Articles

Charles Herzfeld, Ph.D., Senior Fellow and Member, Board of Regents

At present, the Honorable Dr. Charles Herzfeld is a Senior Fellow at the Institute and is a member of the Board of Regents. He also consults for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), and the National Intelligence Council. In the past he has consulted for the Los Alamos National Laboratory; Arete, Inc. of Sherman Oaks, CA; Digital Systems International, Arlington, VA.; the Sandia National Laboratory, Applied Minds Corporation of Glendale CA; and the Northrop-Grumman Corporation.

From mid 1991 to January 1992, Dr. Herzfeld served as full time Senior Consultant to the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, in the Executive Office of the President, reporting jointly to the Assistant to the President for Science and Technology and to the Assistant to the President for National Security. He helped formulate recommendations to President Bush regarding national security, defense technology and counter-proliferation matters.

From early 1990 to mid 1991, he served as Director of Defense Research and Engineering of the Department of Defense, having been nominated by President Bush and confirmed by the U.S. Senate. In this capacity he directed the Department of Defense programs in Research, Development, Testing and Evaluation. He also supervised the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), and the Defense Nuclear Agency. He was Chairman of the Nuclear Weapons Council, and of the Intelligence R&D Council. During his tenure he helped develop and see into the Budget the High Performance Computing and Communications Initiative of the U.S. Government.

Beginning in 1985, until he joined the Defense Department in 1990, he was Vice Chairman of Aetna, Jacobs and Ramo Technology Ventures, a high technology venture capital group. He participated in the finding and selection for funding, of "hi-tech" companies, and assisted these companies with solving their management problems. He served on a number of Boards of Directors, including those of Memorex N.V., a large international supplier of computer equipment; of T Cell Sciences Inc., a biomedical company providing genetically engineered pharmaceuticals; of Aware Inc., a computer company specializing in high performance computer applications of wavelet theory, a recent, important mathematical discovery; of Coordination Technology Inc., a firm devoted to the development of the first significant software type called now "group-ware"; and of the Hecht-Nielsen Corporation, a computer company developing applications of artificial neural networks. He was a member of the Senior Advisory Group to the Chairman of the Contel Corporation, assisting the Chairman with solving business strategy problems involving the use of computing and communications technology.

From 1981 to 1985, Dr. Herzfeld was corporate vice-president of the ITT Corporation, a large, diversified, multi-national company. In this position he directed the corporate programs of research and technology in ITT. These programs were carried out in some twelve laboratories in ten different countries, including the U.S., Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Spain. Under his direction, the research and technology programs of the corporation were refocused and expanded significantly, particularly in the areas of microelectronics (VLSI), fiber optics, electronic systems, advanced software, and engineering materials. Earlier, from 1967 to 1980, he served variously as Technical Director of the Defense-Space Group, of the Aerospace, Electronics, Components and Energy Group, and of the Telecommunications, North America Group of the ITT Corporation.

He was Director of the Advanced Research Projects Agency, ARPA from 1965 to 1967, and Deputy Director from 1963 to 1965. He directed the Ballistic Missile Defense Program of ARPA from 1961 to 1963. While at ARPA, he advocated the start and supervised the beginning of the ARPANET (the predecessor of Internet), the development of the ILLIAC IV (the first massively parallel computer with 64 parallel processors), and a variety of other "hi-tech" programs. Before he came to ARPA, he served at the National Bureau of Standards, the Naval Research Laboratory and the Army Ballistic Research Laboratory.

He has served on a number of advisory boards, notably the Defense Science Board from 1968 to 1983, the Defense Policy Board from 1983 to 1990, and the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) Executive Panel from 1970 to 2000. He served on the National Security Advisory Board of the Los Alamos National Laboratory. He is Senior Adjunct Fellow of the Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC. From 1994 to 1996 he chaired the Applications Subpanel of the GII (Global Information Infrastructure) Panel. President Reagan appointed him in 1985 to the National Commission on Space. He has chaired Task Force studies for the CNO Executive Panel on Stealth applications and on Technology Surprise. He was vice-chair of a National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council study of DoD Command and Control, Communications and Intelligence programs from 1996 to 1998. He chaired the Senior Advisory Group of the Navy 21 Study of the National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council. He was a member of the Technology Review Board of Hong Kong from 1992 to 1994. He was a member of an NAS/NRC study of R&D for the Department of Justice in 1976 to 1978.

Dr. Herzfeld is a member of the Council of Foreign Relations, of the International Institute for Strategic Studies (London), and is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

He has written and lectured extensively on technical and policy matters. Recent publications include "The world in 2020, what will it be like" in the February 2001 issue of iMP, "Defending the Infrastructure" in the September 1999 issue of iMP (an on-line journal), "The Information Age is upon us, what will it be like?", Los Alamos report, LA-UR99-1091, and "Technology and National Security", in the Washington Quarterly, Summer 1989. He has testified extensively before key committees of the U.S. Congress on technology and defense issues. He is a member of the Cosmos Club of Washington D.C., and of the Explorers Club of New York.

Charles Herzfeld received a Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry from the University of Chicago in 1951.