• US National Security in a New Era of Intense Global Competition

    US National Security in a New Era of Intense Global Competition     A New Era The United States and China are in a great power competition that will have profound impact on the national security and economic security of both countries for decades.1,2 This competition aligns across interdependent economic, military, and political vectors. At the core, this is a competition of ideals and governance. But unlike the 20th century Cold War competition with the…

    In Articles by The Honorable Zachary J. Lemnios,
  • Standing Tall: Maintaining US Economic and Military Competitive Posture During Turbulent Times

    Paul Kennedy’s 1987 book, The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers demonstrated that throughout history, great powers fell into decline when their economic power failed to support their military and political ambitions. Ways, ends, and means fell out of balance. This paper contends that Paul Kennedy’s basic premise applies to the United States in 2022. The 2017 National Security Strategy used the phrase “Great Power Competition”— a phrase that has been used widely since.…

    In Articles by The Honorable Alan R. Shaffer
  • Microelectronics: Supply Chain Challenges with “The New Oil”

      A Shortage of Chips The COVID-19 global pandemic has revealed the fragility of global supply chains. Business practices such as “just-in-time” supply chain strategies, so efficient during normal times, became serious liabilities in the face of supply disruptions, irrespective of their origins. Shortages of semiconductors (“chips”) have been but one of the many disruptions to ripple through the US economy in the wake of COVID-19, but one that was both highly consequential and surprising.…

    In Articles by Michael Fritze, PhD
  • Counting Things that Count Assessing the Fundamental Missions of Research and Development Organizations

    Introduction The best competitors in any facet of life—whether businesses, schools, athletic teams, or individuals—understand that to succeed, they must clearly know what they do and how well they do it. This specialized wisdom to succeed applies equally to organizations that support research and development (R&D). Success requires insight from repeated analysis, mission prioritization, and dedication to development and incorporation of objective performance measures. This is true regardless of the field of activity, size, scope,…

    In Articles by James J. Richardson, PhD
  • Free of Charge: Escaping China’s Lithium-Ion Battery Dominance

    If you thought our dependence on foreign foundries for microelectronics was a significant supply chain problem for the United States, then you don’t want to know about the situation with batteries. It is not an exaggeration to say that modern society is beholden to the Li-ion battery. The large EVs that consumers want, the small electronics that protect warfighters, and the green revolution that we need are all powered by batteries. To date, Li-ion technology…

    In Articles by Moriah Locklear, PhD
  • The Hypersonic Conundrum

    The United States is behind Russia and China in the development of technologies and systems to field hypersonic missiles, and methods to defend against them. Both the Russians and Chinese have operational offensive hypersonic systems, which are aerodynamically maneuverable and are designed to defeat US defenses. The US is years from deploying comparable systems, and current missile defense systems were not designed to address hypersonic weapons. The hypersonic development of both offensive systems and defensive…

    In Articles by Robert (Bob) Hummel, PhD

In a memorandum earlier this month, Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus outlined his goal to integrate robotics and artificial intelligence (AI) into the Fleet. Ideally, the Navy would develop systems that can act autonomously – not necessarily free-thinking, like the popular conception of AI. Mabus implied that automated robotics and advanced decision-making could shape future warfare, and called on the Navy to capitalize on “recent private sector advances in fields such as machine learning, natural language processing, ontological engineering, and automated planning for naval applications.” Several Navy R&D projects could be primed for system autonomy, including the recently tested unmanned carrier-launched aircraft (UCLASS), the unmanned underwater vehicle (LDUUV), and the “Swarmboat” unmanned surface vessel. See: http://news usni org/2015/06/15/navy-to-accelerate-artificial-in- telligence-development-for-warfighting-support-roles

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