Books

turleyCoverThe Potomac Institute Press is pleased to announce that The Journey of a Warrior: The Twenty-Ninth Commandant of the U.S. Marine Corps (1987-1991): General Alfred Mason Gray, Second Edition by Gerald H. Turley is now available. Click here to purchase the paperback and Kindle versions. 

"The Journey of a Warrior" tells the inspiring story of a truly unique Marine who became a brilliant combat leader and achieved international prominence. General Alfred Mason Gray, US Marine Corps, was a loner by nature, and many of his peers considered him to be a maverick. At the same time, having established himself as a military intellectual of remarkable insight, he became an icon to service personnel of all ranks, as well as many prominent defense officials, politicians, and scholars. General Gray was a critical force behind the changes needed to prepare Marines for the new millennium. He is now recognized as one of the finest Commandants in fifty years. The Journey of a Warrior brings to the fore the journey of a most unusual individual: a warrior, a leader, a thinker, and a patriot. lt is not written as a biography but rather as a retrospective of a unique marine whose impact on his institution was both untraditional and perhaps under appreciated. The Marine Corps is better for his unselfish and dedicated journey to faithfully serve his country.

Brigadier General Edwin H. Simmons, USMC Retired, Marine Corps Historian Emeritus, appears to have best captured General Gray’s character when he wrote, “General Al Gray is imaginative, iconoclastic, articulate, charismatic, and compassionate. His Marines love him.”

About The Author

Now retired, Colonel Gerald H. Turley, US Marine Corps, enlisted during the Korean War, served two tours in the Vietnam War, was wounded in action, and received thirteen personal combat decorations. He served as a special consultant to two Secretaries of the Navy and six Marine Corps Commandants from 1987 to 2010. He and his wife, Bunny, reside near Hilton Head, South Carolina. He is also the author of "The Easter Offensive: Vietnam, 1972."

About The Potomac Institute

The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies is an independent, 501(c)(3), not-for-profit public policy research institute. The Institute identifies and aggressively shepherds discussion on key science, technology, and national security issues facing our society, providing in particular, an academic forum for the study of related policy issues. From these discussions and forums, we develop meaningful policy options and ensure their implementation at the intersection of business and government. For further information see www.potomacinstitute.org

 

The Potomac Institute is Pleased to Announce the Release of:

It's the Ideology: How to Defeat Islamist Terrorism Once and for All
by David M. Eneboe

Its the Ideology Cover Small

 

The terrorism embraced by the likes of Islamic State and Al-Qaeda emanates from their common Islamist ideology of hate and intolerance. Kill that ideology and we kill the terrorism that it breeds. But, we cannot kill ideas with bombs and bullets – we can only kill them with better ideas. And since the handful of Al-Qaeda extremists who first attempted to target US interests in 1992 has now grown to over 30,000 in Islamic State alone, what Washington has been doing clearly has not been working. Our strategic victory against Islamist terrorism is all but certain; the only variable in the equation is the human and material cost from our policy missteps and mistakes. Yet even after a quarter century of conflict, Washington still does not have a solid strategy for winning the war against Islamist terrorism. It’s the Ideology offers what our leaders have not – a fresh, bold, and clear six-step plan to muzzle our enemies; win the information war; turn failing states around; be smarter in our use of military force; substitute failed conventionalism with bold, twenty-first century approaches; strip Islamism of any religious legitimacy; and, ultimately, prevent future generations of terrorists. This book delivers a specific, real-world strategy to permanently defeat Islamist terrorism once and for all. This is a book about victory. It is a roadmap for restoring America’s global statesmanship and leadership written by a fresh voice with an experienced perspective.

Paperback and Kindle now available on Amazon.

 

 

 

 

About the Author

David M. Eneboe graduated from the 47-week Arabic language course at the prestigious Defense Language Institute as a young Marine in December 1975. He graduated at the top of his class, with honors, and in the four decades since that achievement, he has had ample opportunities to apply his education. Following language training, Mr. Eneboe received technical training in the signals intelligence (SIGINT) field as a Voice Intercept Operator (the Marine Corps now calls its language graduates Cryptologic Linguists). He was subsequently assigned to 2nd Marine Division, Force Troops, 2nd Radio Battalion at Camp Lejeune, NC. Consistent with the expeditionary nature of the Marines, Mr. Eneboe was continuously deployed domestically, abroad, and aboard ship for nearly the entire period of his assignment to the battalion. After his honorable discharge from the Marines, Mr. Eneboe’s position required him to routinely brief Senior US Officials, such as Ambassadors and cleared members of visiting Congressional Delegations. Mr. Eneboe was certified in Arabic as a Language Analyst in 1990 and he was awarded numerous honors and citations, including an NSA Letter of Appreciation for his contributions during Desert Shield/Desert Storm, and a Most Valuable Player award from his component. In the early nineties, the author returned to the United States after an unexpected tragedy made family considerations a higher priority. He founded Sahara Consulting Services and began working as a contract Arabic linguist for the intelligence community and that relationship grew to include various special projects and collection/reporting responsibilities focused on counterterrorism and counterproliferation. He was instrumental in pioneering early Internet research tradecraft and received a personal commendation from the Director of the Foreign Broadcast Information Service (now the Open Source Center) for his work on Mideast counterproliferation. In addition to his work for the intelligence community, Mr. Eneboe also provides translation and other services to commercial clients. In his leisure time, he is an active pilot and aircraft owner who enjoys flying for charitable and humanitarian causes. He and his wife live and work in Arizona.

About the Potomac Institute

The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies is an independent, 501(c)(3), not-for-profit public policy research institute. The Institute identifies and aggressively shepherds discussion on key science, technology, and national security issues facing our society, providing in particular, an academic forum for the study of related policy issues. From these discussions and forums, we develop meaningful policy options and ensure their implementation at the intersection of business and government. For further information see www.potomacinstitute.org. Media inquires please contact: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., 703-525-0770. Follow us on Twitter: @PotomacInst

The Potomac Institute is Pleased to Announce the Release of:

AL GRAY, MARINE

The Early Years, 1968-1975, Volume 2

by Scott Laidig

5SeptAGM2PBFrontCoverSm

The Potomac Institute Press is pleased to announce that AL GRAY, MARINE: The Early Years, 1968-1975; Volume 2 by Scott Laidig is now available in paperback and Kindle versions from Amazon.com.

Most people know General Al Gray as the 29th Commandant of the Marine Corps. His achievements as a transformational Commandant are legendary within the Marine Corps and the military services. The "Al Gray, Marine" series tells the story of this unique and charismatic leader.

Al Gray, Marine: The Early Years 1950-1967, Vol.1 tells the story of General Gray's time as an enlisted Marine and junior officer. Volume 2 tells the story of his time as a field grade officer, including his important role in the Vietnam War.

From establishing innovative intelligence operations in Vietnam, through his leadership during the evacuation of Saigon in 1975, Al Gray's story is exceptional. A unique, charismatic leader, he built a reputation as a tough but fair commander of infantry units, and through the challenges of drug use and racism in the Marine Corps in the 1970s.

This authorized biography is a fascinating personal account of a Marine Corps legend. Scott Laidig was awarded the Marine Corps Heritage Foundation's esteemed Colonel Joseph Alexander Prize for Best Biography of the Year for 2014 for Al Gray, Marine: The Early Years 1950-1967, Vol.1.

 

 

Paperback, Harback, and ebook now available on Amazon
All net proceeds will be donated to the Injured Marine Semper Fi Fund (www.semperfifund.org)

 

 

About the Author: Scott Laidig

Scott Laidig is a decorated Marine combat veteran of Vietnam. Also a Russian linguist, he served on US Pacific Fleet submarines, earning his 15 seconds of fame in the book "Blind Man's Bluff." Scott worked as a defense contractor until his retirement in 1998. He is currently working on a co-authored Volume 3 of the Al Gray, Marine series.

About the Potomac Institute

The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies is an independent, 501(c)(3), not-for-profit public policy research institute. The Institute identifies and aggressively shepherds discussion on key science, technology, and national security issues facing our society, providing in particular, an academic forum for the study of related policy issues. From these discussions and forums, we develop meaningful policy options and ensure their implementation at the intersection of business and government. For further information see www.potomacinstitute.org. Media inquires please contact: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., 703-525-0770. Follow us on Twitter: @PotomacInst

In this breakthrough book, General Al Gray and Dr. Paul Otte provide a new model for achieving a higher level of leadership. This book validates the struggles of the Conflicted Leader – one who must lead individuals and organizations as our world moves through ever-evolving waves of change. But, the authors do more than address what many leaders today are experiencing. They propose a new way of making a difference though Vantage Leadership, defined as the ability to embrace uncertainty, see the possible over the probable, remain conceptual through conflict, and more.

“If you only look for leadership in the usual places, you will only find the usual leadership.”

FrontCoverOtte800web


PRAISE FOR

The Conflicted Leader and Vantage Leadership

“In 1989, the U.S. Marine Corps promulgated a small book entitled Warfighting for all Marines. The intent was to describe General Al Gray’s philosophy on warfighting and to encourage leaders at all levels to use the Maneuver Warfare concepts and values as a way of thinking to meet the challenges of both combat and life. Now General Gray and Dr. Paul Otte have taken these principles and applied them to the everyday challenges of leadership in a complex and uncertain world.  Understanding and using the concepts in this book will serve well all who aspire to lead and succeed at any level”

– Brent Scowcroft
Air Force Lt. General (Ret) and former National Security Advisor to President Gerald Ford and President George H.W. Bush

“General Al Gray’s leadership profoundly changed the US Marine Corps, US policy, and the way the US Military fights today in hundreds of ways. His unique form of leadership inspires all who come in contact with him. General Gray and Dr. Paul Otte have successfully outlined these principles of leadership in a fashion that will continue to inspire and guide people for generations to come.”

– Michael S. Swetnam
CEO and Chairman
Potomac Institute for Policy Studies

The Conflicted Leader and Vantage Leadership provides a fresh perspective to the study of leadership, providing a basis for developing leadership concepts, ideas, and ideals that apply to you. This book is a “must read” for the serious student of leadership.

– Robert L. Bailey
Retired CEO, Chairman and President – State Auto Insurance Companies
Author of “Plain Talk About Leadership”

“The Marine Warfighting philosophy published by General Gray in 1989 contains concepts, values, and wisdom that helped transform the Marine Corps. Now, General Gray and his writing partner Dr. Paul Otte have captured these thoughts in a superb book. If you want to know why the Marines win – read this. You can us the same principles in your in your business or professional life.”

– David C. Miller, Jr.
Ambassador of the United Sates (Retired) 
and former Special Assistant to President George H. W. Bush

“General Gray and Dr. Otte have advanced significantly the discourse on leadership for our modern age. Happily, one will not find in this work any endorsement of manipulative leadership so in evidence today, with its reliance on testing issues and words through focus groups before positions are articulated and ‘leadership’ is sounded through a false trumpet.”

– Norman G. Mosher, Capt, USN (Retired)
and former Professional Staff Member,
United States Senate Committee on Armed Services

“We owe General Gray and Dr. Otte great thanks for bringing us a very clear and convincing description of the U.S. Marine Corps’ extraordinary success in creating leaders and a culture of leadership throughout the organization. The military genuinely believes there is potential in most people. It is that profound belief that allows them to fully develop everyone’s potential.”

– Judith M. Bardwick
Author of “Danger in the Comfort Zone” and “In Praise of Good Business” 

 IslamicStateFlyer Page 1

 IslamicStateFlyer Page 2

grayismsThe Potomac Institute for Policy Studies is proud to announce the release of Grayisms, compiled Dr. Paul Otte. This book presents stories, experiences and reminisces of General Al Gray, USMC (Retired) 29th Commandant of the Marine Corps.


Grayisms are the embodiment of simplicity and capture recurring statements made by the General during his 41 year career in the Marine Corps and in subsequent years. General Gray’s love of his Marines along with the Sailors who serve with them and how much they love and respect him in return, shines through Grayisms. He has great admiration for all our Armed Forces. 

Often one to shun head tables and staff cars for mess halls and jeeps, General Gray is a true leader to the Marines serving, not under, but beside him. He has never missed an opportunity to talk with the troops and is always eager to hear about what is happening on and off the field.  The Grayism exemplified in this philosophy is, “Leaders must truly care more about the people they lead than themselves.” Even as a Commandant, he has never lost his “enlisted” mentality when it comes to caring for his Marines.

General Gray transformed the Marine Corps with his unique leadership, but his greatest legacy and source of happiness is the people he helped develop along the way, many who followed in his footsteps as Commandants, Generals, and leaders at all levels. Know that this book’s collection of stories is not complete. Ask any Marine that served with the General to tell you about him.  Odds are they will have a story, or a Grayism, to share with you.  “We were able to gain greater insight into this very special Marine who ‘took what he got, and made what he wanted.’ This book is a compilation of the many sayings we have heard and heard repeated, as they have been shared from one Marine to another”, commented Paul Otte.

About General Gray:
In 1991, after 41 years of service, General Gray retired from the U.S. Marine Corps. He has faithfully served around the world, including Korea, Japan, and Vietnam.  Leaving most of us in the dust, General Gray has not slowed down since retirement. He has served on several public and private corporate boards and is the past Board Chairman of three public companies and three private companies. The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies is honored to have General Gray serve as a Senior Fellow, a Chairman of the Board of Regents and a member of the Board of Directors. From 2004-2014, General Gray served as Chairman of the Semper Fi Fund, which helps wounded warriors and their families. 

Find your inspiration and favorite leadership quotes in Grayisms today. 

For media inquiries or to schedule an interview, please contact Kathryn Schiller Wurster at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or call 1-703-525-0770. 

Hon. Tevi Troy, PhD, Senior Fellow’s book comes at the right time. U.S. Health Policy: An Insider’s Perspective thoughtfully assembles articles that Dr. Troy has written in publications ranging from The New Atlantis to The Wall Street Journal. He cohesively covers a number of subjects including Obamacare implementation, the government’s ability to impose its electronic medical records plan, biopreparedness, life science innovation, and Medicaid and Medicare.

Dr. Troy has travelled the world, representing both the Department of Heath and Human Services and the U.S. government as an ambassador for U.S. health care policy. In doing so, he was able to develop a better understanding of how to convey messages to a wide variety of people, “You can have the best policies in the world but they will not do any good if no one knows about them.”

http://www.amazon.com/U-S-Health-Policy-Insiders-Perspective/dp/0989855627

The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies is pleased to present Alternative Futures for Corrosion and Degradation Research. This book, authored by study lead Dr. Robert Hummel, Chief Scientist of the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, arose out of a study conducted for the Office of Corrosion Policy and Oversight (CPO) of the Office of the Secretary of Defense on research directions for alternative futures for corrosion and degradation. 

Alternative Futures for Corrosion and Degradation Research offers a road map for novel research directions that could lead to dramatic changes in how the nation views and deals with corrosion and degradation problems.  Corrosion is a national problem that goes beyond the rusting of metal. The issues associated with corrosion and degradation are responsible for more than one trillion dollars in annual national expenditures.  This study outlined new approaches and technologies to materials sustainment, which could lead to reduced maintenance requirements and planned lifetimes for systems.

Alternative Futures for Corrosion and Degradation Research sparks the discussion of functional advances in corrosion control, including development of new materials and coatings, as well as novel systems engineering approaches to mitigate corrosion effects in systems throughout their lifecycle.  Materials sustainment approaches include “the portfolio of long-range research programs should group programs that address the design and production phase, other programs that address the development of new materials and coatings, and other programs that address inspection and maintenance of systems.”

Click to Purchase

Click Here for Kindle Ebook Version

 

Daniel J. Dunmire, the Director of Corrosion Policy and Oversight for the Department of Defense, said, “This book maps an innovative approach in battling corrosion and supporting new ideas in material sustainment.”

###

Technical Contact: Robert Hummel, PhD, Chief Scientist, Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Media Contact: Kathryn Schiller Wurster, Chief of Staff, Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Robert Hummel, PhD, is the Chief Scientist at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, where he leads studies on science technology and innovation. The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies is an independent, 501(c)(3), not-for-profit public policy research institute with a focus on science, technology, and national security issues.

The Potomac Institute Press is pleased to announce the latest book by Institute Chairman and CEO Michael Swetnam and ICTS Director Prof. Yonah Alexander, Al-Qa'ida: Ten Years After 9/11 and Beyond (Potomac Institute Press, 2012, ISBN: 978-0-9678594-6-0 Paperback, 454 pages).  Orders for Al-Qa'ida, Ten Years After and Beyond may be placed through Amazon.com.  Click here to access the Amazon listing.

Al-Qa'ida: Ten Years After 9/11 and Beyond follows the authors' 2001 book, Usama bin Laden's al-Qa'ida: Profile of a Terrorist Network, which came out just months before the 9/11 attacks.  The new volume offers comprehensive coverage of the group’s history, leadership, financing, propaganda, ideology, and  future outlook.

click here to purchase

 

Here's what prominent scholars are saying about Al-Qa'ida: Ten Years After 9/11 and Beyond:

“This is the indispensable book on al-Qa’ida, its spawn, and its affiliates.  Usama and many of his lieutenants have been killed, and the central “base” weakened. But radical Islam and sundry jihadi organizations live.  Yonah Alexander and Michael S. Swetnam have been writing about al-Qa’ida since 1988; they have not lost their touch.”  Don Wallace, Jr., Professor of Law at Georgetown University and Chairman of the International Law Institute.

“This comprehensive book on al-Qa’ida, its evolution, current status, ideology, modus operandi, and its affiliates provides an excellent source for both experts and those who want to learn about this organization and the challenges posed by international terrorism in general.” Shireen Hunter, Visiting Professor, School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, and Distinguished Scholar, Center for Strategic and International Studies.

“Few experts on ‘jihadi’ terrorism can write with more authority on the past ten years of al-Qa’ida after 9/11 than Yonah Alexander and his colleague, Michael S. Swetnam.  Many things have happened in these ten years; 2011 was an important year just like 2001.  To understand what is likely to happen in the future, this book is a must read for both experts and all those interested in world peace.” Honorary Professor Ved Marwah, Centre for Policy Research, New Delhi; Chairman, India’s Task Force on National Security and Criminal Justice System; Former Commissioner of Police Delhi; and Former Governor of Manipur and Jharkhand.

“Many books have been written on al-Qa’ida, but this comprehensive volume details not only the group’s origin and background, but also its evolution into the present. Yonah Alexander and Michael S. Swetnam have produced a much needed, up-to-date handbook on al-Qa’ida and its affiliated groups. An excellent source for all those who study or combat contemporary terrorism.” Michael Fredholm, Senior Researcher, Stockholm International Program for Central Asian Studies (SIPCAS), Stockholm University, Sweden.

“This book, produced from the pens of scholars that have been wrestling with the issues for decades, should come as a timely reminder that we might want to get back to business as usual but that the likes of al-Qa’ida won’t forget us.”  William J. Olson, Distinguished Professor, National Defense University.

Authors:

Yonah Alexander, PhD
Director, Inter-University Center for Terrorism Studies
Director, International Center for Terrorism Studies, Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, Arlington, VA, USA
Co-Director, Inter-University Center for Legal Studies at the International Law Institute, Washington, DC, USA

Michael S. Swetnam

CEO and Chairman, Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, Arlington, VA, USA
Member, US Senate Select Committee on Intelligence Technical Advisory Group
Former Special Consultant to the President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, Washington, DC, USA

 

Table of Contents:

Introduction by Charles E. Allen
Chapter 1: Ideological and Theological Perspectives
and Goals
Chapter 2: Key Leadership
Chapter 3: Selected Modus Operandi
Chapter 4: Propaganda and Psychological Warfare
Chapter 5: Al-Qai’da’s Key Networks
Chapter 6: Selected Affiliated Groups
Chapter 7: Selected U.S. Individuals with Alleged
al-Qa’ida Connections
Chapter 8: Operation Neptune Spear and Beyond
Appendices
• Selected Electronic Political Communication from
al-Qa’ida (October 2001 – 2011)
• U.S. Indictment of Usama bin Laden (November 5, 1998)
• Remarks by the President on Osama bin Laden
(May 2, 2011)
• Ensuring al-Qa’ida’s Demise (Remarks by John Brennan
on June 29, 2011)
• National Strategy for Counterterrorism (June 2011)
• Empowering Local Partners to Prevent Violent
Extremism in the United States (August 2011)
• The Honorable James R. Clapper, Statement
• David H. Petraeus, Director of CIA, Statement

Al Gray, Marine  The Early Years 1950-1967 Vol. 1 Most people know General Al Gray as the 29th Commandant of the Marine Corps. His achievements as a transformational Commandant are legendary within the Marine Corps and the military services. However, little is generally known about his years as an enlisted Marine, junior officer and field grade officer.  In this book, author Scott Laidig tells us the compelling story of those early years in the life of a unique, charismatic Marine who rose through the ranks to the pinnacle of Marine Corps leadership.  Admirers of Al Gray, Marines who served under him and with him, history buffs, students of leadership and of the military, and readers interested in the Vietnam era will all find much to fascinate them in this book, written by a decorated Marine combat veteran of Vietnam. This volume covers the career of Al Gray from his time as a young sergeant in the Amphibious Recon Platoon, to duty as both an artillery officer and an infantry officer along The Main Line of Resistance in Korea and later while conducting special operations in Vietnam in 1964, through command of Vietnam’s northernmost outpost at Gio Linh in 1967, to assignments in the secretive field of cryptology.  The book is rich with personal and historical details, anecdotes and colorful episodes that bring this remarkable Marine’s experiences to life on the page. You will finish this book with a deeper understanding of the qualities that make Al Gray a revered leader with the US Marine Corps, and a true national treasure.  (Purchase Here)

Interview with author about book - Leatherneck Magazine:

http://www.mca-marines.org/leatherneck/author-interview-scott-laidig-his-book-al-gray-marine-early-years-1950-1967-vol-1

Review in the Marine Corps Gazette:

https://www.mca-marines.org/gazette/bookreview/al-gray-marine-early-years-1950%E2%80%931967-vol-1

Review in Leatherneck Magazine:

https://www.mca-marines.org/leatherneck/bookreview/al-gray-marine%E2%80%94-early-years-1950-1967-volume-one

A Life at Full Speed: A Journal of Struggle and Discovery

by Charles M. Herzfeld

Among computer science aficionados, Dr. Charles Herzfeld is affectionately known as the “Godfather of the Internet.” As Director of ARPA, the 1960s forerunner of DARPA (today’s Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency), he was the force behind the development of the ARPANET, which ultimately became the Internet we know today. But what many do not know is the backstory behind this phenomenal achievement. The heady political, cultural and scientific milieu of that time was his element, and he emerged as a true high-tech legend. His numerous awards and honors include induction into the Internet Hall of Fame in 2012, with the title of “Pioneer.” Charles Herzfeld’s life story is an iconic American tale. Here, in his own words, is that story.

Click to Purchase

27FebPaperbackFrontCoversm

Buy on AmazonCo-editors Timothy Sample and Michael Swetnam, along with a dozen thought leaders in the realm of cyber security, have assembled “#CyberDoc: No Borders - No Boundaries” as a preliminary framework for the development of a national doctrine for the cyber era.

Cyber technologies are an increasingly essential part of daily life for people around the world, and have fundamentally altered our lives in countless ways. The Internet is now as essential as any other “utility,” and is so seamlessly woven into the fabric of life that we rarely even think about it. At the same time, the vulnerabilities inherent in our reliance on the Internet are rarely discussed publicly in terms of our national security. Those responsible for protecting the capabilities upon which we all rely, as well as the security of the United States, have struggled to articulate and agree upon a doctrine to address these complex issues.

Several of the authors whose essays are included herein begin from the standpoint of nuclear doctrine, assessing whether concepts like containment, mutually assured destruction, and first strike are relevant in the cyber era. Other authors address our role as a nation in a world that is dominated by information and governed by its control. Indeed, we may already be “at war” in a sense that may not neatly fit into the established norms and definitions of war, and may not be bounded by existing treaties and agreements.

The goal of this volume is to raise and debate the issues that a doctrine should consider, and to begin identifying a broad framework from which a doctrine might be developed. It is intended to be the start of a critically important discussion on this topic, one that will inform and guide the development of a useful and enduring doctrine, as well as subsequent policies and strategies, for the United States.

 

Find on Amazon

The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies is pleased to recognize the latest book edited by VP for Academic Programs, Prof. James Giordano, PhD, entitled Neurotechnology: Premises, Potential and Problems (CRC Press, 2012).  Prof. Giordano is also the Director of the Institute's Center for Neurotechnology Studies. Here's how CRC Press describes the new book: "Written by leading international experts, this text presents a unique, integrative perspective that examines how studies and developments in neurotechnololgy are both impacted by and affect the philosophical foundations of the human condition. As the first book in the series Advances in Neurotechnology: Ethical, Legal and Social Issues, this work establishes the current state of neurotechnology and defines the philosophical and ethical issues in neuroscience, neuroengineering, biomedical engineering, computer science, and nanoscience. It also specifically addresses core questions that are integral to the intellectual and pragmatic dimensions of the rapidly progressing field of neurotechnology." The book Neurotechnology: Premises, Potential and Problems has an official publication date of April 24, 2012.  Please note that CRC Press is offering a 20% discount and free shipping to customers who enter code 888FX at online checkout.

perspectivesThe Potomac Institute Press is pleased to announce that Perspectives on Detention, Prosecution, and Punishment of Terrorists: Implications for Future Policy and Conduct  is now available in a Kindle edition.  The new book is the first volume in a series of monographs by the Potomac Institute Press, edited by Prof. Yonah Alexander, PhD, Director of the Institute's International Center for Terrorism Studies, and Profs. Edgar Brenner and Don Wallace.  Click here to access the Kindle listing on Amazon.com.

maldyniaThe Potomac Institute for Policy Studies' Prof. James Giordano, PhD, Vice President for Academic Programs and Director of the Center for Neurotechnology Studies, is the editor of the recent book Maldynia: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on the Illness of Chronic Pain  (CRC Press, 2010).  The book is available on Amazon.com: click here to access the Amazon listing.

Maldynia: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on the Illness of Chronic Pain focuses on the issue of chronic pain that has progressed to a multidimensional illness state in and of itself. Although often dismissed as such, this pain is not imaginary, but rather represents an interaction of neurobiological processes, emotional and behavioral responses, and socio-cultural effects and reactions that become enduring elements in the life and world of the pain patient, and often remain enigmatic for those who provide care.  This volume emphasizes the need for researchers, clinicians, and caregivers to regard the ways in which chronic ,intractable pain becomes illness and affects a patient’s biological, social, and psychological states. Click here for more information about Prof. Giordano and the Center for Neurotechnology Studies.

socialBankingPotomac Institute for Policy Studies Academic Fellow Dr. Roland Benedikter is the author of a new book, Social Banking and Social Finance: Answers to the Economic Crisis (Springer, 2011).  Click here to access the Amazon.com listing. Dr. Benedikter is currently the European Foundations' Research Professor of Political Sociology, and Visiting Scholar at the Forum on Contemporary Europe of Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA.

 

In his new book, Dr. Benedikter observes that for over 2,000 years, banks have served to facilitate the exchange of money and to provide a variety of economic and financial services. During the most recent financial collapse and subsequent recession, beginning in 2008, banks have been vilified as perpetrators of the crisis, the public distrust compounded by massive public bailouts.

Nevertheless, another form of banking has also emerged, with a focus on promoting economic sustainability, investing in community, providing opportunity for the disadvantaged, and supporting social, environmental, and ethical agendas. Social Banking and Social Finance traces the emergence of the “bank with a conscience” and proposes a new approach to banking in the wake of the economic crisis.

 

scientificAndPhilosophicalThe Potomac Institute for Policy Studies' Prof. James Giordano, PhD, Vice President for Academic Programs and Director of the Center for Neurotechnology Studies, has recently published Scientific and Philosophical Perspectives in Neuroethics (Cambridge University Press, 2010). The book is available on Amazon.com: click here to access the listing on Amazon. 

A compilation of essays from leaders in the field, Scientific and Philosophical Perspectives in Neuroethics explores the multiple - and sometimes surprising - ramifications of rapid progress in neuroscience and neurotechnology.Even as neuroscientific research provides deeper insight into the workings of nervous systems, the fact remains that there is much we do not know about the nature of mind and consciousness.  Technical knowledge alone does not bridge this gap, and as a result there are many challenging ethical and social questions about the meaning and use of neuroscientific discoveries. Prof. Giordano will address these controversies.


Why has radical Islam become such a deadly threat, and why does it dominate the Muslim world? Dr. Tawfik Hamid answers these and other questions about this evil movement clearly and accessibly in his groundbreaking work. Dr. Hamid knows about radical Islam firsthand. In the early 1980s, he was recruited into Jamaa Islamiya, a terror group led at the time by Dr. Ayman al-Zawahiri, the man who went on to replace Osama bin Laden as leader of al-Qaeda. Eventually and miraculously, Dr. Hamid recognized the insidious nature of violent jihad and rejected its distortions of the Quran, the holy book of the Muslim faith. Ever since, he has pursued the reformation of Islam. He has written new interpretations of the Quran's key texts and has shared his message in many mosques. Inside Jihad reveals Dr. Hamid's deep insights about and passionate opposition to the Islamic terror movement drawn from his direct personal experiences. As a medical doctor and an expert on the psychology of the jihadist mindset, he explains the roles that sex, fear, petrodollars and the hijab for women have played in its proliferation. And he details his bold plan for Islamic reformation that would eventually change the jihadists minds and end their reign of terror.


Dr. Tawfik Hamid is a Senior Fellow in and Chair of the Study of Islamic Radicalism at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies. He is considered a world authority on Islamism and counterterrorism. As such, he has been a keynote speaker at intelligence summits in Washington, D.C., and elsewhere. He has discussed jihadism with senators and members of Congress, and has lectured at conferences in Europe and the United States, as well as at several universities. He has been featured on Fox News, CNN and the BBC, and he has published analyses in The Wall Street Journal, the National Review and for the Hudson Institute.

From Mountain Lake Press
Mountain Lake Park, Maryland

Release Date: September 10, 2015

238 pages; paperback (6 x 9); indexed
ISBN 978-0-9908089-1-6
PCN 2014945085
$16.95 ($19.95 Canada)

Distributor: Independent Publishers Group

Agent: Susan Schulman Literary Agency LLC

Publisher/Publicity contact: Phil Berardelli
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
301-501-5151
http://mountainlakepress.com


 

nirvanaThe Potomac Institute Press is pleased to announce that Bureaucratic Nirvana: Life in the Center of the Box, by Potomac Institute for Policy Studies Senior Fellow Hugh Montgomery, is now available on Amazon.com. Click here to access the Amazon listing. In Bureaucratic Nirvana, Montgomery draws on his four decades of experience to present a "how-to" primer for Pentagon contractors, administrators and researchers seeking a better understanding of the R&D bureaucracy. 

basThe Potomac Institute Press is pleased to announce that the new edition of Best Available Science: Fundamental Metrics for Evaluation of Scientific Claims is now available for purchase on Amazon.com.  Click here to access order page.

In this updated and revised edition of  Best Available Science: Fundamental Metrics for Evaluation of Scientific Claims, authors A. Alan Moghissi, Michael Swetnam, Betty R. Love and Sorin R. Straja  draw on their decades of experience to provide straightforward, easy-to-understand guidance for policymakers tasked with evaluating scientific claims.  Scientists and non-scientists alike will find the step-by-method outlined here to be invaluable in a world where new scientific developments are reported at a breathtaking pace.

Best Available Science is the latest publication of the Potomac Institute Press, a subsidiary of the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies. The Potomac Institute Press publishes original works addressing key contemporary issues in science, technology, healthcare, environment, national security and defense that are of interest to the academic community, government sector and general public alike. In this way, the Potomac Institute Press enables the Institute’s philosophy of providing important scientific, technical and policy information that is of high quality and remains independent and objective.  Click here to read more about the Potomac Institute Press.  
 

By Yonah Alexander

To date, no definitive study has dealt specifically with the role of American citizens in supporting foreign political, ideological, or extremist religious agendas.  Dr. Yonah Alexander's forthcoming book, Terrorists in Our Midst: Combating Foreign-Affinity Terrorism in America, remedies that.  In the book, seven expert authors discuss the threats to American security interests in the United States and elsewhere.

Terrorists in Our Midst focuses not only on foreign nationals operating in the United States, but also on American citizens participating in terror networks at home and abroad. The book presents an overview of both conventional and unconventional terrorism, surveys the terrorist threat in the United States by state and non-state actors, and analyzes the foreign-affinity links of American operatives in this country and abroad. Most important for the safety and security of the United States, it offers an assessment of what policies worked and what did not work, specifying a “best practices” agenda of recommendations that should be adopted by the United States and the international community. Also included are case studies and a discussion of various U.S. policies, including intelligence, law enforcement, border security, and civil liberties.

Yonah Alexander is Professor Emeritus of State University of New York and a former research Professor and Director of Terrorism Studies at George Washington University. Currently he is Director of the Inter-University Center for Terrorism Studies, a consortia of universities and think tanks throughout the world. He is also a senior fellow and director of the International Center for Terrorism Studies (at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies) and is a co-director of the Inter-University Center for Legal Studies (at the International Law Institute). Dr. Alexander has published 95 books as well as founded and edited three International Journals: Terrorism; Minority and Group Rights; and Political Communication and Persuasion.
His co-contributors to Terrorists in Our Midst are Prof. Raymond Tanter (Michigan); Prof. William Lewis (GWU); Prof. Edgar H. Brenner (ILI); Bruce Zagaris, Esq.; Martin Sieff (UPI); and Oliver “Buck” Revell (former FBI).
 
Publication date: 12/30/09 0-313-37570-4; 978-0-313-37570-5; $49.95 U.S.Dollars; £34.95 Sterling

20% Pre-publication discount: $39.95 U.S. Dollars; £27.95 Sterling

To order or for more information please contact:
US Contact: ABC-CLIO
Call: 1-800-368-6868;
Fax: 1-805-685-9685
Online: www.abc-clio.com
Orders by email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Marston Book Services Ltd
160 Milton Park, Abingdon OX14 4SD, UK
PO Box 1437 • Oxford, UK OX4 9AZ
Tel: +44 (0)1235 465500
Fax: +44 (0)1235 465555
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

terrorBy Yonah Alexander and Tyler B. Richardson

Terror on the High Seas: From Piracy to Strategic Challenge is a provocative look at maritime security and the steps that must be taken if terrorist threats are to be nullified. From the Achille Lauro hijacking to the bombing of the USS Cole to attacks on shipping channels by Somali pirates, terrorists have employed a variety of tactics, both successful and unsuccessful. These have included the smuggling of arms and plots to bomb shipyards, as well as attacks on Merchant Marine ships, maritime offices, fuel storage facilities, and Navy personnel, ships, and facilities, both on shore and in port.

 This book constitutes the first research effort after the unprecedented attacks of September 11, 2001, to provide government, industry, and the academic and policy communities with a major resource on potential threats to the maritime environment. Assuming that past tactics, as well as a variety of other unconventional attacks, will be utilized by both domestic and international groups well into the 21st century, the book sagely outlines the response needed from government and industry to meet the coming challenges.

"Professor Yonah Alexander and Tyler Richardson have written and compiled an outstanding and comprehensive review of piracy and terrorism at sea, an essential tool by anyone desiring to understand and fight this timeless, and yet modern day, threat to public safety, international security and commerce.  They have constituted this book to provide governmental leaders, policy makers, academicians, law enforcement officials, and the maritime industry, with the body of knowledge, easily accessible, to achieve the deep understanding of where we are in addressing terror on the high seas, the indispensable prerequisite for charting the future through pirate-infested waters."
- Jamie Barnett, Rear Admiral USNR (Retired), Director of Naval Education & Training from 2004-2006

YONAH ALEXANDER is a Senior Fellow and Director of the Inter-University Center for Terrorism Studies based at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies and the International Law Institute. He has published over 95 books in the field of international terrorism including The New Iranian Leadership: Ahmadinejad, Nuclear Ambition and the Middle East; Evolution of U.S. Counterterrorism Policy: A Documentary Collection (3 Vols.); and Turkey: Terrorism, Civil Rights, and the European Union.  TYLER RICHARDSON has served as the Director of Research for the Inter-University Center for Terrorism Studies and as Defense Fellow for the Long-Term Strategy Project, both in Washington, DC.  His work on maritime terrorism and port security issues has been published by The Washington Times, United Press International, The Jerusalem Post and The Lexington Institute.  Mr. Richardson holds a B.A. in English from Georgetown University and an MBA from The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.  He currently works as a Senior Analyst in North Carolina. 
 
Publication date:  September 2009;  ISBN: 0-275-99750-2 (Two volumes, 660 pgs.)
$195.00  U.S. Dollars £134.95 Sterling

20% Pre Publication Discount  $156.00 U.S. Dollars; £107.95 Sterling

To order outside the US or for more information please contact:
Marston Book Services Ltd
160 Milton Park, Abingdon OX14 4SD, UK
PO Box 1437 • Oxford, UK OX4 9AZ
Tel: +44 (0)1235 465500; Fax: +44 (0)1235 465555
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
US Contact: ABC-CLIO
Call: 1-800-368-6868;
Fax: 1-805-685-9685
Online: www.abc-clio.com
Orders by email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

By Dr. James Giordano and M.V. Boswell

This book, edited and written by leading scholars in the field(s) of neuroscience, ethics, law and healthcare policy, provides a unifying perspective of how a philosophical understanding of pain and medicine gives rise to the ethics and policies of pain care. Toward these ends, the chapters shed light on how pain and the experience of the patient and clinician establish the moral obligations of pain medicine, and the conditions necessary to enact pain care on a global scale. In this context, the authors consider possible ethical systems and approaches that are important to, and viable for pain medicine, and provide perspectives into the ways that moral obligations and practical realties are wedded to (and should underscore) any and all practice guidelines, health policy, and laws. In these ways, this volume provides erudite discussions of how contemporary knowledge of pain could and should influence the moral values, and conduct, tenor and value(s) of medical practice, and how this knowledge might serve as a foundation upon which to construct policies toward a more meaningful, patient-centered pain medicine in the future.

About the Author
Editor, James Giordano, PhD is Professor of Neuroscience, Philosophy, and Ethics at the Institute for Psychological Sciences, Centre for Philosophical Psychology, and Fellow, Blackfriars Hall, University of Oxford, UK, and is the Director of the Center for Neurotechnology Studies, and Chair of the Academic Programs at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, in Arlington, VA (USA). His research is focused upon the molecular and behavioral neuroscience of pain and analgesia; the neurophilosophy of pain and mind, and the neuroethics of pain research and treatment. Editor, Mark V. Boswell, MD, PhD is Professor and Chair of the Department of Anesthesiology and Director of the International Pain Center, at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center School of Medicine, in Lubbock, Texas. His clinical and research interests focus upon neuroanesthesia, acute, chronic and neuropathic pain disorders, and the roles and practices of interventional pain management and palliative care.

Purchase book on Amazon.com

 

by Yonah Alexander, Ph.D. and Milton Hoenig, Ph.D.

Since his election, President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of Iran has reversed the more moderate and pluralistic policies of his predecessor and projected himself onto the public scene with headline-grabbing speeches regarding Jews and the state of Israel, open defiance of the UN Security Council on the nuclear issue, and an apparent vision of his country becoming the dominant power in the Middle East. Iran's nuclear ambitions are in direct conflict with the wishes of the United States, the European Union, and many of the governments of the Middle East, leading to consequences that remain uncertain. Iran is a focus of attention in the most recent war in Lebanon, expanding its influence as a (the?) major supporter and supplier of Hezbollah. And Iran is cited in the most recent annual U.S. State Department report on terrorism as the country that is the "most active sponsor of terrorism." This book documents Ahmadinejad's background and rise to power. It explains the current structure of the Iranian revolutionary government--the competing centers of power and the major players. In separate sections it details the terrorist groups funded and armed by Iran, primarily Hezbollah and Hamas. And it provides a comprehensive picture of Iran's apparent aspirations to acquire nuclear weapons, as well as the related implications for regional and global security concerns. There is little reason to believe that Ahmadinejad will leave the scene anytime soon, or that Iran's behavior will change in the near term.

Buy the book at Amazon.com

by Ben Sheppard, Ph.D.

This new volume explores terrorism and strategic terror, examining how the public responds to terrorist attacks, and what authorities can do in such situations.

The book uses a unique interdisciplinary approach, which combines the behavioural sciences and international relations, in order to further the understanding of the 'terror' generated by strategic terror. The work examines five contemporary case studies of the psychological and behavioural effects of strategic terror, from either terrorist attacks or aerial bombardment. It also looks at how risk-communication and public-health strategies can amplify or reduce psychological and behavioural responses, and considers whether behavioural effects translate into political effects, and what governments can do to relieve this. Ultimately, the study argues that the public is not prone to panic, but can change their behaviours to reduce their perceived risk of being exposed to a terrorist attack. This book will be of much interest to students of terrorism studies, homeland security, social psychology and politics in general.

Ben Sheppard is an Adjunct Fellow at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, Washington, DC, specializing in the terror of terrorism and missile proliferation. He has a Ph.D. from King’s College London.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction
2. Overview of the key disciplines
3. Methodological Parameters
4. Israel and the Scud Missile Attacks During the 1991 Gulf War
5. The Tokyo Sarin Attack
6. September 11 Attacks
7. 2001 Anthrax Attacks
8. Israel and the Second Intifada
9. Conclusion. Selected Bibliography

Buy the book at Routledge.com

 

Quantifying

Quantifying Human Information Processing (Potomac Institute for Policy Studies) [Hardcover]

Quantifying Human Information Processing

  1. Dennis K. McBride (Editor), Dylan Schmorrow (Editor)

ISBN-13: 978-0739112014  ISBN-10: 0739112015

 

Rapid advances in IT that allow complex information to be presented in high volume and density are challenging human ability to absorb and analyze data as never before. Designing technologies and systems to provide optimal sensory information to human users will be increasingly important. But to do this, quantitative relationships between brain behavior at a molecular level and observable human behavior must be better identified. This was previously considered to be a futuristic, and somewhat unrealistic, goal, however, recent advances in cognitive neuroscience have provided new opportunities for researchers. 

Refinements in imaging technology and simulation tools, and the learning yielded from them, provided the Quantifying Human Information Processing (QHIP) research teams strong starting points from which to further assess the ability to quantify human information processing. Led by experts in psychology, cognitive science, and information processing, among other fields, researchers sought to quantify the information flow in the nervous system, the limits of that flow, and how it is affected by emotions. The QHIP effort looked at specific aspects of the brain's information processing ability including measuring task-related and unrelated thought, assessing mental workload, and finding optimal information processing. 

The researchers found important indicators of both the capacity and limits of the human brain, and offer new ways to think about the brain. This work is a valuable contribution to the fields of psychology, neuroscience, and cognition, and will serve as a resource for human factors engineers designing the next generation of information, safety, analysis, and control systems because it starts to answer how to maximize information processing without overloading the central nervous system

 

click to purchase

 

The Journey of a Warrior: The Twenty-Ninth Commandant of the U.S. Marine Corps (1987-1991): General Alfred Mason Gray, Second Edition

Author: Colonel Gerald H. Turley, US Marine Corps  

"The Journey of a Warrior" tells the inspiring story of a truly unique Marine who became a brilliant combat leader and achieved international prominence. General Alfred Mason Gray, US Marine Corps, was a loner by nature, and many of his peers considered him to be a maverick. At the same time, having established himself as a military intellectual of remarkable insight, he became an icon to service personnel of all ranks, as well as many prominent defense officials, politicians, and scholars. General Gray was a critical force behind the changes needed to prepare Marines for the new millennium. He is now recognized as one of the finest Commandants in fifty years. The Journey of a Warrior brings to the fore the journey of a most unusual individual: a warrior, a leader, a thinker, and a patriot. lt is not written as a biography but rather as a retrospective of a unique marine whose impact on his institution was both untraditional and perhaps under appreciated. The Marine Corps is better for his unselfish and dedicated journey to faithfully serve his country.

Click to purchase

 

The International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR), the set of regulations that limit U.S. exports in the name of national security, need to be rescinded with new enabling legislation because they continue to be a threat to the United States (U.S.) national security and economic interests despite a well-intended Executive reform initiative that has taken place over the last seven years.

coverPIPSITAR

In this breakthrough book, General Al Gray and Dr. Paul Otte provide a new model for achieving a higher level of leadership. This book validates the struggles of the Conflicted Leader – one who must lead individuals and organizations as our world moves through ever-evolving waves of change. But, the authors do more than address what many leaders today are experiencing. They propose a new way of making a difference though Vantage Leadership, defined as the ability to embrace uncertainty, see the possible over the probable, remain conceptual through conflict, and more.

“If you only look for leadership in the usual places, you will only find the usual leadership.”

A new report published in March by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and the Organization of American States (OAS) called on countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) to step up their efforts on cybersecurity or face “potentially devastating” cyber attacks. Members of the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies’ Cyber Readiness Index team collaborated with IDB, OAS, and other academic and policy institutions to analyze the cyber preparedness of 32 OAS countries based on 42 indicators. It is the first significant examination of the level of preparedness against growing cyber threats in Latin America and the Caribbean based on two unique frameworks. 2016 Cyber Security Report

 

Let us know that this is broken by clicking emailing This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

Return to Home!

TestMap

 

{image_map map=world} 

Alternative Futures for Corrosion and Degradation Research

By Dr. Robert Hummel

The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies is pleased to present Alternative Futures for Corrosion and Degradation Research. This book, authored by study lead Dr. Robert Hummel, Chief Scientist of the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, arose out of a study conducted for the Office of Corrosion Policy and Oversight (CPO) of the Office of the Secretary of Defense on research directions for alternative futures for corrosion and degradation.

Alternative Futures for Corrosion and Degradation Research offers a road map for novel research directions that could lead to dramatic changes in how the nation views and deals with corrosion and degradation problems.  Corrosion is a national problem that goes beyond the rusting of metal. The issues associated with corrosion and degradation are responsible for more than one trillion dollars in annual national expenditures.

Click to Purchase

A Life at Full Speed: A Journal of Struggle and Discovery

by Charles M. Herzfeld

Among computer science aficionados, Dr. Charles Herzfeld is affectionately known as the “Godfather of the Internet.” As Director of ARPA, the 1960s forerunner of DARPA (today’s Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency), he was the force behind the development of the ARPANET, which ultimately became the Internet we know today. But what many do not know is the backstory behind this phenomenal achievement. The heady political, cultural and scientific milieu of that time was his element, and he emerged as a true high-tech legend. His numerous awards and honors include induction into the Internet Hall of Fame in 2012, with the title of “Pioneer.” Charles Herzfeld’s life story is an iconic American tale. Here, in his own words, is that story.

Click to Purchase

27FebPaperbackFrontCoversm

Al Gray, Marine: The Early Years, 1950-1967 Vol.1

$29.95

Author: Scott Laidig;

Foreword by General Anthony Zinni, USMC (Ret);

Preface by Dr. John F. Guilmartin, Lt Col, USAF (Ret);

ISBN:978-0-9852483-0-7

In this first volume of the authorized Al Gray, Marine biography series, author, Scott Laidig gives a detailed account of Al Gray as a young sergeant in the Amphibious Reconnaissance Platoon through his tours with the artillery, the infantry, special operations, and intelligence units through 1967. This work is well-researched and referenced – rich with personal and historical details, images, anecdotes and colorful episodes that bring this remarkable Marine’s experiences to life on the page. Hardbound and Kindle editions are available through Amazon and through our distributor, Baker & Taylor.

Click to Purchase

91HE9nD3aKL. SL1500 sm

finalyonah cover10 front 1 for web

U.S. Health Policy: An Insider's Perspective

By Dr. Tevi Troy

Hon. Tevi Troy, PhD, Senior Fellow’s book comes at the right time. U.S. Health Policy: An Insider’s Perspective thoughtfully assembles articles that Dr. Troy has written in publications ranging from The New Atlantis to The Wall Street Journal. He cohesively covers a number of subjects including Obamacare implementation, the government’s ability to impose its electronic medical records plan, biopreparedness, life science innovation, and Medicaid and Medicare.

Dr. Troy has travelled the world, representing both the Department of Heath and Human Services and the U.S. government as an ambassador for U.S. health care policy. In doing so, he was able to develop a better understanding of how to convey messages to a wide variety of people, “You can have the best policies in the world but they will not do any good if no one knows about them.”

USHealthPolicy

Grayisms

and other thoughts on leadership From General Al Gray, USMC (Retired) 29th Commandant of the Marine Corps 

Grayisms are the embodiment of simplicity and capture recurring statements made by the General during his 41 year career in the Marine Corps and in subsequent years. General Gray’s love of his Marines along with the Sailors who serve with them and how much they love and respect him in return, shines through Grayisms. He has great admiration for all our Armed Forces. Often one to shun head tables and staff cars for mess halls and jeeps, General Gray is a true leader to the Marines serving, not under, but beside him. He has never missed an opportunity to talk with the troops and is always eager to hear about what is happening on and off the field.  The Grayism exemplified in this philosophy is, “Leaders must truly care more about the people they lead than themselves.” Even as a Commandant, he has never lost his “enlisted” mentality when it comes to caring for his Marines.

grayisms

The Cyber Readiness Index (CRI) 2.0 team developed a ground-breaking methodology, known as the CRI 2.0, to evaluate and measure a country’s preparedness levels for certain cybersecurity risks. The team of experts apply the CRI 2.0 to provide a compelling and actionable review of a country’s policies, plans, laws, standards, market levers (e.g., incentives and regulations), and other initiatives. The resulting actionable blueprint enables a country to better understand its Internet-infrastructure dependencies and vulnerabilities and assess its commitment and maturity to closing the gap between its current cyber security posture and the national cyber capabilities needed to support its digital future.

 

CRIndex2.0 1sm

 

THINK BIG argues that innovation in science and technology are the keys to American economic strength and national security. Rather than a return to the infrastructure, economy, and healthcare systems of the past, the report calls for a vision for the future.

The report urges the new Administration to 1) develop policy based on the best available science and 2) use policy to foster the development of science and technology. The science and technology investment priorities identified in the THINK BIG report for the next Administration include:

· America’s Future Infrastructure
· Fostering American Industry Leadership
· Revolutionizing Medicine
· Climate Engineering

Download the full PDF here.

 

3DecThinkBigDraft1sm

 

The Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense released its report, A National Blueprint for Biodefense: Leadership and Major Reform Needed to Optimize Efforts, in October 2015. The report identifies capability gaps and recommends changes to U.S. policy and law to strengthen national biodefense while optimizing resource investments. The panel is co-chaired by former Sen. Joe Lieberman and former Gov. Tom Ridge, who are joined by former Secretary of Health and Human Services Donna Shalala, former Sen. Tom Daschle, former Rep. Jim Greenwood, and the Hon. Kenneth Wainstein.

biodefense 1

 

Al Gray, Marine: The Early Years, 1968-1975 Vol.2

 

Author: Scott Laidig;

 

Most people know General Al Gray as the 29th Commandant of the Marine Corps. His achievements as a transformational Commandant are legendary within the Marine Corps and the military services. Volume 1 of the “Al Gray, Marine” series covered his time as an enlisted Marine and junior officer. In Volume 2, Scott Laidig tells us the story of a unique, charismatic Marine during his time as a field grade officer. From establishing innovative intelligence operations in Vietnam, to command of infantry units in the challenging times of the 1970s, through his leadership during the evacuation of Saigon in 1975, Al Gray’s story is exceptional. In many ways, the accomplishments of Al Gray rival those that he carried out as a General Officer or even as Commandant. In this book, the author tells the remarkable story of Al Gray, Marine. Volume 1 of "Al Gray, Marine" won the Marine Corps Heritage Foundation’s esteemed Colonel Joseph Alexander Prize for Best Biography of the Year for 2014! Following in that tradition, Volume 2 offers significant insights into General Gray’s activities and many accomplishments as a field grade officer.

Click to Purchase

5SeptAGM2PBFrontCoverSm

It's the Ideology: How to Defeat Islamist Terrorism Once and for All

 

Author: David Eneboe;

 

The terrorism embraced by the likes of Islamic State and Al-Qaeda emanates from their common Islamist ideology of hate and intolerance. Kill that ideology and we kill the terrorism that it breeds. But, we cannot kill ideas with bombs and bullets – we can only kill them with better ideas. And since the handful of Al-Qaeda extremists who first attempted to target US interests in 1992 has now grown to over 30,000 in Islamic State alone, what Washington has been doing clearly has not been working. Our strategic victory against Islamist terrorism is all but certain; the only variable in the equation is the human and material cost from our policy missteps and mistakes. Yet even after a quarter century of conflict, Washington still does not have a solid strategy for winning the war against Islamist terrorism. It’s the Ideology offers what our leaders have not – a fresh, bold, and clear six-step plan to muzzle our enemies; win the information war; turn failing states around; be smarter in our use of military force; substitute failed conventionalism with bold, twenty-first century approaches; strip Islamism of any religious legitimacy; and, ultimately, prevent future generations of terrorists. This book delivers a specific, real-world strategy to permanently defeat Islamist terrorism once and for all. This is a book about victory. It is a roadmap for restoring America’s global statesmanship and leadership written by a fresh voice with an experienced perspective.

Click to purchase

 

.

Wrong Page!  You want www.potomacinstitute.org

 

 

The video from the June 17th panel discussion on cyber scenarios is available here.

Our Challenge

In the 21st Century, technology is becoming increasingly pervasive. Communications, medicine, biotechnology, neurotechnology, robotics, pharmaceuticals, nanotechnology, energy, and transportation are just a few of the fields in which technology is rapidly changing. These cutting-edge technologies and scientific innovations will have an enormous impact on our lives and present a new set of challenges for our society. The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies seeks to (1) anticipate the problems our society will face in the future, and (2) work toward establishing meaningful policy options for addressing these problems before they come to fruition. The Institute is keenly aware that implementation of policy is perhaps the most difficult component in public endeavor. As a result, we do not merely conduct a world class study and provide a report. We roll up our sleeves as a think and “do” tank! 

 

Our Mission

The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies is an independent not-for-profit policy research institute. The Institute identifies and aggressively shepherds discussion on key science and technology (S&T) and national security issues facing our society, providing an academic forum for the study of related policy issues. From these discussions and forums, we develop meaningful policy options and ensure their implementation at the intersection of business and government. 

 

Our Philosophy

The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies follows two basic principles. First, we fiercely maintain objectivity and credibility, remaining independent of any federal or state agency, and owing no special allegiance to any political party or private concern. Second, we seek extensive collaboration with similar organizations, as well as with industry, academia and all levels of government. We believe that the study of today’s complex issues demands a wide variety of contributions from various perspectives. We are proud to call ourselves “fiercely objective” as a result of our track record in divorcing political issues from policy challenges. 

 

Areas of Expertise 

The Institute has conducted studies and provided support to the U.S. Congress, the Administration, the Department of the Navy, the Department of the Army, the U.S. Marine Corps, the U.S. Air Force, the National Science Foundation, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Office of Naval Research, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Defense Microelectronics Activity, the United States Coast Guard, the Department of Homeland Security, the Intelligence Community, and several leading foundations. 

  • Strategic planning

  • Policy and program development

  • Commercial technology assessment
  • Research studies and analysis

  • Communications and outreach

  • Operational concept application

  • S&T trends and forecasting 

Our History

The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies provides nonpartisan, practical, and practicable analysis of science and technology policy to leaders in government, industry and academia. Our studies and policy reviews inform government officials in a manner that carries on the legacy of the former Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) in the U.S. Congress, after which the Institute is modeled. 

For general information about the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, please contact us at:

The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies
901 N. Stuart Street, Suite 200
Arlington, VA 22203
Telephone: 703.525.0770
Fax: 703.525.0299
email comments or questions to webmaster[at]potomacinstitute[dot]org

Center for Enterprise, Exploration, and Defense in Space (CEEDS)

CEEDS generates policy recommendations from dialogue with experts in the commercial, scientific, civil, and national security fields to identify options for the most critical policy issues facing our future activities in space. CEEDS will bring the Institute’s well-known technical rigor, policy expertise, and non-partisan objectivity to bear on the space domain, to provide senior decision makers a better understanding of the complex policy options in this increasingly important sector.

 

Center For Neurotechnology Studies (CNS)

The Center for Neurotechnology Studies (CNS) is directed by Dr. Jennifer Buss. CNS provides neutral, in-depth analysis of matters at the intersection of neuroscience and technology—neurotechnology—and public policy. The Center anticipates ethical, legal, and social issues (ELSI) associated with emerging neurotechnology, and shepherds constructive discourse on these issues. It provides a forum for reasoned consideration of issues both by subject area experts and by the public. The Center partners with the research community for discourse and consultation on ethically sound neurotechnology research and applications. The Center cultivates and stewards knowledge and discussion on the implications of neurotechnology in academic, administrative, entrepreneurial, regulatory, legislative and judicial enterprises. CNS serves as authoritative counsel to government agencies pursuing neurotechnology by providing expertise in the sciences, ethics, law and social policy.

 

International Center For Terrorism Studies (ICTS)

Terrorism has been a permanent fixture in human history. It is evident that the beginning of the twenty-first century marks the beginning of a new age of terrorism. In contrast with older precedents, modern-day terrorism is widespread, institutionalized, technologically advanced,and global in its consequences. Raising the stakes of this challenge is the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. This alarming and dangerous trend increases the potential for "superterrorism"- biological, chemical, or nuclear violence - as well as the advent of information warfare and cyber-terrorism. As a member of the academic and research community, the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies has an intellectual obligation, as well as a moral and practical responsibility, to participate in the international effort to arrest the virus of terrorism. Accordingly, in 1998 the Institute established the International Center for Terrorism Studies to address the extensive issues surrounding the ever increasing anxiety of modern-day terrorism.

The International Center for Terrorism Studies (ICTS) is directed by Professor Yonah Alexander. Professor Alexander publishes numerous op-eds and articles and makes frequent appearances in international media.

 

Cyber Readiness Index

The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies developed a ground-breaking methodology, known as the Cyber Readiness Index (CRI 2.0), to evaluate and measure a country’s preparedness levels for certain cybersecurity risks. The team of cyber readiness 2.0 experts apply the CRI 2.0 to provide a compelling and actionable review of a country’s policies, plans, laws, standards, market levers (e.g., incentives and regulations), and other initiatives. The resulting actionable blueprint enables a country to better understand its Internet-infrastructure dependencies and vulnerabilities and assess its commitment and maturity to closing the gap between its current cyber security posture and the national cyber capabilities needed to support its digital future.

The CRI 2.0 uses over seventy unique indicators across seven essential elements to discern operationally ready activities and identify areas for improvement in the following elements: national strategy, incident response, e-crime and law enforcement, information sharing, investment in R&D, diplomacy and trade, and defense and crisis response. Each of these essential elements, if pursued in tandem, can help a country develop a stronger security posture to defend against economic erosion from cyber insecurity. Each area of inquiry is assessed across three cyber readiness levels: fully operational, partially operational, or insufficient evidence. The results are averaged to create an overall readiness assessment per country.

The threat to each country’s networked systems and infrastructures is real and growing. Data breaches, criminal activity, service disruptions, and property destruction are becoming commonplace. The resources available to increase the resilience of a country’s infrastructure and decrease the exposure of the countries to damage, however, are finite. The CRI 2.0 offers a comprehensive, comparative, experience-based methodology to help national leaders chart a path toward a safer, more resilient digital future in a deeply cybered, competitive, and conflict- prone world.

The CRI 2.0 is available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish and is being applied to 125 countries. While no country is cyber ready, there are countries that have developed effective mechanisms to achieve cyber readiness/preparedness and these programs and initiatives provide examples for other countries to learn from and possibly follow. As countries connect the next one to two billion people to the Internet and embrace next generation technologies, including the Internet of Things (IoT), the CRI 2.0 is a tool that can help identify and manage cybersecurity risks. The CRI 2.0 demonstrates how national security is closely intertwined with Internet connectivity and rapid adoption of ICT, which when secure, can lead to economic growth and prosperity.

 

Center For Revolutionary Scientific Thought (CReST)

The Center develops new ideas about the future directions of science and technology, formulates strategies on how to achieve revolutionary gains in that field, provides a forum to discuss the associated political, ethical, legal, and social issues, and informs the public and policymakers to solve vital societal problems."

 

Center for Adaptation and Innovation (CAI)

The Center for Adaptation and Innovation (CAI) identifies and defines new and potentially disruptive defense capabilities. CAI assists senior defense leaders grappling with the most demanding issues and problems posed by a complex and uncertain security environment.

 

Regulatory Science and Engineering Center (RSEC)

The vision of the Regulatory Science and Engineering Center (RSEC) at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies is to always be the definitive source of information on developing and implementing regulatory policy based on science and technology. In order to achieve this primary objective, the mission of RSEC is to ensure its activities successfully achieve the following:

Build and maintain a comprehensive library of knowledge regarding the science behind making regulatory policy and the history that created the foundations of our current regulatory practices.
Create projects and opportunities that furthers the understanding (and application) of regulatory science and engineering.
Serve as a resource center for all individuals or organizations that attempt to practice regulatory science by establishing (and evolving) various tools and processes that can assist in the practice of using science and technology in developing regulatory policies (i.e. doing regulatory science).
Taken together, the basic mission of RSEC is to inform the field of regulatory science by communicating regulatory science and engineering to the public, and provide advice to government agencies, academia and industry about applying regulatory science and engineering practices to their development and implementation of regulatory policy.

 

.

Prof. James Giordano, PhD, is Vice President for Academic Programs and Director of the Center for Neurotechnology Studies at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies.  Prof. Giordano, a neuroscientist and neuroethicist, will be a featured speaker at the upcoming New York University Center for Bioethics 2012 Conference on "The Moral Brain." The event will be held from March 30-April 1 at NYU, and is free and open to the public. The program is jointly sponsored by the NYU Center for Bioethics, Duke Kenan Institute for Ethics, Yale Interdisciplinary Center for Bioethics, and the Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies. Prof. Giordano will participate in a discussion entitled, "Can Moral Behavior Be Improved or Enhanced?" Click here for details.

The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies' Center for Neurotechnology Studies was pleased to welcome guests to the CNS booth at the Society for Neuroscience annual meeting, Neuroscience 2011,  in Washington, DC.  The annual SfN meeting attracts tens of thousands of professionals in neuroscience, medicine, and affiliated fields, and this year's event was no exception.    Click below to watch the video being shown in this year's CNS booth, in which CNS Director and Vice President for Academic Programs at the Potomac Institute, Prof. James Giordano, PhD, talks about the mission of CNS and the significance of the annual SfN meeting.

Prof. James Giordano, PhD, is Vice President for Academic Programs and Director of the Center for Neurotechnology Studies at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies.  In a Letter to the Editor of The Chronicle of Higher Education, he writes about the limits of neurotechnology's applications in the prediction and prevention of violent or antisocial behavior.  Prof. Giordano writes that there is a public outcry for "science and technology to 'do something' to define, predict, and prevent violent social behavior."  But he warns that not only is the technology not fully up to the task, but the risks that it will be hijacked for political purposes remains high.  Click here to read the letter in full.

Prof. James Giordano, PhD, Vice President for Academic Programs and Director of the Center for Neurotechnology Studies at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, will give a series of lectures on neuroethics at the Ludwig-Maximilians Universität, Munich, Germany, during his tenure as 2011-2012 Fulbright Visiting Professor of Neurosciences and Neuroethics.  The five lectures will take place from November 2011 through February of 2012.  Please see the attachment, below, for details. Click here for more information on the Fulbright Scholar Program.

Prof. James Giordano, PhD, is Vice President for Academic Programs and Director of the Center for Neurotechnology Studies at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies.  On October 20, he spoke at a conference entitled “Smart” Implants: Therapeutic Solutions, Security and Human Enhancements, sponsored by ICTethics and Gleube and held at the Wellcome Collection Conference Centre in London, UK.  Prof. Giordano addressed ways in which implantable neurotechnologies "offer unique potential to affect neuro-cognitive and behavioral functions, and are therefore promising approaches in mitigating the effects of certain neurological and psychiatric disorders."  He also addressed ethical considerations that arise in connection with the use of these technologies.  Click here for more information about the conference.

Prof. James Giordano, Vice President for Academic Programs and Director of the Center for Neurotechnology Studies at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, will be a guest speaker at the International Neuroethics Society's annual meeting in November, 2011.  The event will be held in Washington, DC on November 10 and 11.  Topics include include Neuroscience, National Security and Society; Technology and Humanity; Novel Treatments in Neuropsychiatry; and Law and Neuroscience. For more information, please click on the links below.

Prof. James Giordano, PhD, is a neuroscientist, Vice President for Academic Programs and Director of the Center for Neurotechnology Studies at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies. Prof. Giordano's new blog, NeuroBioEthics,  addresses current issues in neuroscience and complements CNS' mission to provide neutral, in-depth analysis of issues at the intersection of neurotechnology, neuroethics, and public policy. For more information about CNS, watch the video on this page. For more information about Prof. Giordano, click here.

Prof. James Giordano, PhD, is a neuroscientist, Vice President for Academic Programs and Director of the Center for Neurotechnology Studies at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies. Prof. Giordano Tweets on current events in neuroscience, neurotechnology and neuroethics, and you can follow his CNS Twitter feed @Neurobioethics. CNS' mission is to provide neutral, in-depth analysis of issues at the intersection of neurotechnology, neuroethics, and public policy. For more information about CNS, watch the video on this page. For more information about Prof. Giordano, click here.

The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies' Center for Neurotechnology Studies will be at Booth 3111 at the Society for Neuroscience's Neuroscience 2011 conference at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center in Washington, DC.  This year's event will be held from November 13-16.  Stop by and learn more about CNS programs and events! Click here to watch the CNS video.   

Prof. James Giordano, PhD, Vice President of Academic Programs and Director of the Center for Neurotechnology Studies at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, spoke on "Neuroethics: Moral Issues from Synapse to Society" at the Center for Inquiry in Amherst, New York, on December 9, 2010.  Click below to listen to parts one and two of Prof. Giordano's talk.

{flv}Giordano1-Web Quicktime{/flv}

{flv}Giordano2-Web Quicktime{/flv}  

The Capital Consortium for Neuroscience: Ethical, Legal and Social Issues (CCNELSI), www.ccnelsi.com,  was developed by Potomac Institute for Policy Studies Vice President for Academic Programs, Prof. James Giordano, PhD.  CCNELSI operates in conjunction with the Institute and its Center for Neurotechnology Studies as a forum for the exploration of emerging issues in neuroscience and accompanying ethical concerns. CCNELSI partners with area academic and research institutions to enrich the intellectual life of the DC and Northern Virginia communities. Lectures are held regularly at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies. Click below to watch a video in which Prof. Giordano explains CCNELSI's mission.

 

The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies' Center for Neurotechnology Studies was proud to co-sponsor the third Neuroscience: Ethics, Legal and Social Issues (NELSI-3) Conference, held on February 25, 2011 at George Mason University.  The topic of the program was Ethical Issues in the Use of Neuroscience and Neurotechnology in National Defense.  Prof. James Giordano, PhD, Vice President for Academic Programs at the Potomac Institute and Director of the Center for Neurotechnology Studies, chaired the conference.

Please click below to watch a video of the conference in its entirety, or scroll down to see a list of timeline indicators for  individual presentations.

{flv}NELSI-3{/flv}

1) Introduction by Prof. James Giordano, PhD: 00:11
2) Welcome by Prof. James Olds, PhD: 03:56
3) Opening Plenary: Towards the Neuro-Future: Challenges and Opportunities by James Canton, PhD: 17:24
4) Can (and Should?) We Regulate Neurosecurity? Lessons from the History of Science, the Military and Regulation by Prof. James Tabery, PhD: 56:38
5) Mind Wars: Brain Research and National Defense by Prof. Jonathan Moreno, PhD: 93:28
6) Hazards of Translation and Transformation: A Critique of Neuroscience in National Security from Science Studies, Ethics and Human Rights by Prof. Jonathan Marks, MA, BCL (Oxon): 130:05 
7) Neuroethics and National Security: The Promise and Peril of Neuroscience Technology, with a Hopeful Coda by LtCol William Casebeer, USAF, PhD: 158:39
8) The Human Dimension and US National Security: Our Current Challenge, But Greatest Opportunity by Chris Forsythe, PhD: 205:35
9) The Neuroethical Classification of Modifications to Body and Self by Prof. John Shook, PhD: 240:10
10) Neuroscience and Technology in National Security: Toward a Stance of Preparedness and Neuroethics of Prudent Action by Prof. James Giordano, PhD: 268:50
11) Panel Discussion: 304:40

 

The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies' Center for Neurotechnology Studies was proud to co-sponsor the third Neuroscience: Ethics, Legal and Social Issues (NELSI-3) Conference, held on February 25, 2011 at George Mason University.  The topic of the program was Ethical Issues in the Use of Neuroscience and Neurotechnology in National Defense.  Prof. James Giordano, PhD, Vice President for Academic Programs at the Potomac Institute and Director of the Center for Neurotechnology Studies, chaired the conference.

Please click below to watch a video of the conference in its entirety, or scroll down to see a list of timeline indicators for  individual presentations.

{flv}NELSI-3{/flv}

1) Introduction by Prof. James Giordano, PhD: 00:11
2) Welcome by Prof. James Olds, PhD: 03:56
3) Opening Plenary: Towards the Neuro-Future: Challenges and Opportunities by James Canton, PhD: 17:24
4) Can (and Should?) We Regulate Neurosecurity? Lessons from the History of Science, the Military and Regulation by Prof. James Tabery, PhD: 56:38
5) Mind Wars: Brain Research and National Defense by Prof. Jonathan Moreno, PhD: 93:28
6) Hazards of Translation and Transformation: A Critique of Neuroscience in National Security from Science Studies, Ethics and Human Rights by Prof. Jonathan Marks, MA, BCL (Oxon): 130:05 
7) Neuroethics and National Security: The Promise and Peril of Neuroscience Technology, with a Hopeful Coda by LtCol William Casebeer, USAF, PhD: 158:39
8) The Human Dimension and US National Security: Our Current Challenge, But Greatest Opportunity by Chris Forsythe, PhD: 205:35
9) The Neuroethical Classification of Modifications to Body and Self by Prof. John Shook, PhD: 240:10
10) Neuroscience and Technology in National Security: Toward a Stance of Preparedness and Neuroethics of Prudent Action by Prof. James Giordano, PhD: 268:50
11) Panel Discussion: 304:40

 

 

The Capital Consortium for Neuroscience: Ethical, Legal and Social Issues (CCNELSI), www.ccnelsi.com,  was developed by Potomac Institute for Policy Studies Vice President of Academic Programs, Prof. James Giordano, PhD.  CCNELSI operates in conjunction with the Institute and its Center for Neurotechnology Studies as a forum for the exploration of emerging issues in neuroscience and accompanying ethical concerns. CCNELSI partners with area academic and research institutions to enrich the intellectual life of the DC and Northern Virginia communities. Click below to watch a video in which Prof. Giordano explains CCNELSI's mission.

SUMMARY: The number of children hospitalized with methicillin-resistant staph infections (MRSA) has surged 10-fold in recent years, a study found. Unlike previous findings, most infections were caught in the community, not in the hospital. Almost 30,000 children were hospitalized with MRSA infections at the hospitals studied during the 10-year period. Most had skin or muscle infections, and 374 youngsters with MRSA died, though it isn't clear if MRSA was the sole cause.
STORY LINK: http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5iRjX2lfHwiT-BJIbwtjFnIYiOYWwD9FOC0HG0

ANALYSIS:  The growth of MRSA as a community threat is further evidence of nature’s resiliency.  MRSA is a Staph skin infection, which generally starts as small red bumps resembling pimples, boils or spider bites.  These can quickly turn into deep, painful abscesses that require surgical draining.  MRSA bacteria spreads easily through cuts and abrasions and skin-to-skin contact.  Susceptibility includes those in hospitals or living in close quarters (nursing homes, dormitories, military barracks) and among athletes sharing razors, towels, uniforms or equipment.  Symptoms include redness, warmth and tenderness of the wound, pus (a yellowish-white fluid that may have a foul smell), and fever.  

Preventive steps include the classic recommendations:  wash often, shower after athletic events, wear shower shoes, do not share personal items, and check yourself for signs of unusual rashes.  Ask to have any skin infection tested for MRSA before starting antibiotic therapy. Some drugs that treat ordinary staph aren't effective against MRSA, and their use could lead to serious illness and more resistant bacteria.

- Donald A. Donahue, DHEd, Executive Director, Center for Health Policy and Preparedness

SUMMARY: Two rural Georgians died last month from H1N1 influenza and despite the season, the virus is still circulating and health officials are still encouraging vaccination. Georgia is among several Southeast states to experience a spike in H1N1 hospitalizations earlier this year, most likely because the vaccination rates were the nation’s lowest.
STORY LINK: http://www.times-georgian.com/view/full_story/7394204/article-H1N1-kills-2-in-Paulding--vaccination-still-urged?instance=west_ga_news

ANALYSIS:  The unfortunate loss of two more Americans to H1N1 offers continuing proof of nature’s ability to afflict and of our own curious and costly penchant for allowing risk and not taking widely available and well proven precautions.  There is a lesson in the fact that, while the H1N1 pandemic has largely disappeared from public view and the media, people still fall victim to a disease than can be prevented by a safe and simple immunization.  While the report of the two recent cases does not indicate whether there was an underlying condition that contributed to either death, the fact remains that these individuals caught the flu from someone; it is still circulating.  

As a culture, we tend to place great faith in medicine’s ability to cure – and with good reason.  As a matter of individual and public health policy, however, reliance on cure over prevention can have dire consequences.  A recent study in Great Britain identified adverse reactions in almost half a population given prophylactic Oseltamivir (Tamilfu).  These reactions included nausea and vomiting, which can cause ceasing to take the medicine, thereby negating the preventive effect, or other serious health complications.  It is universally recognized that prevention is the best cure.  This is true for communicable disease, fire safety, school security, fiscal responsibility, ad infinitum…  Prevention only works, however, is we use the tools at our disposal.  Luck is not, and never will be, a reliable plan.

- Donald A. Donahue, DHEd, Executive Director, Center for Health Policy and Preparedness

SUMMARY: The CDC said the outbreak of potentially deadly E. coli 0145 linked to tainted lettuce has expanded by four states. Last week, two companies issued a recall of bulk romaine lettuce, commonly used at salad bars, in 23 states. The FDA said it is investigating a Yuma, Az., farm where the lettuce was harvested, but determining the point in the supply chain where the contamination occurred is difficult because it was distributed to wholesale and food service outlets, and "salad bars in general have the potential for lots more contact with lots of hands and people."
STORY LINK: http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20100511/ap_on_bi_ge/us_lettuce_recall

ANALYSIS:  Food safety remains a perpetual source of concern.  According to the CDC:  An estimated 76 million cases of foodborne disease occur each year in the United States. The great majority of these cases are mild and cause symptoms for only a day or two.  Some cases are more serious; there are an estimated 325,000 hospitalizations and 5,000 deaths related to foodborne diseases annually.  Like many diseases, the very old, the very young, pregnant women, and people with an illness that reduces their immune system function are at the most risk.

While it would be hard to reduce the risk of exposure at places like a salad bar, some basic principles can reduce the odds of contracting “food poisoning.”  The CDC offers the following advice.  Meat, poultry and eggs should be thoroughly cooked.  Avoid cross-contaminating foods by washing hands, utensils, and cutting boards after they have been in contact with raw meat or poultry and before they touch another food.  Put cooked meat on a clean platter, rather back on one that held the raw meat.  Refrigerate leftovers promptly.   Rinse fresh fruits and vegetables in running tap water to remove visible dirt and grime.  Remove and discard the outermost leaves of a head of lettuce or cabbage.  Wash your hands with soap and water before preparing food.  Avoid preparing food for others if you yourself have a diarrheal illness.  Changing a baby's diaper while preparing food is a bad idea that can easily spread illness.  Frequent hand washing is ALWAYS a good idea.  Finally, report suspected foodborne illnesses to your physician or local health department, especially if you think you may have become ill from a restaurant, community or church event, or other public venue.  Outbreak investigations begin with identification of the illness.  Your report can be the trigger for stopping an illness outbreak.

- Donald A. Donahue, DHEd, Executive Director, Center for Health Policy and Preparedness

SUMMARY: An E. coli outbreak possibly linked to tainted lettuce has sickened at least 19 people in Ohio, New York and Michigan, including students on three college campuses, prompting a recall throughout much of the country. Twelve of those sickened were hospitalized, three with life-threatening symptoms, the FDA said. The CDC said it was looking at 10 other cases probably linked to the outbreak. Freshway Foods said the lettuce was sold to wholesalers, food service outlets, in-store salad bars and delis; and the recall also affects "grab and go" salads sold at Kroger, Giant Eagle, Ingles Markets and Marsh grocery stores.
STORY LINK: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/05/06/lettuce-recall-e-coli-pos_n_566956.html

ANALYSIS:
The convergence of convenience and technology has led to a seeming increase in the number of food-borne illness outbreaks in recent years.  Sources of food now span the globe and the concept of items available “in season” has subtly grown quaint.  As the production base and shipment channels have expanded, so too has the opportunity for contamination, typically at the source or in processing.  In some cases, such as the cited lettuce contamination, the source is relatively easy to identify.  In others, such as last year’s episode with salsa, the mystery can last for weeks and have a wide impact (many tomato farmers were forced to plow crops under, only to discover the source of the contamination was tainted jalapeños).

In this regard, folklore and your grandmother’s admonitions can serve you well.  Washing even pre-washed produce can reduce risk of contamination.  Conversely, undercooking can increase the risk of illness.  The CDC estimates that 76 million Americans get sick, more than 300,000 are hospitalized, and 5,000 people die from foodborne illnesses each year.

While there is nothing quite like that runny egg for breakfast or a juicy hamburger later in the day, it is important to understand how we expose ourselves to risk.  A wealth of information is available from http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/food/index.htm.  Barbeque season is upon us, in all its glory.  Some simple precautions can make a world of difference.  A popular police television show always advised “be safe out there.”  It cannot be said any better than that.

- Donald A. Donahue, DHEd, Executive Director, Center for Health Policy and Preparedness

This week offers one of those rare opportunities to write in the first person.  Presented with a question from the editor whether any “strange new diseases” were afoot, my answer is, thankfully, no.  This does not mean, however, there is nothing of note.  As warmer weather embraces the nation, outdoor activities increase.  The coughs and sniffles of flu season give way to mosquito bites, stinging insects, deer ticks with Lyme, and similar concerns.  The nature of life is there is always something that presents risk.  The repeated mantra of awareness and preparedness for the unexpected remains applicable.  

I am also inclined to comment on two recent events that are likely addressed elsewhere within these pages.  Not related to communicable illness or each other, they none-the-less underscore the need for vigilance.  The University of Virginia suffered the tragic loss of a promising, and some might say privileged, young life to what would appear in essence a domestic disturbance.  In New York’s Times Square, a larger tragedy was averted by alert citizenry and law enforcement.  The common thread is that workplace and other violence can intrude anywhere, from a refined and historic academic environment to a bustling urban tourist center.  Communicable illness similarly knows no boundaries.  Those of a certain age will recall Alan Funt ending his Candid Camera shows with the advisement:  “Someday, somewhere, when you least expect it…”  Disasters lurk in the same manner.  The question is, will you be caught by surprise?

- Donald A. Donahue, DHEd, Executive Director, Center for Health Policy and Preparedness

SUMMARY: Illnesses and infections once considered safely eradicated could soon make a dangerous comeback if Americans continue to misuse antibiotic drugs.
STORY LINK: http://www.aolnews.com/health/article/antibiotic-resistance-growing-as-us-health-risk/19454589

ANALYSIS:  Drug resistant illnesses have been gradually growing as a serious threat to humankind.  Analysis from the 2007 World Health Report shows how rapidly an effective tool can become useless:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source:  World Health Organization

The causes are many, including nature’s own ability to adapt.  Humans contribute by demanding and taking antibiotics for viral conditions or not completing the prescribed course of treatment when antibiotics are appropriate.  A similar phenomenon exists with anti-virals.  Viruses naturally adapt to overcome threats.  The indiscriminate use of anti-virals hastens the day when they will be ineffective.

At various points in recent history a black market in certain medicines has arisen.  Cipro and Doxycycline were in demand and had “street value” following the 2001 postal anthrax attacks.  Similar demand for Tamiflu developed during the past year’s H1N1 outbreak.  Uncontrolled use can have unintended consequences.  Simply stated, following physician’s orders can help slow this trend.  While science continues to pursue the next generation of cure, it must be recognized that the advances of the last century were remarkable.  Reducing exposure, getting vaccinated when possible, and using antibiotics and anti-virals as directed are steps that can be taken today.  Prevention works; hoping for a cure may not.

- Donald A. Donahue, DHEd, Executive Director, Center for Health Policy and Preparedness

SUMMARY: The virulent fungus strain that has killed 1 in 4 people infected in Oregon is also present in Washington and Idaho and is likely to spread into California, according to researchers at Duke University Medical Center. The fungus, which is found on trees and the surrounding soil, releases deadly spores that can be easily inhaled. Previously limited to tropical and subtropical areas of the world, Cryptococcus gattii likely is spreading because of climate change. While there is treatment, there is no vaccine available. Most at risk are those who have frequent contact with soil.
STORY LINK: http://www.smartplanet.com/technology/blog/science-scope/deadly-airborne-fungi-in-oregon-expected-to-spread-to-california/1317/

ANALYSIS:  The impact of globalization has been profound.  Billions of people now travel all over the world, enjoying different cultures, visiting historic sites, and interacting as never before.  Foods that were once considered seasonal are now available year round.  And dangers once isolated by distance can travel to new, vulnerable locations.  International travelers routinely are reminded of restrictions on carrying plants, foodstuff, or animals.  Less evident may be fungus, insects, or other dangers not visible to the naked eye.  

There are basic steps that can be taken to limit exposure to dangers such as this.  One is to have “situational awareness.”  Know what threats lie in waiting, be it Cryptococcus gattii, poison ivy, or rattlesnakes.  When working with soil or plant life, be vigilant in washing yourself, your clothing, footwear, and even cars, ATVs, or bicycles.  Inspect yourself for exposures, especially small pest that may be hard to detect, such as the Lyme-carrying deer tick.  When visiting an area known or suspected to contain an environmental threat, know the symptoms for which to watch.  When in doubt, seek medical advice.  The old saw applies:  it is better to be safe than sorry.

- Donald A. Donahue, DHEd, Executive Director, Center for Health Policy and Preparedness

SUMMARY: At the one-year mark since the emergence of novel H1N1 influenza, CIDRAP News reviewed the lessons of the pandemic. Chief among them: the endless unpredictability of flu viruses. Unlike seasonal flu, H1N1 hit children and young adults much more than people over 65; it was relatively mild for most people, unlike the 1918 flu or devastating H5N1 avian flu which heavily shaped pandemic preparations; but it killed far more children and young people than typical seasonal flu and brought the first hint that obesity is a risk factor for severe complications.
STORY LINK: http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidrap/content/influenza/swineflu/news/apr2310pandemic-jw.html

ANALYSIS:  It is likely that analysis of the H1N1 pandemic – what went wrong, what went right, and why we fared so well – will continue well into the future.  Several things should be immediately clear, however, and should drive continuing policy development and preparation.  An enduring lesson is that nature is highly adaptable.  Many of the standard recommendations for influenza proved to be less than optimal for this strain.  That H1N1 was milder than feared was fortunate.  A similar, rapid human-to-human spread of H5N1 would have profound global impact -- half of all cases to date have been fatal.

Family and workplace planning should emphasize staying healthy and reacting to the unexpected.  The now familiar exhortations about hand washing, cough etiquette, and cleaning common surfaces remain valid.  Similarly, creating an environment where illness is viewed as natural with interpersonal contact limited until after recovery will actually reduce overall sick time.  As we learned with SARS, the next health threat may not be what we expect.  The time to address gaps in planning and practice is now, when the need is not urgent.  The next outbreak may not be so kind.

- Donald A. Donahue, DHEd, Executive Director, Center for Health Policy and Preparedness

SUMMARY: Airline passengers are also susceptible to the spread of norovirus, best known for causing diarrhea and vomiting on board cruise ships, researchers have found. CDC investigators tracked an October 2008 outbreak of the acute gastrointestinal illness back to a flight returning tourists to California from a New England fall foliage bus tour. Sitting in an aisle seat or near a tour group member were strong risk factors for becoming ill, which suggests transmission of the virus occurred through person-to-person contact or indirectly via contamination of armrests, tray tables, or seat controls.
STORY LINK: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/36568257/ns/travel-news/

ANALYSIS:   Anyone who has endured a bout with norovirus can attest it is neither pleasant nor do you have to be on a cruise ship to get infected.  Sometimes known by the misnomer “stomach flu” -- this virus is not related to influenza – this disease causes nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and some stomach cramping and typically lasts for one to two days.  Highly contagious, norovirus is easily spread in places where people are in close, prolonged contact such as cruise ships.  Schools, nursing homes, and airplanes are also venues for transmission.

While it is impossible to totally prevent transmission, many of the tried and true admonishments can reduce the change of becoming ill:  wash your hands often, ensure frequent hand washing by food service workers and servers, and allow – insist even – that those who show symptoms of this disease stay home or away from others.  When incidents of norovisus illness are identified, cruise operators have implemented supplemental cleaning of common use areas (kitchens, bathrooms, elevators) and surfaces (telephones, doorbells and knobs). This is a prudent measure, at work and at home, for norovirus, influenza, and many other communicable diseases.  CDC recommends these steps for dealing with norovirus:
•    Frequently wash your hands, especially after toilet visits and changing diapers and before eating or preparing food.
•    Carefully wash fruits and vegetables, and steam oysters before eating them.
•    Thoroughly clean and disinfect contaminated surfaces immediately after an episode of illness by using a bleach-based household cleaner.
•    Immediately remove and wash clothing or linens that may be contaminated with virus after an episode of illness (use hot water and soap).
•    Flush or discard any vomitus and/or stool in the toilet and make sure that the surrounding area is kept clean.
•    Persons who are infected with norovirus should not prepare food while they have symptoms and for at least 2-3 days after they recover from their illness.
•    Food that may have been contaminated by an ill person should be disposed of properly.
A heightened sense of awareness, sensitivity to reducing the rick of spread, and – perhaps most importantly – creating a culture where prevention and common response are routine are keys to avoiding this and other most unpleasant illnesses.

- Donald A. Donahue, DHEd, Executive Director, Center for Health Policy and Preparedness

SUMMARY: A health official said he let a Washington state daycare center remain open for several days after children were hospitalized with a deadly strain of E. coli because of concerns the infection would spread farther if parents took their children elsewhere. A 4-year-old boy died after being infected at the daycare center and three other children were sickened.
STORY LINK: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/36349575/ns/health/

ANALYSIS:  Without knowing the specific details of this outbreak, it would be imprudent to speculate on what appears, on surface value, to be a public health decision that places children at risk.  This incident focuses attention on one of the many possible and practical reactions to a disease outbreak.  Until the source and means of transmission of a disease are identified, hasty reactions may actually worsen the situation.  For example, closing a high school in the face of an influenza outbreak may be appropriate.  If many of the parents are working or otherwise not home and a shopping mall is nearby, teenagers will tend to become restless and congregate, thereby not only negating the preventive measure of school closing but also exposing a far wider population.  Understanding the optimal course of action often requires many “what if” considerations and prior planning.  We typically defer disaster planning and practice, at times at our own peril.  A risk analysis, the beginning of prevention and response planning, and creating a knowledgeable and resilient workforce, community, or family are first steps in avoiding disaster.  “Every crisis is a human crisis” assumes tremendous meaning when you are that human.

SUMMARY: A study by scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey and the University of Tokyo showed that wild ducks could be spreading the H5N1 virus far and wide. Satellites tracked migrating northern pintail ducks from a bird flu-infected marsh in Japan to nesting areas in Russia. The ducks did not necessarily carry the virus, but the species can be infected with H5N1 with no ill effects. H5N1 has been circulating in Asia and the Middle East, with occasional outbreaks in Europe, since 2003. Alaska is thought to be the most likely place for it to enter the Americas.
STORY LINK: http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/wireStory?id=10357061

ANALYSIS:  The nature of science is to seek empirical proof of what we know intuitively.  Disease must be communicated – carried and delivered by someone or something – to be communicable.  The source of avian flu is, as the name suggests, birds.  It makes sense that when that source, what is termed the “reservoir”, travels so too does the disease.  When West Nile virus first appeared in New York City in 1999, it was not the human victims who facilitated identification of the disease but rather the unusually large number of birds dying in the region.  Whether human or animal transmission, the fact that disease can be spread is the relevant issue.  Once pandemic influenza falls out of the media spotlight, it also tends to lose our attention.  The basic preventive and planning measures stressed over the past year – frequent hand washing, cough etiquette, immunization, monitoring travel, responsive sick leave policies, and a well-rehearsed and familiar disaster plan – remain highly relevant.  Illness and disasters may never be prevented, but their impact can be minimized through a culture of preparedness.

- Donald A. Donahue, DHEd, Executive Director, Center for Health Policy and Preparedness

Address

The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies
Ballston Metro Center Office Towers
901 North Stuart Street, Suite 1200
Arlington, VA 22203
Tel 703.525.0770

Click here for map  

Our Mission

The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies is an independent, 501(c)(3), not-for-profit public policy research institute. The Institute identifies and aggressively shepherds discussion on key science and technology issues facing our society. From these discussions and forums, we develop meaningful science and technology policy options and ensure their implementation at the intersection of business and government.

Like/Tweet/Share

Follow Us on Facebook  Follow us on Twitter Connect with us on LinkedIn  See us on YouTube