Alternative Futures for Corrosion and Degradation Research

altfuturesThe Potomac Institute for Policy Studies is pleased to present Alternative Futures for Corrosion and Degradation Research. This book, authored by study lead Dr. Robert Hummel, Chief Scientist of the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, arose out of a study conducted for the Office of Corrosion Policy and Oversight (CPO) of the Office of the Secretary of Defense on research directions for alternative futures for corrosion and degradation. 

Alternative Futures for Corrosion and Degradation Research offers a road map for novel research directions that could lead to dramatic changes in how the nation views and deals with corrosion and degradation problems.  Corrosion is a national problem that goes beyond the rusting of metal. The issues associated with corrosion and degradation are responsible for more than one trillion dollars in annual national expenditures.  This study outlined new approaches and technologies to materials sustainment, which could lead to reduced maintenance requirements and planned lifetimes for systems.

Alternative Futures for Corrosion and Degradation Research sparks the discussion of functional advances in corrosion control, including development of new materials and coatings, as well as novel systems engineering approaches to mitigate corrosion effects in systems throughout their lifecycle.  Materials sustainment approaches include “the portfolio of long-range research programs should group programs that address the design and production phase, other programs that address the development of new materials and coatings, and other programs that address inspection and maintenance of systems.”

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Al-Qa'ida: Ten Years After 9/11 and Beyond

The Potomac Institute Press is pleased to announce the latest book by Institute Chairman and CEO Michael Swetnam and ICTS Director Prof. Yonah Alexander, Al-Qa'ida: Ten Years After 9/11 and Beyond (Potomac Institute Press, 2012, ISBN: 978-0-9678594-6-0 Paperback, 454 pages).  Orders for Al-Qa'ida, Ten Years After and Beyond may be placed through Amazon.com.  Click here to access the Amazon listing.

Al-Qa'ida: Ten Years After 9/11 and Beyond follows the authors' 2001 book, Usama bin Laden's al-Qa'ida: Profile of a Terrorist Network, which came out just months before the 9/11 attacks.  The new volume offers comprehensive coverage of the group’s history, leadership, financing, propaganda, ideology, and  future outlook.

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A Life at Full Speed: A Journey of Struggle and Discovery

Life at Full Speed

by Charles Herzfeld
 
Among computer science aficionados, Dr. Charles Herzfeld is affectionately known as the “Godfather of the Internet.” As Director of ARPA, the 1960s forerunner of DARPA (today’s Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency), he was the force behind the development of the ARPANET, which ultimately became the Internet we know today. But what many do not know is the backstory behind this phenomenal achievement. By any measure, it’s the story of a remarkable life: one that begins with his escape from the brutality of wartime Europe in 1942, and takes him on a journey to the pinnacle of a scientific community that was experiencing a golden age in mid-20th century America. Dr. Herzfeld’s work placed him at the birth of technologies and trends that transformed the world: the Internet, the supercomputer, missile defense, and precision warfare. His career in the Defense Department, in industry and in the White House spanned the height of the Viet Nam war and the long, grim period of the Cold War. The heady political, cultural and scientific milieu of that time was his element, and he emerged as a true high-tech legend. His numerous awards and honors include induction into the Internet Hall of Fame in 2012, with the title of “Pioneer.” Charles Herzfeld’s life story is an iconic American tale. Here, in his own words, is that story.

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#Cyberdoc No Borders - No Boundaries

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Co-editors Timothy Sample and Michael Swetnam, along with a dozen thought leaders in the realm of cyber security, have assembled “#CyberDoc: No Borders - No Boundaries” as a preliminary framework for the development of a national doctrine for the cyber era.

Cyber technologies are an increasingly essential part of daily life for people around the world, and have fundamentally altered our lives in countless ways. The Internet is now as essential as any other “utility,” and is so seamlessly woven into the fabric of life that we rarely even think about it. At the same time, the vulnerabilities inherent in our reliance on the Internet are rarely discussed publicly in terms of our national security. Those responsible for protecting the capabilities upon which we all rely, as well as the security of the United States, have struggled to articulate and agree upon a doctrine to address these complex issues.

Several of the authors whose essays are included herein begin from the standpoint of nuclear doctrine, assessing whether concepts like containment, mutually assured destruction, and first strike are relevant in the cyber era. Other authors address our role as a nation in a world that is dominated by information and governed by its control. Indeed, we may already be “at war” in a sense that may not neatly fit into the established norms and definitions of war, and may not be bounded by existing treaties and agreements.

The goal of this volume is to raise and debate the issues that a doctrine should consider, and to begin identifying a broad framework from which a doctrine might be developed. It is intended to be the start of a critically important discussion on this topic, one that will inform and guide the development of a useful and enduring doctrine, as well as subsequent policies and strategies, for the United States.

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Al Gray, Marine

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Al Gray, Marine  The Early Years 1950-1967 Vol. 1 Most people know General Al Gray as the 29th Commandant of the Marine Corps. His achievements as a transformational Commandant are legendary within the Marine Corps and the military services. However, little is generally known about his years as an enlisted Marine, junior officer and field grade officer.  In this book, author Scott Laidig tells us the compelling story of those early years in the life of a unique, charismatic Marine who rose through the ranks to the pinnacle of Marine Corps leadership.  Admirers of Al Gray, Marines who served under him and with him, history buffs, students of leadership and of the military, and readers interested in the Vietnam era will all find much to fascinate them in this book, written by a decorated Marine combat veteran of Vietnam. This volume covers the career of Al Gray from his time as a young sergeant in the Amphibious Recon Platoon, to duty as both an artillery officer and an infantry officer along The Main Line of Resistance in Korea and later while conducting special operations in Vietnam in 1964, through command of Vietnam’s northernmost outpost at Gio Linh in 1967, to assignments in the secretive field of cryptology.  The book is rich with personal and historical details, anecdotes and colorful episodes that bring this remarkable Marine’s experiences to life on the page. You will finish this book with a deeper understanding of the qualities that make Al Gray a revered leader with the US Marine Corps, and a true national treasure.  (Purchase Here)

 

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New Book by VP for Academic Programs Prof. James Giordano

The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies is pleased to recognize the latest book edited by VP for Academic Programs, Prof. James Giordano, PhD, entitled Neurotechnology: Premises, Potential and Problems (CRC Press, 2012).  Prof. Giordano is also the Director of the Institute's Center for Neurotechnology Studies. Here's how CRC Press describes the new book: "Written by leading international experts, this text presents a unique, integrative perspective that examines how studies and developments in neurotechnololgy are both impacted by and affect the philosophical foundations of the human condition. As the first book in the series Advances in Neurotechnology: Ethical, Legal and Social Issues, this work establishes the current state of neurotechnology and defines the philosophical and ethical issues in neuroscience, neuroengineering, biomedical engineering, computer science, and nanoscience. It also specifically addresses core questions that are integral to the intellectual and pragmatic dimensions of the rapidly progressing field of neurotechnology." The book Neurotechnology: Premises, Potential and Problems has an official publication date of April 24, 2012.  Please note that CRC Press is offering a 20% discount and free shipping to customers who enter code 888FX at online checkout.

New Monograph Now Available in Kindle Edition

The Potomac Institute Press is pleased to announce that Perspectives on Detention, Prosecution, and Punishment of Terrorists: Implications for Future Policy and Conduct  is now available in a Kindle edition.  The new book is the first volume in a series of monographs by the Potomac Institute Press, edited by Prof. Yonah Alexander, PhD, Director of the Institute's International Center for Terrorism Studies, and Profs. Edgar Brenner and Don Wallace.  Click here to access the Kindle listing on Amazon.com.

Prof. James Giordano's Latest Book Addresses "Maldynia"

The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies' Prof. James Giordano, PhD, Vice President for Academic Programs and Director of the Center for Neurotechnology Studies, is the editor of the recent book Maldynia: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on the Illness of Chronic Pain  (CRC Press, 2010).  The book is available on Amazon.com: click here to access the Amazon listing.

Maldynia: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on the Illness of Chronic Pain focuses on the issue of chronic pain that has progressed to a multidimensional illness state in and of itself. Although often dismissed as such, this pain is not imaginary, but rather represents an interaction of neurobiological processes, emotional and behavioral responses, and socio-cultural effects and reactions that become enduring elements in the life and world of the pain patient, and often remain enigmatic for those who provide care.  This volume emphasizes the need for researchers, clinicians, and caregivers to regard the ways in which chronic ,intractable pain becomes illness and affects a patient’s biological, social, and psychological states. Click here for more information about Prof. Giordano and the Center for Neurotechnology Studies.

Institute Fellow's Book on "Social Banking" Proposes Post-Crisis Paradigm

Potomac Institute for Policy Studies Academic Fellow Dr. Roland Benedikter is the author of a new book, Social Banking and Social Finance: Answers to the Economic Crisis (Springer, 2011).  Click here to access the Amazon.com listing. Dr. Benedikter is currently the European Foundations' Research Professor of Political Sociology, and Visiting Scholar at the Forum on Contemporary Europe of Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA.

In his new book, Dr. Benedikter observes that for over 2,000 years, banks have served to facilitate the exchange of money and to provide a variety of economic and financial services. During the most recent financial collapse and subsequent recession, beginning in 2008, banks have been vilified as perpetrators of the crisis, the public distrust compounded by massive public bailouts.

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New Book on Neuroethics Edited by Prof. James Giordano

 

The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies' Prof. James Giordano, PhD, Vice President for Academic Programs and Director of the Center for Neurotechnology Studies, has recently published Scientific and Philosophical Perspectives in Neuroethics (Cambridge University Press, 2010). The book is available on Amazon.com: click here to access the listing on Amazon. 

A compilation of essays from leaders in the field, Scientific and Philosophical Perspectives in Neuroethics explores the multiple - and sometimes surprising - ramifications of rapid progress in neuroscience and neurotechnology.Even as neuroscientific research provides deeper insight into the workings of nervous systems, the fact remains that there is much we do not know about the nature of mind and consciousness.  Technical knowledge alone does not bridge this gap, and as a result there are many challenging ethical and social questions about the meaning and use of neuroscientific discoveries. Prof. Giordano will address these controversies.

"Inside Jihad" Book Now Available on the Web

The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies is pleased to announce that Dr. Tawfik Hamid's book, Inside Jihad, is now available in PDF format on our website.  Dr. Hamid, an Islamic thinker and reformer, writes from the unique perspective of one who was attracted to the radical philosophies of Jamaa Islamiya at an early age.  Dr. Hamid briefly joined the group, but quickly became disenchanted and determined instead to speak out against radical and violent interpretations of Islam. He now serves as Chair for the Study of Islamic Radicalism at the Potomac Institute. Inside Jihad is a look inside the jihadi mindset, which remains puzzling to so many. Click below for the PDF version of the book.      

Hugh Montgomery's "Bureaucratic Nirvana" Now Available on Amazon.com

The Potomac Institute Press is pleased to announce that Bureaucratic Nirvana: Life in the Center of the Box, by Potomac Institute for Policy Studies Senior Fellow Hugh Montgomery, is now available on Amazon.com. Click here to access the Amazon listing. In Bureaucratic Nirvana, Montgomery draws on his four decades of experience to present a "how-to" primer for Pentagon contractors, administrators and researchers seeking a better understanding of the R&D bureaucracy. 

"Best Available Science" Now Available on Amazon.com

The Potomac Institute Press is pleased to announce that the new edition of Best Available Science: Fundamental Metrics for Evaluation of Scientific Claims is now available for purchase on Amazon.com.  Click here to access order page.

In this updated and revised edition of  Best Available Science: Fundamental Metrics for Evaluation of Scientific Claims, authors A. Alan Moghissi, Michael Swetnam, Betty R. Love and Sorin R. Straja  draw on their decades of experience to provide straightforward, easy-to-understand guidance for policymakers tasked with evaluating scientific claims.  Scientists and non-scientists alike will find the step-by-method outlined here to be invaluable in a world where new scientific developments are reported at a breathtaking pace.

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Terrorists in Our Midst: Combating Foreign-Affinity Terrorism in America

By Yonah Alexander

To date, no definitive study has dealt specifically with the role of American citizens in supporting foreign political, ideological, or extremist religious agendas.  Dr. Yonah Alexander's forthcoming book, Terrorists in Our Midst: Combating Foreign-Affinity Terrorism in America, remedies that.  In the book, seven expert authors discuss the threats to American security interests in the United States and elsewhere.

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Terror on the High Seas: From Piracy to Strategic Challenge

By Yonah Alexander and Tyler B. Richardson

Terror on the High Seas: From Piracy to Strategic Challenge is a provocative look at maritime security and the steps that must be taken if terrorist threats are to be nullified. From the Achille Lauro hijacking to the bombing of the USS Cole to attacks on shipping channels by Somali pirates, terrorists have employed a variety of tactics, both successful and unsuccessful. These have included the smuggling of arms and plots to bomb shipyards, as well as attacks on Merchant Marine ships, maritime offices, fuel storage facilities, and Navy personnel, ships, and facilities, both on shore and in port.

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Pain Medicine: Philosophy, Ethics and Policy

By Dr. James Giordano and M.V. Boswell

This book, edited and written by leading scholars in the field(s) of neuroscience, ethics, law and healthcare policy, provides a unifying perspective of how a philosophical understanding of pain and medicine gives rise to the ethics and policies of pain care. Toward these ends, the chapters shed light on how pain and the experience of the patient and clinician establish the moral obligations of pain medicine, and the conditions necessary to enact pain care on a global scale. In this context, the authors consider possible ethical systems and approaches that are important to, and viable for pain medicine, and provide perspectives into the ways that moral obligations and practical realties are wedded to (and should underscore) any and all practice guidelines, health policy, and laws. In these ways, this volume provides erudite discussions of how contemporary knowledge of pain could and should influence the moral values, and conduct, tenor and value(s) of medical practice, and how this knowledge might serve as a foundation upon which to construct policies toward a more meaningful, patient-centered pain medicine in the future.

About the Author
Editor, James Giordano, PhD is Professor of Neuroscience, Philosophy, and Ethics at the Institute for Psychological Sciences, Centre for Philosophical Psychology, and Fellow, Blackfriars Hall, University of Oxford, UK, and is the Director of the Center for Neurotechnology Studies, and Chair of the Academic Programs at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, in Arlington, VA (USA). His research is focused upon the molecular and behavioral neuroscience of pain and analgesia; the neurophilosophy of pain and mind, and the neuroethics of pain research and treatment. Editor, Mark V. Boswell, MD, PhD is Professor and Chair of the Department of Anesthesiology and Director of the International Pain Center, at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center School of Medicine, in Lubbock, Texas. His clinical and research interests focus upon neuroanesthesia, acute, chronic and neuropathic pain disorders, and the roles and practices of interventional pain management and palliative care.

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Best Available Science

A. Alan Moghissi, Betty Love, Sorin Straja, Dennis McBride and Michael Swetnam

This book is the culmination of three decades of insight from experts in the scientific and policy worlds who have developed a process to enable not only scientists but also non-scientists to clearly and easily assess scientific information.

Policymakers, judges, government agency staff, lawmakers, scientists, and others must constantly balance scientific, social, economic, political, emotional and other considerations when making a decision.  However, they are often "on their own" to determine the validity and applicability of scientific and technical data.  Now they can use the Best Available Science concept to ask themselves, "How reliable is the information in front of me? What is the level of maturity of the underlying science, and can I make a sound decision based on it?"

Authored by Dr. A. Alan Moghissi, Betty Love, & Sorin Straja from the Institute for Regulatory Science and Dennis McBride and Michael Swetnam from the Potomac Institute, Best Available Science isolates scientific issues from others at play in policymaking.  It provides a framework for understanding the validity of scientific information that can be universally understood.  It gives decision makers a simple assessment system to most effictively utilize scientific information.  It also separates science from areas that are outside of the purview of science.

As we continue to strive for excellence in both science and policy in an ever-changing landscape, this guide, Best Available Science, is a must-have resource.  It arms you with the ability to make the best decision possible with the best available information.  This guide can also be used as a tool for scientists to more clearly communicate with policy makers and help them to "speak the same language."

Conflict in the 21st Century: The Rise of Hybrid Wars

By Frank Hoffman, Research Fellow, Center for Emerging Threats and Opportunities (CETO) 

Conflict in the 21st Century: The Rise of Hybrid Wars, summarizes the background and analysis of the changing character of warfare in our time. Examining the debate over the past decade about the evolution of modern warfare in the post Cold-war world, several thinkers have claimed that we were in the midst of a “Revolution in Warfare.” Hoffman takes this discussion to a new and more mature level by recognizing that we are entering a time when multiple types of warfare will be used simultaneously by flexible and sophisticated adversaries. These adversaries understand that successful conflict takes on a variety of forms that are designed to fit one’s goals at that particular time—identified as “Hybrid Wars” in Conflict in the 21st Century.

Hoffman notes that it is too simplistic to merely classify conflict as “Big and Conventional” versus “Small or Irregular.” Today’s enemies, and tomorrow’s, will employ combinations of warfare types. Non-state actors may mostly employ irregular forms of warfare, but will clearly support, encourage, and participate in conventional conflict if it serves their ends. Similarly, nation-states may well engage in irregular conflict in addition to conventional types of warfare to achieve their goals. The monograph lays out some of the implications of the concept. Clearly the United States must be prepared for the full spectrum of conflict from all fronts and realize that preparing our forces for only selected types of conflict will be a recipe for defeat.

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The New Iranian Leadership: Ahmadinejad, Terrorism, Nuclear Ambition, and the Middle East

by Yonah Alexander, Ph.D. and Milton Hoenig, Ph.D.

Since his election, President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of Iran has reversed the more moderate and pluralistic policies of his predecessor and projected himself onto the public scene with headline-grabbing speeches regarding Jews and the state of Israel, open defiance of the UN Security Council on the nuclear issue, and an apparent vision of his country becoming the dominant power in the Middle East. Iran's nuclear ambitions are in direct conflict with the wishes of the United States, the European Union, and many of the governments of the Middle East, leading to consequences that remain uncertain. Iran is a focus of attention in the most recent war in Lebanon, expanding its influence as a (the?) major supporter and supplier of Hezbollah. And Iran is cited in the most recent annual U.S. State Department report on terrorism as the country that is the "most active sponsor of terrorism." This book documents Ahmadinejad's background and rise to power. It explains the current structure of the Iranian revolutionary government--the competing centers of power and the major players. In separate sections it details the terrorist groups funded and armed by Iran, primarily Hezbollah and Hamas. And it provides a comprehensive picture of Iran's apparent aspirations to acquire nuclear weapons, as well as the related implications for regional and global security concerns. There is little reason to believe that Ahmadinejad will leave the scene anytime soon, or that Iran's behavior will change in the near term.

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The Psychology of Strategic Terrorism: Public and Government Responses to Attack

by Ben Sheppard, Ph.D.

This new volume explores terrorism and strategic terror, examining how the public responds to terrorist attacks, and what authorities can do in such situations.

The book uses a unique interdisciplinary approach, which combines the behavioural sciences and international relations, in order to further the understanding of the 'terror' generated by strategic terror. The work examines five contemporary case studies of the psychological and behavioural effects of strategic terror, from either terrorist attacks or aerial bombardment. It also looks at how risk-communication and public-health strategies can amplify or reduce psychological and behavioural responses, and considers whether behavioural effects translate into political effects, and what governments can do to relieve this. Ultimately, the study argues that the public is not prone to panic, but can change their behaviours to reduce their perceived risk of being exposed to a terrorist attack. This book will be of much interest to students of terrorism studies, homeland security, social psychology and politics in general.

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Quantifying Human Information Processing (Potomac Institute for Policy Studies) [Hardcover]

Quantifying

Quantifying Human Information Processing (Potomac Institute for Policy Studies) [Hardcover]

Quantifying Human Information Processing

  1. Dennis K. McBride (Editor), Dylan Schmorrow (Editor)

ISBN-13: 978-0739112014  ISBN-10: 0739112015

 

Rapid advances in IT that allow complex information to be presented in high volume and density are challenging human ability to absorb and analyze data as never before. Designing technologies and systems to provide optimal sensory information to human users will be increasingly important. But to do this, quantitative relationships between brain behavior at a molecular level and observable human behavior must be better identified. This was previously considered to be a futuristic, and somewhat unrealistic, goal, however, recent advances in cognitive neuroscience have provided new opportunities for researchers. 

Read more: Quantifying Human Information Processing (Potomac Institute for Policy Studies) [Hardcover]

Institute Focus

  • Science and Technology Policy
  • National Security
  • S&T Forecasting
  • Operational Research
  • Terrorism and Asymmetry
  • Emerging Threats and Opportunities
  • Cybersecurity
  • Neurotechnology and ethics

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Our Mission

The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies is an independent, 501(c)(3), not-for-profit public policy research institute. The Institute identifies and aggressively shepherds discussion on key science and technology issues facing our society. From these discussions and forums, we develop meaningful science and technology policy options and ensure their implementation at the intersection of business and government.

 

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