Professor Yonah Alexander, Ph.D., Member, Board of Regents, Senior Fellow, and Director, International Center for Terrorism Studies
Professor Yonah Alexander is a Senior Fellow and Director of ICTS at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies. In addition to these responsibilities, Professor Alexander is the director of the Terrorism Studies Program at The George Washington University and the Inter-University Terrorism Program. Previously he has held positions teaching at the State University of New York and as a researcher at Georgetown University's Center for Strategic and International Studies. He is the Editor-in-Chief of Terrorism: An International Journal and Political Communication and Persuasion: An International Journal.

Vice Admiral Albert J. Baciocco, Jr., USN (Ret.), Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow

Vice Admiral Albert Baciocco, Jr. graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1953, where he received a Bachelor of Science in engineering and later completed graduate level studies in the field of nuclear engineering as part of his training in the naval nuclear propulsion program. He served as Chief of Naval Research from 1978-1981 and as the Director of Research, Development, and Acquisition from 1983-1987. Upon retirement, he established the Baciocco Group, Inc., a technical and management consulting practice and has since been engaged in a broad range of business and pro bono activities with industry, government, and academe, including memberships on the Naval Studies Board and the Army Science Board. He has also provided his time to serving on the Boards of Directors of several corporations, both public and private. He is a Trustee of the South Carolina Research Authority, and serves as a Director of the Foundation for Research Development at the Medical University of South Carolina. Vice Admiral Baciocco has been designated a lifetime National Associate of the National Academies by the Council of the National Academies of Sciences.

Jeff Baxter, Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow
Mr. Jeff Baxter currently serves as Chairman of the Civilian Advisory Board for Ballistic Missile Defense. He has acted in an advisory capacity for Congressmen Curt Weldon and Dana Rohrabacher, both members of the House Science Committee, and has participated in numerous wargames for the Pentagon. Mr. Baxter was invited to serve on the Laser Advisory Board at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and has lectured at the University of Manitoba School of Political Science on the topic of regional conflict and missile defense. He is a world-renowned guitarist and a former member of both Steely Dan and the Doobie Brothers.

H. Lee Buchanan, Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow

Lee Buchanan is a Venture Partner at Paladin Capital Group. He is a former Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Research, Development, and Acquisition, responsible for all research development and procurement of defense systems for the Navy and the Marine Corps. Hon. Buchanan also served as the Deputy Director of the Defense Advanced Research Agency in the role of the Chief Operating Officer for the central Research and Development Organization for the Department ... of Defense. There, he directed a multibillion-dollar program of basic and applied research conducted by industry, universities, and national and military laboratories. Hon. Buchanan served as a Director at CloudShield Technologies, Inc.

Dr. Terry Collins, Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow
Dr. Terry Collins is the Chairman of the Board, CEO and President of ArgonST. Dr. Collins has been a Director of the Company since September 2004. Dr. Collins also serves on the Board of Directors of James Monroe Bank. Dr. Collins was one of the three original founders of Argon Engineering Associates, Inc., (Argon Engineering) in 1997. Dr. Collins served as Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Argon Engineering from its inception until the merger with Sensytech in September 2004. From 1995 until 1997 he was the General Manager of the Falls Church division of Raytheon E-Systems. From 1989 until 1995 Dr. Collins was President of Engineering Research Associates, a wholly owned subsidiary of E-Systems Corporation. Dr. Collins served as the senior member of the engineering management team at Engineering Research Associates from 1979 until its acquisition by E-Systems Corporation in 1989.
Dr. Rita R. Colwell, Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow
Dr. Rita Colwell is Distinguished University Professor at the University of Maryland, College Park, and the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health. She is also Chairman and Senior Vice President of Canon US Life Sciences, Inc., a subsidiary of Canon, Inc. focused on medical instrumentation. Dr. Colwell served as Director of the National Science Foundation from August 1998 to February 2004 and was the Founding President of the University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute between 1988 and 1998. She holds many honorary degrees from universities and colleges around the world including her alma mater, Purdue University, and is a member of the National Academy of Sciences.
Lt Gen. George Flynn, USMC (Ret.), member Board of Regents
LtGen Flynn joins the Potomac Institute with significant operational expertise and proven leadership, management, training and education following a distinguished career of more than 38 years in the U.S. Marine Corps.  Years of practical experience and graduate level education in national security and international affairs are reflected in an extensive record across a broad spectrum of defense operations.  While on active duty, LtGen Flynn created the Joint Force Development Directorate at the Joint Chiefs of Staff, managing more than 2,000 people and a $1 billion organization that developed new military operational, concepts, doctrine and training.  He supervised all elements of the Combatant Commander exercise program, which provides staff training and evaluates the mission performance of the largest military command organization in the United States.  He also developed policy for and provided oversight of all professional military education.  As Deputy Commandant of the Marine Corps for Combat Development and Integration, LtGen Flynn determined future requirements for all equipment, training, personnel, facilities, and supporting activities of the Marine Corps.  His role as the Deputy Commanding General, Multi-National Corps, Iraq, involved leading combat operations and providing direct supervision of support activities of more than 50,000 service members and civilians, while conducting operational planning and execution to enable coalition operations, including extensive interaction with United Kingdom and Coalition Special Operations Forces.  LtGen Flynn supervised and provided oversight, policy and guidance for Marine Corps training as the Commanding General, Marine Corps Training and Education Command.  As Chief of Staff, U.S. Special Operations Command, LtGen Flynn supervised all support requirements for a 2,000-person organization, responsible for the planning, direction and financial execution of the headquarters.  He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and has several Masters Degrees in National Security and Strategy, and International Relations.
General Alfred M. Gray, USMC (Ret.), Chairman, Board of Regents, Member of the Board of Directors, and Senior Fellow
In 1991, General Alfred Gray retired from the U.S. Marine Corps after 41 years of service and joined Garber International Associates (GIA) as a Senior Associate. From 1987 to 1991, General Gray served as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and was the 29th Commandant of the Marine Corps. He served as military advisor to the President, the National Security Council and the Secretary of Defense. General Gray holds a B.S. from the State University of New York. He also attended Lafayette College, the Marine Corps Command and Staff College, Army War College and did graduate work at Syracuse University. General Gray is the recipient of a Military Science degree from Norwich University and a Doctor of Strategic Intelligence degree from the Defense Intelligence College. He is currently a Senior Fellow at the Institute.

Rear Admiral John E. (Ted) Gordon, JAGC, USN (Ret.), Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow

Rear Admiral Ted Gordon was Senior Vice President Washington Operations for Alliant Techsystems Inc. (ATK) from 2001 to April 2007. Prior to that he worked for Litton Industries serving as Vice President for Washington Operations. In both positions he was responsible for all company interface with Congress, the Federal Government, and all other customers in the Washington area. Rear Admiral Gordon retired from the U.S. Navy after having served in several senior positions. He was the Judge Advocate General of the Navy from 1990 to 1992. He had previously served as the Deputy Judge Advocate General of the Navy and as the Commander of the Navy Legal Services Command.

Jay Grove, Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow
Mr. Jay Grove is a Vice President of Argon ST, of Fairfax, VA. Appointed in 2006, Mr. Grove provides strategic direction and operational leadership of the San Diego-based, Network Systems Group. The 200 person group is a leader in mobile ad-hoc networking, datalink inter-communication/processing, and related test & training instrumentation. Prior to joining Argon ST, Mr. Grove served as the Vice President of EMS Technologies, Inc., Defense & Space Systems Division, a position he served in from 2001. Prior to joining EMS, Mr. Grove served technical, management, and leadership roles at ViaSat, Inc., Lockheed-Martin Corporation, and TRW, Inc. Mr. Grove holds a BS degree in Electrical Systems Engineering from Wright State University, a MS degree in Engineering from the University of Dayton, and has completed the Georgia Institute of Technology Management Institute and the Stanford University Executive Institute.

Melissa Hathaway, Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow

Melissa Hathaway brings a multi-disciplinary and multi-institutional perspective to strategic consulting and strategy formulation for public and private sector clients.  She is a member of the Board of Regents at Potomac Institute for Policy Studies.   She is also serves as a Senior Advisor at Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center, a Distinguished Fellow at the Centre for International Governance Innovation in Canada, and is the Chair of the Council of Experts for the Global Cyber Security Center in Italy. She served in two U.S. presidential administrations, spearheading the Cyberspace Policy Review for President Barack Obama and leading the Comprehensive National Cybersecurity Initiative (CNCI) for President George W. Bush.   At the conclusion of her government service she received the National Intelligence Reform Medal in recognition of her achievements.

Previously, Ms. Hathaway was a Principal with Booz Allen & Hamilton, Inc., where she led two primary business units: information operations and long range strategy and policy support, supporting key offices within the Department of Defense and Intelligence Community. Earlier in her career she worked with Evidence Based Research, Inc. and the American Foreign Service Association.   Ms. Hathaway is a frequent keynote speaker on cyber security matters, and regularly publishes papers and commentary in this field.

Charles Herzfeld, Ph.D. Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow
The Honorable Charles Herzfeld, PhD, is a Senior Fellow at the Institute and consults for a number of government, commercial and other not-for-profit organizations. He also consults for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), and the National Intelligence Council. He was a member of the President's Information Advisory Council (PITAC) National Security Panel. Read Entire Bio
John C. Johnson, Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow
As VP, GM & Deputy to the President of Electronic Systems of Northrop Grumman Corporation, Mr. Johnson has oversight responsibility for developing, producing, and providing critical technologies, systems, and services for the Department of Defense, other government agencies, and commercial and international customers. Mr. Johnson joined Northrop Grumman in 1989 following a distinguished 20-year career with the U.S. Air Force. He has held a number of executive positions in the Business Development, Systems Development &Technology (SD&T) and Aerospace organizations.  He was recently elected to the Board of Directors for IEC Electronics.  He retired as a colonel and commander of flight operations for the 33rd Tactical Fighter Wing. He achieved the rank of colonel after 14 years in service. His career included more than 4,000 flight hours, the Legion of Merit, Distinguished Flying Cross and multiple Air Medals for combat operations in Southeast Asia. During his Air Force career, he flew the RC-135, T-38, FB-111 and F-15 as both an instructor and command pilot. His academic credentials include a bachelor’s degree from New Mexico Highlands University and a master’s degree (MS) in systems management from the University of Southern California (USC) School of Engineering. He completed the General Manager Program at Harvard Business School and Executive Strategy program at UCLA. Mr. Johnson is a member of the Society of Automotive Engineers, Society of Manufacturing Engineers, U.S. Air Force Association, National Association of Corporate Directors and Boardroom. He has served on the Board of Councilors for USC School of Engineering.
Donald M. Kerr, Ph.D. Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow
The Honorable Donald Kerr, Ph.D, has held several prominent positions in government service and private industry. He has served as Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence, Director of the National Reconnaissance Office, Deputy Director for Science and Technology at the Central Intelligence Agency, and Assistant Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation in charge of the Laboratory Division. He is a recipient of the National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal and the CIA Distinguished Intelligence Medal. He holds a PhD in plasma physics and microwave electronics, is a Research Professor at George Mason University, and a member of the Defense Science Board.
Kathleen Kiernan, Ph.D., Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow
Dr. Kathleen Kiernan is a 29-year veteran of Federal Law Enforcement and is currently CEO of the The Kiernan Group in Washington, D.C. which supports both federal and civil clients with a variety of consulting services. She previously served as the Assistant Director for the Office of Strategic Intelligence and Information for the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) where she was responsible for the design and implementation of an intelligence-led organizational strategy to mine and disseminate data related to explosives, firearms and illegal tobacco diversion, the traditional and non-traditional tools of terrorism.
Dr. Kiernan has a Doctorate in Education from Northern Illinois University (with highest honors) and a M.S. in Strategic Intelligence from the Joint Military Intelligence College in Washington, D.C. She also holds a M.A. in International Transactions from George Mason University. Dr. Kiernan has been involved with the Intelligence Community for over a decade, and served as the ATF representative to the Counterterrorism Center (CTC) at CIA during 1993-1995. Dr. Kiernan is a senior member on the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) Terrorism subcommittee, and has presented training on Critical Incident Management and Explosives response protocol on a worldwide basis.
Francis Landolf, Member, Board of Regents, and Senior Fellow
Francis Landolf is a Senior Fellow and a member of the Board of Regents. He currently serves as a Principal with Core Consulting, LLC. Mr. Landolf created Core Consulting to match private sector solutions with public sector problems by applying innovation from small, sometimes obscure companies. He is an advisor to a number of small innovative product companies that are addresssing, or have the potential to address, both Government and commercial applications. Mr. Landolf has performed coaching and leadership development for both private and public sector executives and teams. He is also a member of the Technical Advisory Group for the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, and serves on the National Security Agency Advisory Board. He is an advisory board member of the Cyber Incubator at University of Maryland Baltimore County and Mission Link.
A. Alan Moghissi, Ph.D., Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow
Dr. Alan Moghissi is the Chair of the Risk Analysis Center and a Senior Fellow at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies. He also serves as co-editor of the peer-reviewed journal, Technology, which the Potomac Institute edits in cooperation with the Institute for Regulatory Science. After more than two decades of federal service at the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Dr. Moghissi formed the Institute for Regulatory Science (RSI) in early 1985. While at the EPA, he held a number of positions including that of Principal Science Advisor for Radiation and Hazardous Materials. In addition, he served as the Director of the Bioenvironmental/Radiological Research Division and Manager of the Health and Environmental Risk Analysis Program. Later on, Dr. Moghissi joined the University of Maryland Baltimore as Assistant Vice President, and Temple University in Philadelphia as Associate Vice President. At both universities, his portfolio included operational aspects of environmental health and safety. Dr. Moghissi’s research has dealt not only with his primary area of education which includes biological and environmental kinetics, but increasingly with the development and implementation of the concept of Best Available Science (BAS) in societal (including regulatory) decisions. Dr. Moghissi has written over 400 papers including several books, and has edited a number of scientific journals. He received his training in Zurich, Switzerland and Karlsruhe, Germany where he received a doctorate degree in physical chemistry.
Brian J. Morra, Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow
Brian J. Morra is a Senior Fellow and Member of the Board of Regents of the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies. Mr. Morra serves as Sector Vice President, Strategic Planning, for the Electronic Systems Sector of Northrop Grumman Corporation. Mr. Morra has more than 30 years of experience in general management, strategic planning, and business development in both defense and commercial industries. Mr. Morra’s government service includes a combined 15 years active and reserve duty in the U.S. Air Force as an intelligence officer.
Alden V. Munson, Jr., Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow
Mr. Munson is an advisor to government and industry in defense and intelligence. He is a Senior Fellow and Member, Board of Regents at Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, and serves on the Defense Science Board. He was the Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Acquisition from May 2007 until July 2009. Previously he was a consultant in defense, space, and intelligence and was associated with the investment banking firm Windsor Group. He was Senior Vice President and Group Executive of the Litton Information Systems Group, leading information technology, command and control, and intelligence businesses for defense, intelligence, civil, commercial, and international customers. Mr. Munson was Vice President at TRW, in the System Integration Group, the Space and Electronics Group, and the Information Systems Group (the former TRW Credit Business). In these assignments, he led numerous space, intelligence, and information technology organizations and activities. He began his career at the Aerospace Corporation, where he provided system engineering support to many space and intelligence programs. Mr. Munson received a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering with distinction and departmental honors from San Jose State University (SJSU) and a master’s degree in mechanical engineering from the University of California, Berkeley. He later completed extensive coursework in computer science at University of California, Los Angeles and attended executive programs at Harvard (Competition and Strategy; National and International Security) and Stanford (Management of High Technology Enterprises). In 1997, he was named a Distinguished Graduate of the SJSU College of Engineering, and in 2000, the National Reconnaissance Office named Mr. Munson in the first group of Pioneers of National Reconnaissance. He received the National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal in 2009. Mr. Munson serves on the board of DigitalGlobe, a commercial imagery company. He was a founding director of Paracel Inc. (now part of Aplera) and has held board positions with bd Systems, the Armed Forces Communications Electronics Association (AFCEA), and the Manhattan Beach Education Foundation, and is an active member of the Intelligence and National Security Alliance (INSA).

Admiral Robert J. Natter, USN (Ret.), Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow

ADM Natter is President of R.J. Natter & Associates, LLC, a nationwide consulting and advocacy firm specializing in corporate and defense strategy.  Clients have included the State of Florida Governor’s Office; McDonald's Corporation; Lockheed Martin Corp; Microsoft Corp; IBM Corp; DLA Piper Rudnick US LLP; Vornado Realty Trust; Embraer North America; Sumitomo North America; and myriad other U.S. and international corporations.   Admiral Natter is Chairman of the Board of G4S Government Solutions (GS), a premier U.S. provider of security and infrastructure support solutions for customers with complex requirements in highly regulated industries. G4S GS is a U.S. government security-cleared commercial nuclear security business and is an independent operating unit of G4S plc. He also serves on the Board of Directors of BAE Systems, Inc, a U.S. subsidiary of BAE Systems plc.

Following one year enlisted service and graduation from the U.S. Naval Academy, Natter rose to four-star Admiral. In 2003, Admiral Natter completed a distinguished 41-year Navy career as Commander of the U.S. Atlantic Fleet, the first Commander of U.S. Fleet Forces Command, the first Commander of all U.S. Navy and Coast Guard homeland defense forces under the newly created Northern Command, and the Commander-in-Chief of the NATO Western Atlantic Command.  At that time the Atlantic Fleet consisted of over 160,000 Sailors and Marines, 162 ships and 1,200 aircraft, as well as 18 major shore stations. Admiral Natter’s military decorations include the Silver Star Medal, four awards of the Distinguished Service Medal, the Defense Superior Service Medal, the Bronze Star Medal with Combat V, Navy Commendation Medal with Combat V, Navy Achievement Medal with Combat V, and the Purple Heart, among others.  His personal honors include the 1998 Order of the Rising Sun Medal by the Emperor of Japan; the 1998 Order of National Security Medal from the President of the Republic of Korea; the 2003 Ellis Island Medal of Honor, and the 2004 Distinguished Sea Service Leader of the Year by the Naval Order of the United States.  Natter has earned Masters degrees in Business Management and International Relations, and is the fifth recipient of the Naval War College Distinguished Graduate Leadership Award.

In 2012 Natter assumed Chairmanship of the U.S. Naval Academy Alumni Association Board of Trustees, representing about 55,000 living graduates. He is also on the Board of the National Navy SEAL Museum.

Gordon Oehler, Ph.D., Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow
Dr. Gordon Oehler received both a B.S. in Electrical Engineering and a Ph.D. in physics from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. He is a 1981 graduate of the National War College. After receiving his Ph.D., Dr. Oehler worked for a small firm in upper New York where he designed instrumentation for metallurgical applications. He subsequently joined the CIA in 1972 and served in a variety of analytical and managerial positions involving weapons systems and foreign policy analysis. Included in these assignments were the Chief of the Technology Transfer Assessment Center (responsible for impeding the flow of Western technology into Soviet weapons programs) and the Director of the Office of Scientific and Weapons Research (responsible for all analysis and reporting relating to foreign weapon systems and technology developments). In May 1992, Dr. Oehler was appointed the Director of the Nonproliferation Center. In this capacity, he was the senior Intelligence Community spokesman on proliferation issues. After leaving the CIA in October 1997, he served as corporate vice president for corporate development at Science Applications International Corporation. Subsequent to that, he was a deputy staff director for the president’s WMD commission that examined the intelligence failures leading up to the second Gulf war. The commission made seventy-three recommendations to improve intelligence capabilities—most of which have been adopted. He currently serves on a senior policy advisory board for the Department of State and is a working group chairman for the Congressional Commission on the Strategic Posture of the United States. He is also a Senior Fellow at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies.

Dr. Hank Orejuela, Ph.D., Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow

Dr. Hank Orejuela’s experience and professional accomplishments span both government and private industry, and he has been a leader in the Defense Industry. Dr. Orejuela founded Applied Systems Analytics LLC in 2011 providing Intelligence, IT and Advanced Technology consulting for DoD and other departments of the U.S. government. He supports the Rapid Reaction Technology Office within the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Research and Engineering, ASD(R&E) and also recently participated in a comprehensive study for ASD(R&E), addressing the future use of Microelectronics in DoD programs and systems. From 2004-2010, he was the CEO of Space and Defense Systems, Inc. (SDSI) a technology and engineering firm that applied advanced signal processing techniques to solve challenging DOD problems. Dr. Orejuela also personally supported the launch and operation of the DeVenCI program in the office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Research and Engineering) from 2006 through 2010. This effort involved finding advanced technology products and technology in the commercial sector and matching them with the needs of DoD and other US government organizations. Dr. Orejuela was instrumental in the development and successful execution of the DeVenCI process. His Navy career encompassed technical and operational assignments in the U.S., Europe and Asia. He retired with the rank of Captain, USN. Dr. Orejuela heads the Advisory Board of the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department at George Mason University and is a member of the Steering Committee of the Security Innovation Network. He is on the Technical Advisory Board of Sanmina-SCI and several small companies. He holds B.S. Chemical Engineering (Purdue University) and Ph.D. Communications Engineering (Naval Postgraduate School) degrees.

Dr. Fred E. Saalfeld, Member, Board of Regents and Senior Research Fellow
Dr. Fred Saalfeld retired from ONR in January 2002. In 1993, Dr. Saalfeld was appointed Technical Director of ONR and Deputy Chief of Naval Research, where he was responsible for the Navy and Marine Corps science and technology program, including basic research, exploratory and advanced technology development conducted in federal and private laboratories, academia and industry. In 1998, this position’s title was changed to Executive Director and Technical Director of ONR. Dr. Saalfeld joined the Naval Research laboratory (NRL) in 1962, where he conducted and directed research in physical chemistry. In 1979 and 1980, Dr. Saalfeld was the Chief Scientist and Scientific Director at the Office of Naval Research (ONR) Branch Office, London. In 1982, he was NRL’s Acting Associate Director of Research for Material Sciences and Component Technology, directing more than 900 scientists and a $90M program. Dr. Saalfeld received his B.S. degree cum laude with majors in Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics from Southeast Missouri State University in 1957. Dr. Saalfeld was awarded his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees with a major in Physical Chemistry with minors in Inorganic Chemistry and Mathematics from Iowa State University in 1959 and 1961, and remained one year at Iowa State as an Instructor.
 Prof. James Giordano, PhD Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow
Prof. James Giordano, PhD, is Director of the Center for Neurotechnology Studies, and Vice President for Academic Programs at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, Arlington, VA, USA. He is  a Senior Research Associate of the Oxford Centre for Neuroethics and Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics at the University of Oxford, UK; and is University Affiliate Professor of Molecular Neurosciences at the Krasnow Institute for Advanced Studies, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA.  As well, he is 2011-2012 Fulbright Professor of Neuroethics at the Ludwig Maximilians Universität, Munich, Germany.
Prof. Giordano is Editor-in-Chief of the journals Philosophy, Ethics and Humanities in Medicine; and Synesis: A Journal of Science, Technology, Ethics, and Policy; Associate Editor for the international journal Neuroethics, and Executive Editor-in-Chief of the book series Advances in Neurotechnology: Ethical, Legal and Social Issues (published by Informa/CRC Press). The author of over 150 publications in neuroscience, neurophilosophy, and neuroethics, his most recent books include: Maldynia: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on the Illness of Chronic Pain (Taylor Francis, 2011); Scientific and Philosophical Perspectives in Neuroethics (with Bert Gordijn, Cambridge University Press, 2010); Pain: Mind, Meaning and Medicine (PPM Press, 2009), and Pain Medicine: Philosophy, Ethics and Policy (with Mark V. Boswell, Linton Atlantic Books, 2009).
His ongoing research addresses the molecular and behavioral neuroscience of pain and analgesia, the neurophilosophy of pain and mind, the neuroethics of pain research and treatment, and the ethical issues arising in and from advancements in neuroscience and neurotechnology. In recognition of his work, he was elected to full membership of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts in 2009.
Timothy R. Sample, Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow
Mr. Timothy Sample served as the President of the Intelligence and National Security Alliance (INSA), responsible for managing the day-to-day operations of INSA, as well as developing and managing its programs and activities. Mr. Sample joined INSA after a position at General Dynamics Advanced Informations Systems as the Vice President for Strategic Intelligence Strategies and Programs. Along with his experience at General Dynamics, Mr. Sample has 25 years of intelligence and policy experience as both a supplier and user of intelligence. Mr. Sample was the Staff Director of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence (HPSCI), a position that he held since June 2000. Mr. Sample’s experiences prior to Congress have included service as both an intelligence and imagery analyst in the Central Intelligence Agency. He has held senior government positions including Deputy U.S. Negotiator for the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START I) when it was signed in 1991, and the Executive Director of the Central Intelligence Nonproliferation Center. His military background includes service in intelligence units within the U.S. Air Force. Beyond his employment with General Dynamics, he has additional business experience, having worked on information processing and telecommunications technologies at GTE Government Systems, and as the co-founder and first President of the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies.
Amb. David Smith, (Ret.), Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow
Ambassador David Smith joined the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies as a Senior Fellow in 2005. Amb. Smith has had a distinguished career in defense and foreign affairs, is an expert on international security issues, and in recent years has focused on the emerging field of cybersecurity. His other areas of expertise include U.S. strategic missile defense, arms control, European security policy, and security relationships with China, Russia, and Korea. He also has in-depth expertise and experience in building stability and security in the South Caucasus region. Ambassador Smith is currently involved in a major project to assist the Republic of Georgia in reforming its national security institutions, and serves as Director of the Georgian Security Analysis Center in Tbilisi.

Howard K. Schue, Member, Board of Regents, Senior Fellow and Member, Board of Directors

Mr. Howard Schue is a Partner and Executive Vice President of Technology Strategies and Alliances Corporation specializing in line and marketing management, new business development, and strategic planning in the aerospace/defense and the command, control, communications and intelligence (C3I) industries. Mr. Schue served on the 1993 Defense Science Board Summer Study on Global Surveillance and on the 1994 Summer Study on Information Architecture for the Battlefield. He is a member of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, The Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association, the National Military Intelligence Association, the American Society of Military Comptrollers, the Air Force Association, the Association of Old Crows, the Reserve Officers Association, the Air War College Alumni Association, the Planetary Society, the West Point Association of Graduates, and the Army Athletic Association.

George A. Spix, Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow
Mr. George Spix is the Chief Architect in the Consumer Platforms Division of the Microsoft Corporation. He also serves on the board of the Digital Audio Video Council (DAVIC), the Information Infrastructure Standards Panel (IISP), the Commerce Department’s Computer Systems’ Security and Privacy Advisory Board (CSSPAB), and a National Research Council (NRC) study focused on trusted computing systems. Before coming to Microsoft, Mr. Spix spent five years as Director of Systems and Software Development at Supercomputer Systems Inc. where he was responsible for the delivery of systems and software products for a next generation supercomputer. Prior to that, he worked for Cray Research Inc., as a Chief Engineer, responsible for systems and software development for the XMP and YMP line of supercomputers.
Lieutenant General Keith J. Stalder, USMC (Ret.), Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow
Lieutenant General Keith J. Stalder, USMC (Ret.), joined the Institute as a Senior Fellow following more than 37 years of distinguished service in Joint and Marine Corps operational assignments. LtGen Stalder is a former Commanding General of US Marine Corps Forces Pacific, Camp H.M. Smith, Hawaii, and former Commanding General of II Marine Expeditionary Force, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Upon retirement he established a technical and management consulting practice and works with industry, government, and academic clients.
While on active duty, LtGen Stalder became one of the military’s most experienced operational planners and commanders, serving as the Commanding General of seven separate organizations. As the senior Marine Military Representative to the U.S. Pacific Command, he was instrumental in negotiating international accords on the basing of US forces in Japan and strengthening international alliances to preserve peace in East Asia and the Pacific.
LtGen Stalder has served as the Commanding General, Training and Education Command in Quantico, Virginia; Commanding General, 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing in Iraq; and the Deputy Commanding General, 1st Marine Expeditionary Force, in Operation Iraqi Freedom I. He commanded Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 531 and Marine Aviation Weapons and Tactics Squadron One. He was the Deputy Director for Plans and Policy, United States Central Command, during Operation Enduring Freedom.

Gene T. Sykes, Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow

Mr. Gene Sykes is a partner in the investment banking firm of Goldman Sachs and Company. He is responsible for the Far West Region of the Mergers and Acquisitions Department, and is in charge of the firm's mergers and acquisitions efforts with health care, aerospace, and technology companies. He joined the Mergers and Acquisitions Department in New York in 1984 and moved to Los Angeles in 1987. He became a partner in 1992. He is active in fundraising for the Harvard College Fund and the Stanford University Graduate School of Business. Mr. Sykes received his M.B.A. from Stanford in 1984 and his B.A. from Harvard in 1980.

Dr. James Tate, Jr., Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow
Jim Tate, who served most recently as Science Advisor to the Secretary of the United States Department of the Interior, is a recognized senior executive and leader in natural resource science and policy. He has extensive federal government knowledge and experience in the legislative process and procedures as well as agency operations. Dr. Tate currently is a Research Associate at the Smithsonian Institution’s Migratory Bird Center as well as Senior Fellow at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies.

Dr. Tate has been noted in his career for promoting the role of science in advising public policy, and for his research and writing on avian ecology and landscape-level biological systems. He has a passion for fly fishing, bow hunting and bird watching. He has served in many natural resource conservation roles throughout his career, including Science Advisor to the Secretary of Interior, Gale Norton; Professional Staff to U.S. Senate committees; Endangered Species Biologist for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; Branch Chief for the U.S. Office of Surface Mining; Environmental Manager with Atlantic Richfield Company; and Associate Professor of Natural Resources, and Assistant Director of the Laboratory of Ornithology at Cornell University.
Anthony J. "Tony" Tether, Ph.D., Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow
Dr. Tether served as Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) of the Department of Defense from 2001 to 2009. As Director, Dr. Tether was responsible for management of the Agency's projects for high-payoff, innovative research and development. He previously served as Director of DARPA's Strategic Technology Office from 1982 through 1986, and as Director of the National Intelligence Office in the Office of the Secretary of Defense from 1978 to 1982. Dr. Tether is the founder of The Sequoia Group, which provides program management and strategy development services to government and private industry, and has served as its President and CEO. He has held positions as Executive Vice President of Systems Control Inc., Chief Executive Officer for Dynamics Technology Inc, Vice President of Science Applications International Corporation's (SAIC) Advanced Technology Sector, Vice President and General Manager for Range Systems at SAIC, and Vice President for Technology and Advanced Development at Ford Aerospace Corp. (acquired by Loral Corporation ). Dr. Tether has been honored with awards including the National Intelligence Medal, the Department of Defense Civilian Meritorious Service Medal, and the Department of Defense Outstanding Public Service Medal.

Lt. Gen. Donald C. Wurster, USAF (Ret.), Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow
Lt. Gen. Donald C. Wurster, USAF (Ret.) is a Senior Fellow and Member of the Board of Regents. Lt. Gen. Wurster retired in August, 2011 from his post as Commander, Air Force Special Operations Command, Hurlburt Field, Florida. As AFSOC Commander, Lt. Gen. Wurster had oversight of the Air Force component of US Special Operations Command, providing Air Force Special Operations Forces for worldwide deployment and assignment to unified combatant commanders. The command has approximately 16,000 active-duty, Reserve, Air National Guard and civilian professionals.

Lt. Gen. Wurster was born in Washington, DC, and was commissioned in 1973 upon graduation from the US Air Force Academy. In 1974, he completed undergraduate helicopter training at Fort Rucker, Ala. He has commanded special operations forces at the squadron, group, wing and subunified command level, and served as commander of all US forces assigned to Joint Task Force-510 during Operation Enduring Freedom - Philippines. Prior to his AFSOC command, he served as AFSOC Vice Commander. Lt. Gen. Wurster is a command pilot with more than 4,000 flying hours, including assignments in both rescue and special operations. In addition to receiving his Bachelor of Science degree from the Air Force Academy, Lt. Gen. Wurster received his MA from Webster University and is a distinguished graduate of the Air Command and Staff College, and a graduate of the Air War College and Industrial College of the Armed Forces.

Gerold Yonas, PhD. Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow.
Dr. Yonas joined the Mind Research Network in 2009, as the director of neurosystems engineering. In his current work, he is dedicated to creating the new fields of neurosystems engineering that links advances in neuroscience with systems engineering through interdisciplinary teams that focus on the development of solutions to complex system problems involving behavior, cognition and neurotechnology.

Previously, Dr. Yonas worked at the Sandia National Laboratories, where he served as vice president of Systems, Science and Technology, and later became Sandia's principal scientist and initiated Sandia's Advanced Concepts Group. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society and a Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. He has received numerous honors including the US Air Force Medal for Meritorious Civilian Service and the Secretary of Defense Medal for Outstanding Public Service.
John J. Young, Jr., Member, Board of Regents and Senior Fellow.
The Honorable John Young is a former Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics. Mr. Young’s distinguished career includes past positions as Director, Defense Research and Engineering (DDR&E); and Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Research, Development, and Acquisition (ASN(RDA)). Prior to these Senate-confirmed positions, Mr. Young served ten years as a professional staff member of the Senate Defense Appropriations Committee, Subcommittee on Defense.


The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies
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The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies is an independent, 501(c)(3), not-for-profit public policy research institute. The Institute identifies and aggressively shepherds discussion on key science and technology issues facing our society. From these discussions and forums, we develop meaningful science and technology policy options and ensure their implementation at the intersection of business and government.

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