts across the country, advised the Assistant Attorney General for National Security on classified intelligence operations, and managed investigations with members of the intelligence community, including the FBI, CIA, the Department of Defense, the Department of Treasury, and the Department of State. She also worked in close coordination with multiple foreign governments in domestic and foreign terrorism prosecutions and investigations. In federal terrorism trials, Ms. Sullivan held primary responsibility for the government’s use and protection of classified information. She has held the highest-level security clearance, handling some of the government’s most sensitive national security information, for nearly twelve years. She participated in and supervised some of the largest terrorist investigations in U.S. history.

Ms. Sullivan joined DOJ in 2003 and held a variety of national-security positions over the course of more than a decade. She has received recognition from four successive Attorneys General, and a medal for distinguished civilian service from the Department of Defense. As an attorney advisor and Senior attorney in the Office of Intelligence Policy and Review, Ms. Sullivan represented the United States before the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court and conducted oversight of the intelligence agencies to ensure federal law compliance—particularly the privacy rights of U.S. citizens. She later accepted a detail to prosecute, in military commissions, a number of High Value Detainees (HVDs), ultimately negotiating the first and only guilty plea and cooperation agreement with an HVD, resulting in a sentence of nineteen to twenty-five years. Most recently, Ms. Sullivan served as Deputy to the Chief Prosecutor of the Military Commissions, a Brigadier General, and led a second successful plea and cooperation agreement with a Guantanamo Bay detainee, while also advising and working on the ongoing 9/11 and U.S.S. Cole prosecutions.

Ms. Sullivan was the lead prosecutor on the United States efforts to prosecute a number of perpetrators of the deadly October 2002 terrorist attacks on nightclubs and the U.S. Consulate in Bali, Indonesia, which resulted in over 200 murders, the August 2003 bombing of the J.W. Marriott in Jakarta, Indonesia, and the 2009 bombings of the J.W. Marriott and Ritz Carlton hotels in Jakarta. She also led the United States’ efforts to develop one of the most significant terrorist cooperators in recent history, a British citizen who was a co-conspirator in the Richard Reid “shoe bomb” plot, who has been a key witness in the prosecution of a number of recent terrorist trials in the Southern and Eastern Districts of New York.

Prior to her tenure at DOJ, Ms. Sullivan worked as a commercial litigation associate for over five years in private practice. She was involved in all manner of disputes ranging from intellectual property to partnerships. Her practice area focused largely on construction litigation (including government contracts), products liability defense, and international arbitration.

Lindsay Meyer is a Co-Managing Partner of Venable and heads the International Trade Practice, assisting sophisticated companies to efficiently import and export under U.S. laws and regulations. As a licensed U.S. Customs broker, Ms. Meyer has a detailed knowledge of and extensive experience with the regulations of the U.S. Bureau of Customs and Border Protection. She is also co-chair of Venable’s FCPA and Anticorruption Practice.

Extensive Trade, Customs and Export Control Experience. For over twenty-five years, Ms. Meyer has provided International Trade and Customs advice at Venable where she heads Venable's International Practice based in Washington, DC. Ms. Meyer concentrates on all aspects of International Trade and Customs matters. She regularly advises companies on their compliance with import and export control laws and regulations, and appears before numerous regulatory authorities such as the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), International Trade Commission (ITC), Commerce Department’s Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS), State Department’s Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC), Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), and the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS).

Ms. Meyer has extensive experience counseling companies on compliance with export controls regulated by BIS, DDTC, and OFAC and actively assists companies in their registration and license authorization needs for exports, re-exports and deemed exports. She guides companies through internal Export Control Assessments, helps develop tailored compliance policies and procedures, and performs training on export laws and regulations affecting a company. Additionally, Ms. Meyer has successfully defended exporters facing civil and criminal investigations for alleged violations of U.S. export control laws and embargoes.

Concerning import transactions, Ms. Meyer routinely represents companies during U.S. Customs Focused Assessments, NAFTA Audits, C-TPAT and ISA Programs, and defends clients during detentions, forfeitures, seizures, civil and criminal investigations, and other Customs-related matters. She regularly provides strategic customs and trade counseling to Fortune 100 clients by conducting Pre-Assessment Compliance Reviews including corporate-wide, multi-location assessments and training programs, and by representing companies before CBP, such as in Customs protests and Buy American Act rulings, and on appeal to the U.S. Court of International Trade and U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit.

For many years, Ms. Meyer has also successfully represented companies in trade remedy actions alleging infringement of intellectual property rights, as well as antidumping duty and safeguard investigations and reviews before the U.S. Department of Commerce, International Trade Commission, and on appeal.

Ms. Meyer also advises clients on international transactional matters, where she counsels on strategic sourcing, targeted acquisitions Helms-Burton analysis, CFIUS investigations and FOCI reviews; sales and distribution arrangements in the U.S. and abroad; the use of foreign agents, affiliated offices, joint ventures and teaming agreements; as well as compliance with antiboycott restrictions and anti-bribery laws, such as the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA).

One of the distinctive advantages Ms. Meyer offers is her position as a licensed U.S. Customs broker. Another advantage she offers clients stems from her well-established relationships with counsel around the globe with whom she works on a regular basis. Ms. Meyer brings to her practice extensive years of experience in a multitude of trade matters and the ability to develop innovative solutions to complex legal issues.

A leading voice in national cybersecurity policy with over two decades of government and nonprofit sector experience, Ari Schwartz is Venable's Managing Director of Cybersecurity Services. In his role, Mr. Schwartz directs the establishment of cybersecurity consulting services for Venable, assisting organizations with understanding and development of risk management strategies, including implementation of the Cybersecurity Framework and other planning tools to help minimize risk.

Prior to joining Venable, Mr. Schwartz was a member of the White House National Security Council, where he served as Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Cybersecurity. As Director, Mr. Schwartz coordinated all network defense cybersecurity policy, including critical infrastructure protection, federal network protection, supply-chain efforts, cybersecurity standards promotion, and information sharing. He led the White House's legislative and policy outreach to businesses, trade groups, academics, and civil liberties groups on cybersecurity and developed new policies and legislation, including development of the Executive Orders on the Security of Consumer Financial Protection, Cybersecurity Information Sharing, and Sanctions Against Individuals Engaging in Malicious Cyber-Enabled Activities. Additionally, Mr. Schwartz led the successful White House rollout of the Cybersecurity Framework and the White House Cybersecurity Summit held at Stanford University.

Mr. Schwartz also served in the Department of Commerce, where he advised the Secretary on technology policy matters related to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), and the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). He led the Department's Internet Policy Task Force and represented the Obama Administrations on major Internet policy issues on privacy and security before Congress, at public events, and before the media.

Mr. Schwartz began his career in Washington at the Center for Effective Government (formerly OMB Watch). For twelve years, he worked at the Center for Democracy and Technology, including serving as Vice President and Chief Operating Officer, developing legislation and policy related to privacy, cybersecurity, and open government.

Norman Cigar retired as Director of Regional Studies and the Minerva Research Chair at the Marine Corps University. Previously, he had also taught at the Marine Corps Command and Staff College and at the Marine Corps School of Advanced Warfighting. In an earlier assignment in the Pentagon, he was responsible for the Middle East in the Office of the Army’s Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence, and supported the Secretary of the Army, the Chief of Staff of the Army, and Congress with intelligence. He also represented the Army on national-level intelligence issues in the interagency intelligence community. During the Gulf War, he was the Army’s senior political-military intelligence staff officer on the Desert Shield/Desert Storm Task Force.

His focus is on nuclear proliferation in the Middle East and on jihadist movements. He is the author of numerous works on politics and security issues dealing with the Middle East and the Balkans, and has been a consultant at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia at the Hague. He has also taught at the Defense Intelligence College and was a Visiting Fellow at the Institute for Conflict Analysis & Resolution, George Mason University. Among his recent writings are Iraq’s Shia Warlords and Their Militias; Saudi Arabia and Nuclear Weapons: How Do Countries Think about the Bomb?; Saudi Arabia’s Strategic Rocket Force: The Silent Service; and Saddam’s Nuclear Vision: An Atomic Shield and Sword for Conquest.

Dr. Cigar holds a DPhil from Oxford (St Antony’s College) in Middle East History and Arabic; an M.I.A. from the School of International and Public Affairs and a Certificate from the Middle East Institute, Columbia University; and an M.S. from the Defense Intelligence College. He has studied and traveled widely in the Middle East.

John is a 30-year veteran of the defense and security industry and the Founder and Principal of Net-Centric Cybersecurity Consulting (NC3)-LLC, a cyber security consulting firm based in Columbia, Maryland where he focuses on cybersecurity technology, risk, compliance, and business strategy.

Prior to founding NC3 in 2013 John was a Vice President and General Manager for General Dynamics from 2010 -2013, where he led a large portfolio of cybersecurity programs spanning the Intelligence Community, DHS, DoD, and the commercial sector. While at General Dynamics John led the acquisition of Fidelis Security Systems, a market leading network software security business, in order to reposition General Dynamic’s and their existing digital forensics and incident response business within the commercial network security space. Prior to joining General Dynamics John spent five years at Northrop Grumman in positions of increasing responsibility, spearheading their acquisition of Essex Corporation to reposition and grow a net-centric cyber focused business. From 1985-2005 John held a variety of technical and leadership positions with the DoD.

John served as a member of Intelligence and National Security Alliance (INSA) Board of Directors from 2011-2014 and remains an active member of their Cyber Security Council. John is a Senior Fellow at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies (PIPS), and member of the advisory boards at the Maryland Center for Entrepreneurship and the BWTech@UMBC Cybersecurity Incubator. John is also an active mentor at the Mach37 Center for Innovative Technology (CIT) Cybersecurity Accelerator in Herndon VA, and is a member of the advisory boards of CounterTack, Disrupt6, and Identia, and Syncurity. He holds a bachelor’s degree with honors in Computer and Information Science from UMBC, a master’s degree in Program/Organization Management from Johns Hopkins University and an MBA in Finance with honors from The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania.

Vice Admiral William “Bill” Landay (USN, Ret.) is a Senior Fellow of the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies where he provides extensive expertise in the areas of Naval Operations, Defense Acquisition, Foreign Military Sales (FMS) /International sales, and the transition of Science and Technology (S&T) into production programs.

VADM Landay completed 35 years of distinguished service as a Naval officer in 2013. His operational assignments included Commanding Officer of USS Aquila (PHM 4) and USS Paul Hamilton (DDG 60) as well as assignments at the U.S. Transportation Command and the Secretary of the Navy Staff. As a Flag Officer, he served as the Program Executive Officer for the acquisition and support of Littoral and Mine Warfare programs, as the 21st Chief of Naval Research responsible for all Science and Technology (S&T) Programs for the Navy and Marine Corps, and as the Program Executive Officer for Ships responsible for the acquisition of all non-nuclear ships. His final assignment was as Director, Defense Security Cooperation Agency where he provided leadership, management, and oversight for a diverse portfolio of security cooperation and partner capacity building programs across the entire DoD with a value of almost $400 billion.

VADM Landay holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Systems Engineering from the Naval Academy, a Master of Science degree in Systems Technology (C4I) from the Naval Postgraduate School, and is a graduate of the Program for Management Development at the Harvard Business School. 

John Terence “Terry” Blake served more than 37 years in the United States Navy before retiring in February 2013.  He most recently served as the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Integration of Capabilities and Resources (OPNAV N8).  As the Navy’s Chief Financial Officer, he was charged with planning, programming and executing the Navy’s Budget.  He also served in numerous positions in the Pentagon including Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Financial Management & Comptroller) and Deputy Director Resources and Acquisition (Joint Staff J8).  His sea commands included a Destroyer, an AEGIS Cruiser, and a Carrier Strike Group.

Since retiring from the Navy, VADM Blake has served as an independent consultant on a number of projects both in the defense and commercial sectors.  He graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy with a Bachelor of Science degree in Political Science, a Master of Science degree in Finance from the Naval Postgraduate School and a Master of Science degree in National Security from the National War College.  Additionally, he completed the Seminar XXI program in International Relations from MIT.

Lois Hollan has provided strategic and programmatic management consulting to government agencies for nearly 25 years, specializing in performance-based, technology innovation environments, specifically the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD).  She is committed to excellence through focused, goal-oriented management, optimal teamwork approaches, and the employment of best practices.

Ms. Hollan’s success at DARPA has pivoted around the cultivation of project-centric organizational structures that support program component development as well as the transformation of basic research results and the support of advanced prototype products, to a successful end state. She has been recognized as a leader in the formation and advancement of the DARPA Image Understanding research community and has edited seven published DARPA Image Understanding Proceedings that defined the standard in technology developments in such areas as camera stabilization, automatic fingerprint identification, and innovative target recognition capabilities. Her efforts in the transition of DARPA-developed video exploitation technology resulted in the transition of critical capabilities to high-value unmanned aircraft and weapons systems.

In November 2006, she served on the outreach network of the US House Science Committee on Science and Technology on the conceptualization of the Advanced Research Projects Agency for Energy (ARPA-E) where she imparted comprehensive insight into the unique culture of DARPA, including the basic tenets of the organization, and the need for an articulated partnership between ARPA-E programs and the Department of Energy Laboratory portfolios.

Since 2012, she has provided programmatic and strategic support to the Secretary of Defense S&T Priority, Engineered Resilient Systems. Working closely with the US Army Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC), she has helped formalize and expand the program reach and is leading the industry outreach on the development of the architecture and toolset. Ms. Hollan works closely with the National Defense Industrial Association (NDIA) to develop industrial and commercial partnerships.

Lois Hollan is a Senior Fellow at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies where she previously worked on staff on the formation of innovative technology ideas and projects. She was certified in project management by Litton PRC, and is a current member of the Project Management Institute. Ms. Hollan is one of the first recipients of a DARPA Director’s Certificate of Appreciation and has received several performance awards from Litton PRC and Booz Allen Hamilton. She has also been a contributing writer to NBC Universal Sports.

ALbequerqueMs. Albuquerque joined the Potomac Institute in 2004 through the US Marine Corps’ Center for Emerging Threats and Opportunities (CETO). Her 10 years’ of service to the Potomac Institute and US Marine Corps began with the formulation and development of an unprecedented detection canine capability that provided robust, reliable standoff detection of explosives for Infantry Marines on dismounted patrols in Iraq and Afghanistan. Subsequently, Ms. Albuquerque completed an Intergovernmental Personnel Assignment (IPA) 4-year term at the Office of Naval Research (ONR Code 30). At ONR, she established and led the nation’s first detection canine research program addressing the olfactory, cognitive and physiological factors underlying performance improvements to the world’s finest olfactory sensor – a well-trained dog.

Ms. Albuquerque is a retired Navy officer with 25 years’ service in both enlisted and commissioned ranks. She holds a Master’s of Education degree from the University of West Florida.

Ms. Albuquerque recently received notice from the US Patent and Trademark Office that her patent application for a “System, Apparatus and Method of Training Dogs to Detect Complex Hazardous Substances” has been approved.


Dr. Fritze is a Senior Fellow at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies responsible for the Microelectronics Policy portfolio. His current interests and activities include USG trusted access strategies, support of needed legacy technologies, DOD innovation policy and outreach to Industry and strengthening the US Microelectronics Industrial Base. He is also the Director of the VITAL Center (Vital Infrastructure Technology And Logistics) at Potomac.

Dr. Fritze was the Director of the Disruptive Electronics Division at the USC Information Sciences Institute. (2010-2015). He also held a Research Professor appointment in the USC Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical Engineering (Electrophysics).  His research interests at ISI included Trusted Electronics, CMOS Reliability & Robustness, Low power 3DIC enabled electronics and Rad-hard electronics.  He was a Program Manager at the DARPA Microsystems Technology Office (MTO) from 2006-2010.  While at DARPA, Dr. Fritze was responsible for Programs in the areas of 3D Integrated Circuits (3DIC), Steep-Subthreshold-slope Transistors (STEEP), Radiation Hardening by Design (RHBD), Carbon Electronics for RF Applications (CERA), Silicon-based RF (TEAM), Ultra-low power Digital (ESE), Highly regular designs (GRATE) and Leading-edge foundry access (LEAP).

Prior to joining DARPA, Dr. Fritze was a staff member from 1995-2006 at MIT Lincoln Laboratory in Lexington, Massachusetts, where he worked on fully-depleted silicon on insulator (FDSOI) technology development with an emphasis on novel devices. Particular interests included highly scaled, tunneling-based, and ultra-low power devices. Dr. Fritze also worked in the area of silicon-based integrated optics. Another research interest at Lincoln Laboratory was in the area of resolution-enhanced optical lithography and nanofabrication with particular emphasis on low volume technological solutions.

Dr. Fritze received a Ph.D. in Physics from Brown University in 1994, working in the area of compound semiconductor quantum well physics. He received a B.S. in Physics in 1984 from Lehigh University. Dr. Fritze is an elected member of Tau Beta Pi and Sigma Xi. He is a recipient of the Office of the Secretary of Defense Medal for Exceptional Public Service awarded in 2010.  He is a Senior Member of the IEEE and is active on the GOMAC Conference Program Committee as well as the NDIA Electronics Division Policy Group. Dr. Fritze has published over 75 papers and articles in professional journals and holds several U.S. Patents.

Melissa Hathaway brings a multi-disciplinary and multi-institutional perspective to strategic consulting and strategy formulation for public and private sector clients.  She is a member of the Board of Regents at Potomac Institute for Policy Studies.   She is also serves as a Senior Advisor at Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center, a Distinguished Fellow at the Centre for International Governance Innovation in Canada, and is the Chair of the Council of Experts for the Global Cyber Security Center in Italy. She served in two U.S. presidential administrations, spearheading the Cyberspace Policy Review for President Barack Obama and leading the Comprehensive National Cybersecurity Initiative (CNCI) for President George W. Bush.   At the conclusion of her government service she received the National Intelligence Reform Medal in recognition of her achievements.

Previously, Ms. Hathaway was a Principal with Booz Allen & Hamilton, Inc., where she led two primary business units: information operations and long range strategy and policy support, supporting key offices within the Department of Defense and Intelligence Community. Earlier in her career she worked with Evidence Based Research, Inc. and the American Foreign Service Association.   Ms. Hathaway is a frequent keynote speaker on cyber security matters, and regularly publishes papers and commentary in this field.


Admiral Robert J. Natter, USN (Ret.), Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow

ADM Natter is President of R.J. Natter & Associates, LLC, a nationwide consulting and advocacy firm specializing in corporate and defense strategy.  Clients have included the State of Florida Governor’s Office; McDonald's Corporation; Lockheed Martin Corp; Microsoft Corp; IBM Corp; DLA Piper Rudnick US LLP; Vornado Realty Trust; Embraer North America; Sumitomo North America; and myriad other U.S. and international corporations.   Admiral Natter is Chairman of the Board of G4S Government Solutions (GS), a premier U.S. provider of security and infrastructure support solutions for customers with complex requirements in highly regulated industries. G4S GS is a U.S. government security-cleared commercial nuclear security business and is an independent operating unit of G4S plc. He also serves on the Board of Directors of BAE Systems, Inc, a U.S. subsidiary of BAE Systems plc.

Following one year enlisted service and graduation from the U.S. Naval Academy, Natter rose to four-star Admiral. In 2003, Admiral Natter completed a distinguished 41-year Navy career as Commander of the U.S. Atlantic Fleet, the first Commander of U.S. Fleet Forces Command, the first Commander of all U.S. Navy and Coast Guard homeland defense forces under the newly created Northern Command, and the Commander-in-Chief of the NATO Western Atlantic Command.  At that time the Atlantic Fleet consisted of over 160,000 Sailors and Marines, 162 ships and 1,200 aircraft, as well as 18 major shore stations. Admiral Natter’s military decorations include the Silver Star Medal, four awards of the Distinguished Service Medal, the Defense Superior Service Medal, the Bronze Star Medal with Combat V, Navy Commendation Medal with Combat V, Navy Achievement Medal with Combat V, and the Purple Heart, among others.  His personal honors include the 1998 Order of the Rising Sun Medal by the Emperor of Japan; the 1998 Order of National Security Medal from the President of the Republic of Korea; the 2003 Ellis Island Medal of Honor, and the 2004 Distinguished Sea Service Leader of the Year by the Naval Order of the United States.  Natter has earned Masters degrees in Business Management and International Relations, and is the fifth recipient of the Naval War College Distinguished Graduate Leadership Award.

In 2012 Natter assumed Chairmanship of the U.S. Naval Academy Alumni Association Board of Trustees, representing about 55,000 living graduates. He is also on the Board of the National Navy SEAL Museum.

Joseph Paresi is the Founder, Chairman and CEO of IDSS Holdings, which was founded to incorporate Technology and Service Solutions based on his previous company experience.  IDSS is comprised of three primary sectors: Government Services, focused on the Intelligence Community; Security Solutions, developing the "Checkpoint of the Future"; and Data management, offering solutions in the identity management area.   Previously, he was Chairman of AMP Electric vehicles, a leader in electric vehicle conversion.  He was also Executive Vice President of L-1 Identity Solution, where he was co-founder and officer.  He was also Co-founder and Partner in L-1 Investment Partners, where he developed strategy, analyzed companies and opportunities and raised funding to acquire companies that resulted in L-1 Identify Solutions, Inc.  He Started L-3 Security & Detections Systems and developed FAA/TSA Certified eXaminer 3Dx Explosives Detection System.  At Lockheed Martin, he was the Director of Technology, responsible for managing and overseeing the company New Business Funding R&D and Bid and Proposals.  He was directly involved in reviewing new technology plans and assisting the development of new products and technologies.

He is the board member of various organizations, including Rand Worldwide, Inc.; QRS Technologies, Inc.; AnnisTech, Inc.; Core Software, Inc.; and International Association of Airport Executives.

LtGen Flynn joins the Potomac Institute with significant operational expertise and proven leadership, management, training and education following a distinguished career of more than 38 years in the U.S. Marine Corps.  Years of practical experience and graduate level education in national security and international affairs are reflected in an extensive record across a broad spectrum of defense operations.  While on active duty, LtGen Flynn created the Joint Force Development Directorate  at the Joint Chiefs of Staff, managing more than 2,000 people and a $1 billion organization that developed new military operational, concepts, doctrine and training.  He supervised all elements of the Combatant Commander exercise program, which provides staff training and evaluates the mission performance of the largest military command organization in the United States.  He also developed policy for and provided oversight of all professional military education.  As Deputy Commandant of the Marine Corps for Combat Development and Integration, LtGen Flynn determined future requirements for all equipment, training, personnel, facilities, and supporting activities of the Marine Corps.  His role as the Deputy Commanding General, Multi-National Corps, Iraq, involved leading combat operations and providing direct supervision of support activities of more than 50,000 service members and civilians, while conducting operational planning and execution to enable coalition operations, including extensive interaction with United Kingdom and Coalition Special Operations Forces.  LtGen Flynn supervised and provided oversight, policy and guidance for Marine Corps training as the Commanding General, Marine Corps Training and Education Command.  As Chief of Staff, U.S. Special Operations Command, LtGen Flynn supervised all support requirements for a 2,000-person organization, responsible for the planning, direction and financial execution of the headquarters.  He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and has several Masters Degrees in National Security and Strategy, and International Relations.

George Solhan is currently a private consultant specializing in Science & Technology, Innovation, and Application; Operational Modernization needs, opportunities and imperatives; Special Operations Force/General Purpose Force Integration; and doing business with the Federal Government. Solhan recently retired from the Senior Executive Service, culminating a Federal Civil Service career of 23 years. For the last 9 years at the Office of Naval Research (ONR), he was the Deputy Chief of Naval Research for Expeditionary Maneuver Warfare and Combating Terrorism; the Department Head, ONR 30; and the Director of Marine Corps Science and Technology.  He was responsible for leading, managing, directing, and integrating an extensive Science and Technology program ($300+M annually) which consists of basic research, applied research and advanced technology development in a wide range of technical disciplines and warfare areas (including  Expeditionary, Maritime, Urban, Cyber, and Irregular Warfare)  in support of operational requirements of the Navy and Marine Corps. Solhan envisioned many innovation opportunities -disruptive as well as evolutionary. He formed and led teams to conduct strategic planning, obtain investment resources, build coalitions, and successfully develop and deliver technology breakthroughs in a number of areas, including C4, ISR, Firepower, Maneuver/Mobility/Counter-Mobility, Logistics, Force Protection/Survivability, Human Performance, Training and Education, Human Socio-Cultural/Behavioral Science, and Non-Lethal Weapons . These innovations will enable Sailors, Soldiers, and Marines to prevail in their mission and survive in battle. 

Solhan’s previous assignments include Deputy Director of Technology, Marine Corps Systems Command; Senior Research Scientist, Battelle Memorial Institute; and as a member of the Physics faculty at the Naval Academy and its Preparatory School. Solhan is a retired U.S. Marine Corps Officer with combat experience in the Republic of Vietnam and Infantry and Special Operations experience through the Regimental level.  His military decorations include the Purple Heart Medal, the Legion of Merit, and  the Meritorious Service Medal.

Solhan earned a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering at the University of Maryland; a M.S. in National Resource Strategy at the National defense University/Industrial College of the Armed Forces; and is a graduate of the Senior Acquisition Course of the Defense Acquisition University. He is a certified Level III Acquisition Professional. He is a National Security Decision-Making Fellow of the Maxwell School of Syracuse University, and a graduate of the Marine Corps Command and Staff College in Quantico, VA.  In addition, Solhan is a graduate of Executive Courses at the Elliot School of the George Washington University and the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.  Solhan is a recipient of the 2008 Presidential Rank Award and the Department of the Navy Distinguished Civilian Service Award.

Dr. Schmorrow was named a Potomac Institute Senior Fellow in October 2013. Dr. Schmorrow is currently the Chief Scientist at Soar Technology (SoarTech) where he is leading the advancement of research and technology tracks to build intelligent systems for defense, government, and commercial applications that emulate human decision making in order to make people more prepared, more informed and more capable.

Dr. Schmorrow is one of the nation’s leading experts on national security research, technology, and policy related to information technology, medical research, and human performance applications. He led numerous initiatives that transformed promising technologies into operational capabilities and he successfully transitioned several significant prototypes to operational use. He has extensive experience collaborating with all of the DoD Services and Components, the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, the Department of Homeland Security, the Intelligence Community, and other federal agencies, as well as partner nations and international organizations.

Dr. Schmorrow has extensive senior-level experience in human systems, information technology and autonomy for national security applications. He was a key architect of the DoD’s sociocultural behavior research and engineering strategy and helped define the role of autonomy in DoD systems while serving as the Executive Secretary for the DoD’s Defense Science Board Task Force. His past service includes the Deputy Director, Human Performance, Training, and BioSystems at the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Program Manager for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), Research Scientist and Branch Head at the Naval Air Warfare Center, Chief Scientist for Human-Technology Integration at the Naval Research Lab, Assistant Professor at the Naval Postgraduate School, Program Officer at the Office of Naval Research (ONR), and Executive Assistant to the Chief of Naval Research. He received a commission in the U.S. Navy in 1993 as a Naval Aerospace Experimental Psychologist and completed his naval flight training in April 1994. He retired as a U.S. Navy Captain in 2013 after twenty years of service where he was both an aerospace experimental psychologist and an acquisition professional leading research and development programs. He was also the U.S. National Leader for DoD's international participation involving the human sciences to enhance the human contribution to military systems performance through both The Technical Cooperation Program (TTCP) and the NATO Human Factors and Medicine (HFM) Panel.

Dr. Schmorrow holds a doctorate in Experimental Psychology from Western Michigan University and Masters Degrees in Psychology and Philosophy. He is also a Distinguished Alumni from the Naval Postgraduate School where he obtained Masters Degrees in Operations Research as well as Modeling, Virtual Reality and Simulation. He has authored over fifty scientific publications, lectured internationally in fifteen countries, edited over a dozen professional journals and books and has received alumni recognition from both his alma maters. He is a recipient of the Navy’s Top Scientists and Engineers Award, as well as both the Society of U.S. Naval Flight Surgeons’ Sonny Carter Memorial Award for his contributions to improve the health, safety and welfare of military operational forces and the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society’s Leland S. Kollmorgen Spirit of Innovation Award for his contributions to operational neuroscience that led to the founding of the field of Augmented Cognition. He is currently serving as the Scientific and Technical Advisor of the Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE) Conference Series, the Augmented Cognition Program Chair for the Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) International Conference Series, and is a Co-Editor of the Theoretical Issues of Ergonomics Science Journal. His military decorations include the Defense Superior Service Medal (2 awards), Legion of Merit, Meritorious Service Medal (3 awards), Navy Commendation Medal, Navy Achievement Medal, Armed Forces Service Medal, and NATO Medal

Ambassador David J. Smith is Senior Fellow  at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies in Arlington.  He is also Director of the Georgian Security Analysis Center (GSAC) at the Georgian Foundation for Strategic and International Studies in Tbilisi, Georgia.  His other areas of expertise include U.S. strategic missile defense, arms control, European security policy, and security relationships with China, Russia, and Korea. He also has in-depth experience in building effective security institutions in the South Caucasus region.

From 2002 to 2006 he was U.S. Member of the International Security Advisory Board, assisting Georgia to build democracy and establish functional national security institutions.  Earlier, President George H. W. Bush nominated Ambassador Smith to lead the U.S. – Soviet Defense and Space Talks. He was confirmed by the Senate and sworn in by Senator Bob Dole on September 21, 1989. He subsequently led the U.S. team that worked to negotiate an agreement to allow deployment of defenses against the growing threat of ballistic missiles until the demise of the Soviet Union in 1991.

From 2002 to 2005, Ambassador Smith was Chief Operating Officer of the National Institute for Public Policy. From 1993 to 2002, he was President of Global Horizons, Inc., consulting on defense, international security issues and overseas business development.  He previously served as Chief of Staff for Arizona Congressman Jon Kyl, Assistant for Strategic Policy and Arms Control to Senate Republican Leader Bob Dole, Professional Staff Member for the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations and International Negotiations Staff Officer for the Joint Chiefs of Staff.  His diplomatic experience includes service on U.S. delegations to negotiations on conventional forces, chemical weapons and space. He was a Major in the U.S. Air Force. 

Ambassador Smith’s articles have appeared in publications around the world.  He has contributed chapters to The Guns of August 2008, edited by Svante E. Cornell and S. Frederick Starr and #CyberDoc:No Borders—No Boundaries, edited by  Timothy R. Sample and Michael S. Swetnam.  Some recent articles include “Rouhani’s Rooster Tail,” co-authored with Bijan Kian and R. James Woolsey in The Hill and “Time to Confront China’s Cyber Espionage” in Defense News.  His presentation, Russian Cyber Capabilities, Policy and Practice, has been made to dozens of US and international audiences.

Ambassador Smith holds degrees from the University of Arizona, the London School of Economics and Harvard University.  He is a Ph.D. candidate at Ilia State University in Tbilisi, Georgia.

Alden V. Munson, Jr., Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow
Mr. Munson is an advisor to government and industry in defense and intelligence. He is a Senior Fellow and Member, Board of Regents at Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, and serves on the Defense Science Board. He was the Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Acquisition from May 2007 until July 2009. Previously he was a consultant in defense, space, and intelligence and was associated with the investment banking firm Windsor Group. He was Senior Vice President and Group Executive of the Litton Information Systems Group, leading information technology, command and control, and intelligence businesses for defense, intelligence, civil, commercial, and international customers. Mr. Munson was Vice President at TRW, in the System Integration Group, the Space and Electronics Group, and the Information Systems Group (the former TRW Credit Business). In these assignments, he led numerous space, intelligence, and information technology organizations and activities. He began his career at the Aerospace Corporation, where he provided system engineering support to many space and intelligence programs. Mr. Munson received a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering with distinction and departmental honors from San Jose State University (SJSU) and a master’s degree in mechanical engineering from the University of California, Berkeley. He later completed extensive coursework in computer science at University of California, Los Angeles and attended executive programs at Harvard (Competition and Strategy; National and International Security) and Stanford (Management of High Technology Enterprises). In 1997, he was named a Distinguished Graduate of the SJSU College of Engineering, and in 2000, the National Reconnaissance Office named Mr. Munson in the first group of Pioneers of National Reconnaissance. He received the National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal in 2009. Mr. Munson serves on the board of DigitalGlobe, a commercial imagery company. He was a founding director of Paracel Inc. (now part of Aplera) and has held board positions with bd Systems, the Armed Forces Communications Electronics Association (AFCEA), and the Manhattan Beach Education Foundation, and is an active member of the Intelligence and National Security Alliance (INSA).

Ms. Peggy Evans has broad experience in intelligence and defense across two branches of government, as well as in industry and non-profit think tanks. She has served at the CIA, at the Office of Management and Budget in the White House, and as Budget Director on the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. Since her retirement from government service, Ms. Evans has built on this unusual and varied experience and now serves as a Senior Fellow and a member of the Board of Regents at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies. She also runs a boutique consulting company specializing in strategic thinking and policy development.
At the Institute, Ms. Evans helps bring technical solutions and innovation to the national security community. Her projects have addressed a wide-ranging set of issues: ITAR, the changing intelligence analysis ecosystem, trusted semiconductors for defense programs, international intelligence sharing in counterterrorism, acquisition reform and classified programs. She has also worked with the Intelligence Community and the Department of Defense to identify commercial and novel solutions to immediate technology needs. Ms. Evans also works to identify nascent technologies and emerging capabilities to address critical mission gaps. She holds a TS/SCI clearance with polygraph.
As President of Evans Strategic Consulting (ESC), Ms. Evans works with government organizations and with companies that vary in size and scope from start-ups through medium-sized firms and up to prime integrators to meet mission needs, identify and invest in critical solutions and personnel, and create pathways to increased effectiveness. She donates a significant share of her time on a pro bono basis to small companies with new products and technologies that deserve consideration by the U.S. government national security sector. Finally, Ms. Evans advises Members of Congress on space architecture questions and other technical issues.
Ms. Evans retired from government after decades of experience in intelligence and national security programs in the Department of Defense, CIA, the White House and the Senate. As the Budget Director for the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence from 2009 to 2013, she developed thematic strategies for reviewing the roughly $70 billion intelligence budget in anticipation of a period of declining resources. During her tenure, the SSCI passed four bills in succession that were signed into law, after a drought of five years with no authorization act.
From 2002 to 2009, Ms. Evans founded and led companies that built green homes and provided environmentally sustainable consulting services to builders, facility managers and homeowners. She designed and developed homes on the Outer Banks and in the Washington, DC area. Her real estate company, Amour Properties, was EPA Energy Star-certified, and her homes were awarded the Green Home Choice designation.
Prior to her involvement in green building, Ms. Evans worked for two years at Electronic Data Systems. She began as director for business development, after which she joined the Navy Marine Corps Intranet Program (NMCI). She served as director of strategy and then led the testing team that conducted and completed live operational testing, working jointly with the NMCI operational team, the customer bases and air stations, and experts from the Institute of Defense Analyses.
Her service at the Office of Management and Budget from 1995-2000 focused on budget and programmatic oversight of the intelligence community and of the Department of Defense, culminating in her assignment as Acting Deputy Associate Director for National Security. Ms. Evans’ budgetary purview at the time exceeded $300 billion. She created and directed a novel means to prioritize and then identify funding for issues such as counterterrorism and critical infrastructure protection that cut across agency lines. Her leadership led to joint whole-of-government reviews with the National Security Council, the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Office of National Drug Control Policy.
During her 13 years at the Central Intelligence Agency starting in 1982, Ms. Evans played many roles, including performing and managing analysis, operations, and covert action programs. Later assignments concentrated on strategic planning, organizational change, and programmatic development and prioritization. She is a plank holder in the Counterterrorism Center, the Counterintelligence Center, the first Counterproliferation operations unit and is also the co-architect of a novel collection program.
Ms. Evans and her husband Roger Ney live in McLean, Virginia. They have six grown children. She spends her off hours with her family and enjoying her favorite activities, including soccer, reading, pottery, and residential design.

Eric Womble, Senior Fellow

Eric Womble brings many years of experience in the defense industry and the executive and legislative branches of the U.S. federal government to his role as a Senior Fellow.

Mr. Womble was an executive at Northrop Grumman Shipbuilding and Huntington Ingalls Industries from 2004 through 2012. He was initially responsible for the Large Deck Amphibious program and then the Advanced Capabilities Group that did R&D, strategic planning, advanced concepts and new business development for the Shipbuilding sector, which had $6 billion in annual sales. While at HII and Northrop Grumman Corporation, he also served in leading Corporate Programs Division. 

He has over 23 years of experience serving in the Executive and Legislative Branches of the United States federal government.  He became the National Security Advisor for Senator Trent Lott, Mississippi, in 1995.  He was instrumental in setting and passing legislation and appropriations that positively impacted the Department of Defense, its service members and their families.  He also coordinated all military, legislative and budget activities with the Pentagon, other Congressional offices, industry, academic institutions, the Senate Armed Services Committee and the Senate Defense and Military Construction Appropriations Subcommittees.

Mr. Womble also serves on the Board of Directors for Decision Sciences International Corporation, Juliet Marine Systems, Mississippi Ammunition Corporation and ELTA North America.

Eric Womble received his undergraduate degree in 1979 from the United States Naval Academy and was designated a Naval Flight Officer in 1980.  After his first squadron tour, he supported the Office of the CNO (OP‑81).  Concurrently, he earned an MBA from Marymount College of Virginia and served as a White House Social Aide for President Ronald Reagan. Following his tour in Washington, D.C., he was assigned as Flag Secretary to Commander Seventh Fleet in Yokosuka, Japan, assigned as a Fleet Replacement Instructor in Patrol Squadron THIRTY (VP‑30) and Operations Officer in Patrol Squadron FORTY‑NINE (VP‑49).

Mr. Womble served as principal  Executive Assistant to the Chief of Naval Research from 1992 to 1995. 

Michael Shank is the former Staff Director for Minority Members, House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, U.S. House of Representatives. 


Previously, Mr. Shank was the first NSA/CSS Representative to USCYBERCOM.  As the senior advisor, he provided technical knowledge, insight and leadership to optimize NSA/CSS enterprise support to USCYBERCOM and their service components.  Prior to that assignment, he served as the Deputy NSA Chief of Staff for Cyber and was responsible for Cyber Strategy and Policy and for NSA/CSS support to planning for USCYBERCOM.

He is viewed as an imaginative theorist and operational planner for the employment of Cyber and Intelligence operations. As a direct outcome of his contributions, the NSA/CSS and the U.S. CYBERCOMMAND served as key sources of technical expertise and operational capability for projecting power and conducting defense in cyberspace.

Mr. Shank served as Deputy Commander, Menwith Hill Station from July 2007 to 2009, providing overall NSA senior management for the largest field site and contingent of NSA personnel outside of Headquarters.  He served as an Associate Director of the NSA/CSS Threat Operations Center from August 2006 to July 2007; during that period, he was responsible for the development of the Cyber Initiative.  From February 2005 through July 2006, as NSA/CSS Representative Defense, he served as DIRNSA’s senior representative in the Pentagon and provided Cryptologic leadership and technical insight in support of Department of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Service Headquarters senior leadership.

Mr. Shank also served as Director, Information Operations Technology Center (IOTC) from April 2002 to February 2004.  The IOTC, established by the Secretary of Defense and the Director of Central Intelligence in March 1997, was a partnership through which the Defense and Intelligence communities worked together to improve the nation’s technical capabilities to conduct information operations.  Additionally, he established Network Attack Support Staff (NASS) as the permanent staff element of the U.S. Strategic Command’s Deputy Commander, Network Attack Planning and Integration, and he served as Chief of Staff to the Deputy Commander for Network Attack from August 2003 to February 2005.

Gordon Keiser, Senior Fellow

Gordon Keiser, USMC, retired as a colonel in 1989.  In 1959, he received a BA in history from the Virginia Military Institute and was commissioned as a Marine Corps second lieutenant. Later, while serving on NROTC duty at Tufts University in Medford, MA, he received an MA in political science in 1971.

His military training included: the Army Airborne, Navy SCUBA, and Army Ranger Courses; Military Assistance & Training Advisory Course; Amphibious Warfare School; Armed Forces Staff College; and the National War College. He served two combat tours in Vietnam, one with the Vietnamese Rangers and the second with the Vietnamese Marines.

Late in his military career, he served as the first Officer-In-Charge of the Special Operations Training Group at Camp Lejeune, NC,  and later as Commanding Officer of the 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit (Special Operations Capable). He retired from the Marine Corps as an infantry colonel in 1989.

After retirement, he worked from Jan. 2006 to Nov. 2012 as a senior engineer/analyst at the Marine Corps Warfighting Laboratory in Quantico, VA. From April 2000 to May 2005, he was Senior Editor, Proceedings magazine, and Deputy Seminar Manager at the U.S. Naval Institute, Annapolis, MD. From Sep. 1989 to March 2000, he was the Director of Operations and Deputy Seminar Manage at the Naval Institute.

Ken Hamilton

CAPT Ken Hamilton, USNR (Ret.), is a Senior Fellow of the Institute. He has had a distinguished career both as a naval officer and as an expert in DoD acquisition management.  He is the founder and President of the KENTIA Management Group, Inc (KTMG) a private engineering management consulting firm supporting various major DoD Acquisition Programs and industry clients.  He has served the principle strategic management advisor to ACAT I acquisition programs and served as a founding member and acquisition management subject matter expert for OSD’s Systems of Systems Center of Excellence (SOSECE), whose charter was to apply the latest tenets of systems science to the development of methodologies for streamlining the DoD acquisition process.  Mr. Hamilton is also the co-founder and President of Mission Technology Systems, LLC (MTS) which is the manufacturer of small tactical unmanned aerial systems (STUAS).

From 1984 to 1997, Mr. Hamilton specialized in rapid acquisition and mission support first for the U.S. Navy SEALs and later for the Joint Special Operations Forces (SOF) as the first senior technical advisor for maritime special operations to the Commander, U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM), Tampa, FL.  During this period, he attained DAWIA Level III certifications for Acquisition Program Manager and Systems Engineer. In 1998, Mr. Hamilton was detailed to the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) to lead a program aimed at eliminating the Navy’s time critical targeting shortfalls.  He also led a family of research projects for the Office of Naval Research (ONR) supporting the Navy’s “Command Center of the Future” and co-chaired the National Technology Alliance (NTA).  The NTA was a joint ONR/NIMA research program aimed at attracting leading edge technology developments from industry that the DoD would otherwise have no access to.

In 2003, Mr. Hamilton founded the KENTIA Management Group (KTMG), and he co-founded Mission Technology Systems (MTS) in 2011.  He currently supports the Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR), Patuxent River, MD in the rapid development and fielding of ISR technologies aimed at total integrated domain awareness for the war fighter.  Special emphasis is on the development of concepts of operations (CONOP) for both manned and unmanned aerial ISR capabilities and the subsequent development of the most expeditious methods for fielding these capabilities.

CAPT Hamilton’s military career included 30 years of active and reserve service following graduation from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1978.  A Surface Warfare Officer (SWO) by trade, his assignments included 30 years of progressive experience in a succession of line and staff positions of increasing responsibility. He served as the Air Defense Officer reporting to Commander, U.S. Second Fleet in response to the terrorist attacks of 9/11 and as the senior naval advisor the Commander, JTF KATRINA during the response to that disaster. He is a 1200+ hour instrument rated private pilot.  His decorations and awards include the Defense Superior Service Medal, the Legion of Merit, the Defense Meritorious Service Medal, the Meritorious Service Medal (with two Gold Stars), the Navy Commendation Medal (with one Gold Star), and various service and campaign awards.

Brian J. Morra is a Senior Fellow and Member of the Board of Regents of the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies. Mr. Morra serves as Sector Vice President, Strategic Planning, for the Electronic Systems Sector of Northrop Grumman Corporation.

Mr. Morra has more than 30 years of experience in general management, strategic planning, and business development in both defense and commercial industries. At present, he is responsible for strategy, mergers and acquisitions, and investment planning in Northrop Grumman Corporation’s most profitable business unit – the Electronic Systems Sector, which has annual revenues of about $8B. He is a member of the Northrop Grumman corporate Strategic Development Council, providing direct advice to the Northrop Grumman Chief Executive Officer and his immediate staff.

From 2006 through 2010, Mr. Morra was the Electronics Systems Sector’s Vice President for Business Development and Customer Relations. He led the Sector’s international and domestic marketing and all business development activities. During his first assignment with Northrop Grumman, he served as Vice President of Business Development in Northrop Grumman’s Mission Systems Sector.

Prior to joining Northrop Grumman in December 2004, Mr. Morra was General Manager of the Transformation & Simulation business unit at General Dynamics. This business grew at an annual rate of 35 percent under Mr. Morra’s leadership. Prior to the acquisition of Veridian Corporation by General Dynamics in 2003, he served for five years as President of Veridian’s Advanced Systems & Technology Sector – a high technology business with commercial and government clients. Mr. Morra also served 11 years as an executive at the privately held firm Pacific-Sierra Research Corporation. After a series of increasingly responsible management positions, Mr. Morra was appointed Senior Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of the company. Pacific-Sierra Research was acquired in 1998 by Veridian.

Mr. Morra’s government service includes a combined 15 years active and reserve duty in the U.S. Air Force as an intelligence officer. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree from the College of William & Mary, a Master’s degree in public administration from the University of Oklahoma, and a Master’s degree in government and national security studies from Georgetown University. He is a graduate of Harvard Business School’s Advanced Management Program and the Aspen Institute’s Executive Strategy Course. He attended the U.S. Air Force’s Air Command and Staff College and several additional military and government schools. He also has served as a faculty member at the Joint Military Intelligence College and at Air Command and Staff College.

Mr. Morra is a member of the advisory board at the University of Virginia’s School of Engineering and Applied Sciences. He is a member of the College of William and Mary’s Graduate School of Arts and Sciences Advisory Board. Mr. Morra is a director of the CEA Corporation, with headquarters in Canberra, Australia.

Gerold Yonas, PhD, is a Senior Fellow and a member of the Board of Regents.  Dr. Yonas serves as a Research Science Affiliate at the Mind Research Network in Albuquerque, NM.

Dr. Yonas joined the Mind Research Network in 2009, as the director of neurosystems engineering. In his current work, he is dedicated to creating the new fields of neurosystems engineering that links advances in neuroscience with systems engineering through interdisciplinary teams that focus on the development of solutions to complex system problems involving behavior, cognition and neurotechnology.

Previously, Dr. Yonas worked at the Sandia National Laboratories, where he served as vice president of Systems, Science and Technology, and later became Sandia's principal scientist and initiated Sandia's Advanced Concepts Group.  He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society and a Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.  He has received numerous honors including the US Air Force Medal for Meritorious Civilian Service and the Secretary of Defense Medal for Outstanding Public Service.

Dr. Yonas serves on several defense boards and is an adjunct professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of New Mexico.  He has published extensively in the fields of intense particle beams, inertial confinement fusion, strategic defense technologies, technology transfer, and "wicked engineering." He received his PhD in engineering science and physics at the California Institute of Technology.       

Lieutenant Commander Sean Brandes, USN, is Cyber Federal Executive Fellow for 2012-2013.

LCDR Brandes, a native of Staten Island, New York, graduated with honors from Arizona State University with a bachelor's degree in Psychology and was commissioned at Officer Candidate School in 1998.He earned his Information Warfare Officer designation during his initial tour at Navy Security Group Activity San Diego, where he deployed as a Cryptologic Direct Support Officer on the USS STETHEM (DDG 63), USS KITTY HAWK (CV 63) and USS BELLEAU WOOD (LHA-3), and served as the Fleet Cryptologic Augmentation Center and Cryptologic Readiness Group Division Officer.

Upon earning his Masters of Science degree in Computer Science and Joint Professional Military Education Phase I at the Naval Postgraduate School in 2003, LCDR Brandes reported to COMTHIRDFLT as the Assistant Information Operations Officer.  In 2005, he reported to Navy Information Operations Command Texas and served as the Fleet Information Operations Center Department Head and COMFOURTHFLT CTG 40.2’s Information Operations Mission Manager.  During this tour, he also deployed in support of OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM as the Deputy Officer-in-Charge of Cryptologic Services Group Baghdad, Multi-National Forces-Iraq.

LCDR Brandes reported to Expeditionary Strike Group Three in March 2009 and served as the Deputy Information Warfare Commander.  In addition, he deployed in support of OPERATION ENDURING FREEDOM as the Officer-in-Charge of Cryptologic Services Group Kandahar, Regional Command –South, International Security Assistance Force Afghanistan.  Upon returning from deployment, LCDR Brandes earned his Information Dominance Warfare qualification in January 2011.  

LCDR Brandes served as the Deputy Executive Assistant to the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Information Dominance/Director of Naval Intelligence.  Recently, LCDR Brandes was selected to the Navy Cyber Federal Executive Fellowship program and started his tenure at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies.  

His awards include the Defense Meritorious Service Medal (2 awards), Meritorious Service Medal, Navy Commendation Medal (4 awards), Navy Achievement Medal (2 awards) and various service and campaign awards.

Rashid A. Chotani, MD, MPH, DTM, is a Senior Fellow of the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies.  Dr. Chotani has over twenty years of experience as a leader, primary investigator, professor, program manager, and scientist in academia, government, the Department of Defense, and industry. He utilizes his expertise in medicine, public health, infectious and chronic diseases, epidemiology, vaccine/therapeutic sciences, microbiology, disaster mitigation, bioinformatics, biodefense/biosurveillance and management skills to guide science and technology initiatives to develop novel solutions for effectively dealing with current and future scientific challenges. He analyzes and defines highly complex problems and architectures, develops approaches, investigates and synthesizes fully integrated solutions applicable to the needs of an organization, and plans implementation.

Dr. Chotani currently serves as the Director of Chemical-Biological Defense Programs at TASC. In this capacity he also is the Program Manager on the CB Task Order as well as the Chief Scientist to CBTD-J9 at DTRA. From 2008-2010 he served as the Chief Scientist to the Joint Project Manager - Chemical Biological Medical Systems (JPM-CBMS), US Department of Defense. He was responsible for leading joint service, interagency (DoD & Civilian including HHS), international teams of scientists in developing, acquiring and fielding Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved CBRN medical countermeasures (vaccines/therapeutics) and diagnostics.

In 1996-97, while at the Maryland Department of Health & Mental Hygiene (DHMH), he developed the HL-7 Specifications for Electronic Laboratory-Based Reporting of Public Health Information, which has now become a CDC standard. Dr. Chotani previously served as an Assistant Professor and Director of the Global Infections Disease Surveillance and Alert System (GIDSAS) at the School of Medicine and Public Health at Johns Hopkins University (JHU) from 2001 to 2006 where his main research focus was infectious diseases & surveillance in Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Iran, Iraq and Jordan. During this time he also served as the medical director of several relief teams, including the Canadian Tsunami Relief Team in Indonesia, the Tsunami Relief Team in Sri Lanka and the Earthquake Relief Team in Pakistan. From 2006-2008 he served the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) as a Senior Science Advisor providing technical and programmatic support to the Chemical Biological Directorate, Joint Science & Technology Office. As a result of his initiatives a new capability area “Bioinformatics,” was incorporated into the Directorate.

Dr. Chotani is an Adjunct Assistant Professor at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USUHS) in the Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Associate at the Center for Global Health at Johns Hopkins University and a Mentor to the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health. He serves the Office of the Maryland Governor as a Member of the Pandemic Influenza Coordinating Committee; Senator Ben Cardin’s Health Advisory Committee; and the Martin Luther King Jr. Day Celebration Commission of Howard County.

Dr. Chotani received his MD from the Eugenio Maria de Hostos School of Medicine in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic in 1991, his MPH (1996) and Diploma in Tropical Medicine (2000) from the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health. He received formal training in disciplines of Vaccine Sciences (School of Public Health), Biomedical Engineering (Applied Physics Laboratory) and Hospital Epidemiology (JHU Hospital) at the Johns Hopkins University.

Francis Landolf is a Senior Fellow and a member of the Board of Regents.  He currently serves as a Principal with Core Consulting, LLC.

Mr. Landolf created Core Consulting to match private sector solutions with public sector problems by applying innovation from small, sometimes obscure companies. He is an advisor to a number of small innovative product companies that are addresssing, or have the potential to address, both Government and commercial applications. Mr. Landolf  has performed coaching and leadership development for both private and public sector executives and teams. He is also a member of the Technical Advisory Group for the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, and serves on the National Security Agency Advisory Board. He is an advisory board member of the Cyber Incubator at University of Maryland Baltimore County and Mission Link.

Before his most recent career as a “matchmaker,” Mr. Landolf led public sector organizations responsible for delivering time-critical services essential for informed military and national- level decisions for the National Security Agency. The organizations he created and led performed analysis of signals, communications systems and computer networks.  They also developed and deployed the processing solutions that transformed network and communications data into a form that could be used by intelligence analysts.  In recognition of his accomplishments, he was awarded the Exceptional Civilian Service Award by the National Security Agency in 2005, and received the Meritorious Executive Presidential Rank Award in 2004.

Mr. Landolf holds a BA from the State University of New York, an MS from Clarkson University and an MA from the University of Kentucky, all in Mathematics. He completed an executive leadership program at Northwestern University’s Kellogg School and is a graduate of the National Security Leadership Course, a partnership between the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University and the Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University.

David W. Machuga, PhD,  is a Senior Fellow of the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies. Dr. Machuga is the President and CEO of ELTA North America, a leading defense electronics company.

Dr. Machuga brings significant experience in technology development, electromagnetic sensors and integrated solutions.  His background in program execution in Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance (ISTAR), Early Warning and Control, Homeland Security (HLS), Self-Protection and Self-Defense, Fire Control, and Space mission segments is based on 14 years of engineering, program management, and large program recovery efforts.

Prior to assuming his current responsibilities for ELTA North America, Dr. Machuga served in executive positions at Northrop Grumman Corporation, where he had increasing management responsibilities.  Most recently, he led the strategy and technology for the Biometric and RFID lines of business.  Previously, he was responsible for the advanced technology business unit for Homeland Defense/Security as well as Distributed Engineering / and EW Program Operations where he managed over 700 employees at seven sites around the US.

Dr. Machuga earned his PhD in Electrical Engineering (EE), MSEE, and BSEE degrees from the Pennsylvania State University, and also serves as an adjunct professor for his alma mater.

Scott Laidig is a co-founder of VisiCom Laboratories, the founder of the history website, and the biographer of General Al Gray, 29th Commandant of the Marine Corps and the Chairman of the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies' Board of Regents.

Mr. Laidig graduated with an AB in History from Ohio State in 1965, and was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the US Marine Corps. He joined the 2nd Battalion, 4th Marines in February 1966. After Vietnam in 1967, with the rank of Captain, he was sent to the Russian course at the Defense Language Institute and subsequently assigned to Company E, Marine Support Battalion in Kami Seya and then Misawa, Japan. He completed seven reconnaissance missions aboard submarines of the Pacific Fleet. One mission was made famous in Sherry Sontag’s best-selling book about Soviet-American submarine operations, Blind Man’s Bluff.

Mr. Laidig left the Marine Corps in 1974 to work for two defense contractors before starting his own firm in 1982. He co-founded VisiCom Laboratories in 1989. Mr. Laidig met Gen Al Gray when the General joined VisiCom as a Director following his retirement in 1991. VisiCom grew to an organization with revenues approaching $60M when it was sold to Titan Corporation in 1997.

Mr. Laidig earned a Master's Degree in History from American Military University in 1995.  Retiring from corporate life, he founded, which was donated to Ohio State in 2004 and remains a popular history website at In 2007, Mr. Laidig began writing a partial biography of Gen Gray. The Potomac Institute Press will publish Al Gray, Marine: Volume 1, The Early Years, 1950-1967 in 2012.  Mr. Laidig is currently completing Volume 2, which covers 1968-1975; Volume 2 should be published in 2013.

Michael W. Powers is a Senior Fellow of the Institute. Mr Powers most recently served as the Technical Director for Geospatial Research and Engineering within the US Army Engineer Research and Development Center.

Prior to joining the Institute, Mr. Powers gained 30 years of increasing responsibility and leadership in Department of Defense related research, development, technical management and thought leadership, addressing Command and Control (C2), Military Intelligence and Geospatial Intelligence requirements and capability solutions. Within this area of expertise, specific focus and research was devoted to soldier and Marine decision-making processes as well as information and knowledge management.

Mr. Powers served as the Technical Director for Geospatial Research and Engineering within the US Army Engineer Research and Development Center from 2006 through 2011.  Prior to that position, his career in technical program development and management within the Army and at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency resulted in the successful development, transition and fielding of decision aids and analytic tools supporting missions ranging from small unit operations through strategic ballistic missile defeat.

Mr. Powers attended the Federal Executive Institute residency program, where he developed and later applied skills in effective team formation, team innovation and group problem-solving and individual and team mentoring. These skills also proved effective in performing the evaluation of organizational effectiveness as related to an organization's mission, objectives, processes and operations.

Mr. Powers received his B.S. from Salisbury State University in Geography and his graduate studies were at the University of Maryland and the University of Virginia in Geography and Systems Engineering, respectively.  Mr. Powers is the recipient of the Army's Meritorious Civilian Service Award, Superior Civilian Service Award and the Bronze De Fleury Medal for his contributions to the Engineer Regiment.

Lt. Gen. Donald C. Wurster, USAF (Ret.) is a Senior Fellow and Member of the Board of Regents.  Lt. Gen. Wurster retired in August, 2011 from his post as Commander, Air Force Special Operations Command, Hurlburt Field, Florida.

As AFSOC Commander, Lt. Gen. Wurster had oversight of the Air Force component of US Special Operations Command, providing Air Force Special Operations Forces for worldwide deployment and assignment to unified combatant commanders. The command has approximately 16,000 active-duty, Reserve, Air National Guard and civilian professionals.

Lt. Gen. Wurster was born in Washington, DC, and was commissioned in 1973 upon graduation from the US Air Force Academy.  In 1974, he completed undergraduate helicopter training at Fort Rucker, Ala. He has commanded special operations forces at the squadron, group, wing and subunified command level, and served as commander of all US forces assigned to Joint Task Force-510 during Operation Enduring Freedom - Philippines. Prior to his AFSOC command, he served as AFSOC Vice Commander. Lt. Gen. Wurster is a command pilot with more than 4,000 flying hours, including assignments in both rescue and special operations.

In addition to receiving his Bachelor of Science degree from the Air Force Academy, Lt. Gen. Wurster received his MA from Webster University and is a distinguished graduate of the Air Command and Staff College, and a graduate of the Air War College and Industrial College of the Armed Forces.

Harold B. (Buck) Adams, Brigadier General, USAF (Ret.), is a Senior Fellow of the Institute.

Mr. Adams began his career as a combat pilot in the United States Air Force during the Vietnam war, where he flew 137 air combat missions. He has over 4,000 hours in a variety of aircrafts. In 1974, he set the World Speed Record between London and Los Angeles of 3 hours and 47 minutes in the SR-71 Blackbird. Prior to departing the USAF he served in command and other leadership positions at the Squadron, Group and Wing level. As the Dyess AFB Vice Wing Commander and then as the Ellsworth AFB Wing Commander, he led their successful conversion to the new B-1B nuclear strike bomber. He was the Commanding General of Cheyenne Mountain, the nation’s largest nuclear command and control center. He served as the Deputy Director of the Pentagon Joint Staff J-8 office and was responsible for developing the first integrated Services Budget for the Chairman (General Colin Powell) and Secretary of Defense (The Honorable Richard Cheney). Following his 26-year military career, he joined GTE Spacenet as the Vice President for Engineering and Operations and was responsible for the successful design, installation and operations of digital communications networks (satellite, cellular, paging) for 45 newly-developed and separate companies in the emerging markets of China, Russia, Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland. For the past several years, he has worked with DoD senior leaders and technologists identifying and developing advanced technical capabilities. He is currently involved in efforts to develop a new jet turbine engine that promises to be 25% to 35% more fuel efficient and to significantly increase operational flexibility.

He earned his Master’s of Science degrees in Systems Management from the University of California in 1974 and in Public Administration from Auburn in 1975.  He was awarded an Honorary Doctorate degree from the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology in 1989. He completed the Harvard Senior Executive Program in 1990.

James L. Armitage is a Senior Fellow of the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies. Mr. Armitage is the former Vice President and Sector Chief Technology Officer for Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems, where he was responsible for the Sector’s overall technology strategy and development plans.

Mr. Armitage’s career began as a design engineer in the Antenna and Microwave department at Westinghouse, where he pioneered the development of low observable apertures and active electronically scanned arrays. His technical leadership led to a number of roles in business development and program management. During his 36 years of experience with Westinghouse and Northrop Grumman, he served in a variety of executive and leadership roles.
In 1984, Mr. Armitage received the IEEE Aerospace Electronic Systems Society Centennial Key to the Future Award as the Outstanding Young Engineer. He also served on the Defense Science Board Global Surveillance task force and is a member of the IEEE International Radar Conference board, serving as treasurer in 1995 and as General Chairman for the 2010 Conference.

In 1998, he completed the Harvard University General Manager Program. Mr. Armitage earned his Bachelor of Science degree in electrical engineering from Ohio State University in 1975 and a Master of Science degree in Applied Physics from Johns Hopkins University in 1980.


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The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies is an independent, 501(c)(3), not-for-profit public policy research institute. The Institute identifies and aggressively shepherds discussion on key science and technology issues facing our society. From these discussions and forums, we develop meaningful science and technology policy options and ensure their implementation at the intersection of business and government.


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